Circular Quay railway station

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Circular Quay
Circular Quay railway station Platform 2017.jpg
Eastbound view from Platform 2 in August 2017
Location Alfred Street, Sydney CBD,
New South Wales, Australia
Owned by RailCorp
Operated by Sydney Trains
Line(s) City Circle
Distance 2.6 km from Central
Platforms 2 side
Tracks 2
Connections TfNSW B.svgTfNSW F.svg
Construction
Structure type Elevated
Disabled access Yes
Architect John Bradfield (designer)
Architectural style Inter-War Functionalist[1]
Other information
Status Staffed
Station code CQY
History
Opened 22 January 1956
Electrified Yes
Traffic
Passengers (2013) 17,810 (daily)[2] (Sydney Trains, NSW TrainLink)
Rank 11
Services
Preceding station   Sydney Trains   Following station
T2
Inner West & Leppington Line
One-way operation
One-way operation
T3
Bankstown Line
towards Lidcombe or Liverpool
towards Macarthur
T8
Airport & South Line
One-way operation
Route map
City Circle route map

Circular Quay railway station is a heritage-listed[1] elevated commuter rail station that is located on the City Circle route, serving the Circular Quay precinct of the Sydney central business district in New South Wales, Australia. It is served by Sydney Trains T2 Inner West & Leppington, T3 Bankstown and T8 Airport & South line services.

History

Eastbound view along Alfred Street, the future location of the Circular Quay station, before the construction of the rail viaduct with the ferry wharves on the left

Circular Quay is an area of historical significance for Sydney, as it was for a long time the central harbour of a settlement which relied on shipping for its connection to the outside world. By the 20th century, ferry commuter wharves began to eclipse commercial shipping wharves as the dominant feature of the Quay area. The area became a transport hub as it served as the terminus of both ferry and tram services.[1]

Planning for a railway station here to complement this transport hub began in 1909, and work was authorised in 1915. Tunnels to link the surrounding stations to the future Circular Quay station were built from Central between 1917 and 1926 to St James (eastern section) and 1932 to Wynyard (western section). Work on the section of the railway through Circular Quay began in 1936, was interrupted by World War II, and recommenced in 1945. Work was again interrupted between 1951 and 1953 with the viaduct finally completed in 1954.[1] The supporting beams were fabricated at Chullora Railway Workshops in the 1930s. They were used during the construction of the Hawkesbury River Railway Bridge in the 1940s, before being returned to Chullora.

Circular Quay railway station and the Cahill Expressway under construction in 1955. Workmen can be seen standing on the viaduct leading into and through the station, which was completed the previous year in 1954.

Designs for the station building itself commenced in 1927, revised in 1937, and the station was finally completed and opened on 20 January 1956 by State Premier Joe Cahill, with the first regular train services beginning on 22 January.[3] The completion of Circular Quay station marked the completion of the City Circle railway as originally envisaged by John Bradfield making it the newest station on the line.

The construction and placement of the station was always controversial due to its prominent location at the head of Circular Quay, an important natural and cultural landmark and visitors' attraction. When the Cahill Expressway opened above the station in 1958, the controversy over the entire structure only intensified. There have been various proposals to relocate the station underground in conjunction with the demolition of the Cahill Expressway, however these have not come to fruition.

In 2006 RailCorp performed maintenance and cleaning of the station's 50-year-old facade.[4] A refurbishment in 2007 introduced sun-shading awnings on the platforms, removed advertising hoarding between the tracks, and improved facilities on the concourse level.

Design

Circular Quay station features a ground-level central concourse, and elevated platforms on a second level. Both platforms feature sections of open galleries, offering views to Circular Quay, the Sydney Harbour Bridge and the Sydney Opera House on one side, and Customs House and the Alfred Street plaza on the other. Viaducts lead from the elevated platforms to tunnels through surrounding elevated terrain that lead to neighbouring stations.

The station has two main, double-storey facades, facing Circular Quay to the north, and Customs House to the south respectively. The northern facade is faced with polished granite tiles, while the southern one features polished granite and sandstone. The station name is featured in steel lettering on both sides. The upper storey of the facades correspond to the central sections of the platforms, and feature steel-framed windows. The exterior of the remainder of the platform feature open, glass-railed galleries, supported on the lower level by a continuation of the central facade.[1] The top of the northern, harbour-facing facade is incorporated into the viewing platform and rest area located above the station alongside the Cahill Expressway roadway. This platform can be reached from the pedestrian walkway on the Cahill Expressway.

The station platforms are reached from the ground level concourse via stairs, escalators and lifts. The central concourse is surrounded on either side by retail and food shops and public toilets located under the elevated platforms. The concourse is decorated with brass details in an aquatic animal motif, seen in sculpted grills above stairways and doorways. Glass bricks are used extensively in various parts.

The station is in an inter-war functionalist style, as seen in the strong horizontal lines presented by the windows and galleries, with art deco details.[1]

Platforms & services

Platform Line Stopping pattern Notes
1 services to Homebush, Parramatta, Leppington
2 services to Revesby, Campbelltown & Macarthur
services to Lidcombe & Liverpool via Bankstown

Transport links

South of the railway station is the Alfred Street bus terminus. A large number of State Transit routes originate from there as well as two Sydney Explorer routes.[5][6]

Adjacent to the station lies Circular Quay wharf that is served by Captain Cook Cruises, Manly Fast Ferry and Sydney Ferries services.

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Circular Quay Railway Station and Viaduct". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. 
  2. ^ Bureau of Transport Statistics. "Train Statistics 2014" (PDF). Transport NSW. Retrieved 12 July 2018. 
  3. ^ Circular Quay Station NSWrail.net
  4. ^ "News in Brief" Railway Digest July 2007
  5. ^ Timetables and Maps Transport Info NSW
  6. ^ Bus Transport for NSW

External links

  • Circular Quay at Transport for New South Wales (Archived 29 November 2017)
  • Circular Quay Public Transport Map Transport for NSW
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