Cisleithanian legislative election, 1897

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Cisleithanian Imperial Council election, 1897

← 1891 March 1897 1901 →

All 425 seats in the Imperial Council
213 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Josef Kaizl 1886.png No image.svg No image.svg
Leader Josef Kaizl
Party NSS DLVP PKK
Alliance Bohemian Club German Progressive Parties Poland Club
Leader since 1895
Last election 9.15% 32.81% 11.62%
Seats won 53 50 46
Popular vote 64,546 81,291 26,161
Percentage 6.09% 7.79% 2.46%
Swing Decrease 3.06% Decrease 25.02% Decrease 9.16%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Ludwig Grillich7.jpg Otto Steinwender (1847-1921).jpg Josef Baernreither (1845-1925).jpg
Leader Karl Lueger Otto Steinwender Josef Maria Baernreither
Party CS DVP VSGGB
Alliance Christian Social Union Association of German People's Parties Union of Constitutionalist Landowners
Leader since 1893 1896 1885
Last election 12.60% New 0.78%
Seats won 39 31 23
Popular vote 372,395 48,000 2,288
Percentage 35.15% 4.53% 0.23%
Swing Increase 22.55% Increase 4.53% Decrease 0.55%

Minister-President of Cisleithania before election

Kasimir Felix Badeni
FP

Elected Minister-President of Cisleithania

Kasimir Felix Badeni
FP

Austria-Hungaria transparency.png
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Austria-Hungary
Compromise of 1867

Legislative elections to elect the members of the ninth Imperial Council were held in March 1897 in Cisleithania, the northern and western ("Austrian") crown lands of Austria-Hungary. These elections were first in Cisleithania held under the curial system with universal, but still not equal, suffrage.[1]

Badeni electoral reform

Count Kasimir Felix Badeni had led the Cisleithanian government since 1895. In February 1896, the government submitted a proposal for fundamental reform of the electoral system. The so-called Badeni electoral reform kept the curial electoral system, but in addition to four existing curiae (landowners, trade and industry chambers, large and medium farmers, and male city residents who were annually paying at least 10 guilders of taxes), the fifth, general curiae, was added. While voting rights were limited in the four original curiae (fiscally defined, therefore, allowing voting to only those who have paid taxes on prescribed minimum amount), the fifth curia included all men older than 24. In May 1896, Badeni electoral reform was approved by the Imperial Council.[2]

Results

Voting took place in several stages during March 1897, with the last elections being held in the fifth curiae on March 12, 1897.[3]

The elections significantly changed relations in the Imperial Council, with a strong trend in the degradation of the original dominant German Progressive Party being set. This trend went in favor of the newly founded German People's Party and the Christian Social Party. The elections also brought a further fragmentation of the political scene; the three strongest parliamentary clubs (Young Czechs, Polish Club, and German Progressive Party) had only 168 seats, and the new Imperial Council had 17 parliamentary clubs. Meanwhile, the Social Democrats were still weakening, winning only 15 seats.[4]

Party Votes % Seats
Croatian Nation
Croatian Moderate National Party 3,751 0.36 6
Croatian National Party 1,181 0.11 2
Croatian Radical Party 419 0.04 3
Czech Nation
Young Czech Party 64,546 6.09 53
Old Czech Party 22,769 2.15 0
Czech Compromise Candidates 4,176 0.39 4
Czech People's Party (Young Czech) 2,565 0.24 3
Bohemian Conservative Party 2,369 0.23 1
National Czech Party 1,883 0.18 0
German Nation
Christian Social and Anti-Semitic Party 372,395 35.15 39
Social Democratic Party 245,001 23.13 14
German Liberal and Constitutional Party 81,291 7.79 50
German People's Party 48,000 4.53 31
German-National Party 46,025 4.35 12
Social Politicians 7,874 0.74 1
German Clerical and Conservative Party 7,109 0.67 14
Catholic Conservative Party 4,475 0.42 14
German Clerical Party 2,140 0.20 2
Catholic People’s Party 1,897 0.18 5
German Compromise Candidates 1,548 0.15 1
Officials' Party 1,207 0.11 1
German Farmers' Party 1,157 0.11 0
Agrarian Party 642 0.06 1
German Independents 541 0.05 1
Italian Nation
Italian Liberal Party 25,312 2.39 14
Italian Autonomist Party 1,465 0.14 0
Italian Clerical Party 1,098 0.10 4
Italian Conservative Party 916 0.09 1
Landowner Candidates
Constitutionalist Landowners 2,288 0.23 23
Conservative Landowners 1,089 0.11 9
Bohemian Conservative Landowners 689 0.07 19
Bohemian Centre Party–Moravian Centre Party 346 0.03 3
Polish Nation
Polish Conservative Party 26,161 2.47 46
Polish Radical Party 10,610 1.00 1
Polish Liberal Party 8,792 0.83 5
Polish Democratic Party 8,509 0.80 6
Polish People's Party 6,077 0.57 3
Polish Clerical Party 698 0.06 1
Romanian Nation
Romanian National Party 1,550 0.15 5
Ruthenian Nation
Ruthenian Radical Party 6,020 0.57 1
Young Ruthenian Party 1,816 0.17 6
Ruthenian Moderate Party 1,744 0.17 3
Ruthenian Radical People’s Party 927 0.09 0
Conservative Ruthenian Party 428 0.04 0
Old Ruthenian Party 366 0.03 1
Russophilic Party 287 0.03 0
Serbian Nation
Serb People's Party 183 0.02 2
Slovenian Nation
Slovenian National Party 9,386 0.88 2
Slovenian Liberal Party 2,278 0.21 3
Slovenian Clerical Party 1,984 0.19 8
Slovenian Conservative Party 554 0.05 2
Young Slovenian Party 262 0.02 0
Slovenian Radical Party 122 0.01 0
Unknown & Split Votes
Unknown votes 5,130 0.49 -
Split votes 7,930 0.75 -
Total 1,059,319 100 425
Source: ANNO


Seats

In May 1897, the Imperial Council had 16 political groups and individual parties:

Grouping Seats
Bohemian Club 60
Poland Club 59
Association of German People's Parties 41
Slavic Christian-National Association 35
German Progressive Parties 33
Club of Catholic People's Parties 31
Union of Constitutional Landowners 30
Christian Social Union 26
Group of Bohemian Conservative Landowners 19
Italian Union 19
Social Democratic Association 15
Free German Union 15
Center Club 6
Polish Christian People's Parties 6
Romanian Club 5
Schönerer's group 5
Polish People's Party 3
Independents 17
Total 425

Aftermath

After the elections, Badeni tried to negotiate with the aim of creating a stable pro-government parliamentary majority. However, he did not consider the German Progressive Party or the radical nationalist Pan-German League, but preferred to try to gain support among conservative German-Austrian politicians, including the liberal German Constitutional Party. After the German Constitutional Party refused to give support to the minority government, Badeni announced on April 2, 1897 that his government would resign, but did not go through with the resignation. Meanwhile, negotiations on forming a government continued. On April 4, a framework agreement was set, effectively restoring the conservative so-called Iron Circle from the 1880s, which consisted of the German Catholic People's Party, the Young Czech Party, the Polish club and the Czech Party of Conservative Landowners. Badeni remained Prime Minister. However, the government did not last long as Badeni resigned on November 28, 1897 under the pressure from the German nationalists over the language regulations.[5]

References

  1. ^ Československé dějiny v datech. Praha : Svoboda, 1987. ISBN 80-7239-178-X. S. 323-324. (in Czech)
  2. ^ Urban, Otto: Česká společnost 1848-1918. Praha : Svoboda, 1982. p. 450-451. (in Czech)
  3. ^ Československé dějiny v datech. Prag : Svoboda, 1987. ISBN 80-7239-178-X. p. 324. (in Czech)
  4. ^ Československé dějiny v datech. Praha : Svoboda, 1987. ISBN 80-7239-178-X. p. 324. (in Czech)
  5. ^ Urban, Otto: Česká společnost 1848-1918. Praha : Svoboda, 1982. p. 458-462. (in Czech)
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