Cinema of Ukraine

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Cinema of Ukraine
Ukraine film clapperboard.svg
No. of screens 2,332 (2011)[1]
 • Per capita 5.6 per 100,000 (2011)[1]
Main distributors B And H 20.0%
Gemini Film 11.0%
Kinomania 7.0%[2]
Produced feature films (2009)[3]
Fictional 5
Animated -
Documentary -
Number of admissions (2011)[4]
Total 14,995,200
National films 448,400 (3.0%)
Gross box office (2011)[4]
Total UAH 345 million
National films UAH 4.62 million (1.3%)

Ukraine has had an influence on the history of the cinema. Prominent Ukrainian directors include Oleksandr Dovzhenko, Dzyha Vertov and Serhiy Paradzhanov. Dovzhenko is often cited as one of the most important early Soviet filmmakers,[5][6] as well as being a pioneer of Soviet montage theory and founding Dovzhenko Film Studios. In 1927 Dziga Vertov moved from Moscow to Ukraine. At the film studio VUFKU he made several avant-garde documentaries, among them «The Eleventh Year», «Man with a Movie Camera» and first Ukrainian documentary sound film «Enthusiasm (Symphony of the Donbass)». Paradzhanov was an Armenian film director and artist who made significant contributions to Ukrainian, Armenian and Georgian cinema; he invented his own cinematic style, Ukrainian poetic cinema,[6] which was totally out of step with the guiding principles of socialist realism.

Other important directors include Kira Muratova, Larysa Shepitko, Serhiy Bondarchuk, Leonid Bykov, Yuriy Illienko, Leonid Osyka, Vyacheslav Krishtofovich, Roman Balayan, Sergiy Masloboyschikov, Ihor Podolchak and Maryna Vroda. Many Ukrainian actors have achieved international fame and critical success, including Vira Kholodna, Bohdan Stupka, Sergei Makovetsky, Mike Mazurki, Natalie Wood, Danny Kaye, Jack Palance, Milla Jovovich, Olga Kurylenko and Mila Kunis. Immigrants from Ukraine were the parents of Serge Gainsbourg, Leonard Nimoy, Vira Farmiga and Taissa Farmiga, grandparents - Steven Spielberg, Dustin Hoffman, Sylvester Stallone, Kirk Douglas, Leonardo DiCaprio, Winona Ryder, Whoopi Goldberg, Edward Dmytryk, Lenny Kravitz and Zoë Kravitz, illusionist David Copperfield, animator Bill Tytla.

Despite a history of important and successful productions, the industry has often been characterised by a debate about its identity and the level of Russian and European influence.[7] Ukrainian producers are active in international co-productions, while Ukrainian actors, directors and crew feature regularly in Russian (and formerly Soviet) films. Successful films have been based on Ukrainian people, stories or events, including Battleship Potemkin, Man with a Movie Camera, and Everything Is Illuminated.

The Ukrainian State Film Agency owns National Oleksandr Dovzhenko Film Centre, film copying laboratory and archive, and takes part in hosting of the Odessa International Film Festival. Another festival, Molodist in Kiev, is the only FIAPF accredited International Film Festival held in Ukraine; the competition program has sections for student films, first short film, and first full feature films from all over the world. It is held annually in October.

History of the cinema in Ukraine

Kiev movie theatre.

On the territory of Odessa film studio there is a Museum of the Cinema, in which you can find out about many interesting facts on the history of the cinema in general and history of Ukrainian cinema as a part. Here you can find historic materials, from the invention of cinema, to the postmodern, digital and avant garde.

Films of Ukrainian SSR by ticket sales

Ukrainian title English title Year Tickets sold (millions)
НП – Надзвичайна пригода Extraordinary Accident 1959 47.5
У бій ідуть лише «старі» Only Old Men Are Going to Battle 1973 44.3
Вдалечінь від батьківщини Far from the Motherland 1960 42.0
Доля Марини Marina's Destiny 1954 37.9
Подвиг розвідника Secret Agent 1947 22.73

Government and civil bodies concerned

is administrated by the Ministry of Culture of Ukraine and the Ukrainian Association of Cinematographers.

Film studios

Central entrance to Dovzhenko Film Studios.

State owned

Privately owned

  • Animagrad (Kiev)
  • Film Service Illuminator
  • Film.UA [9] (Kiev)
  • Fresh Production
  • Halychyna-Film Film Studio (Lviv)
  • Interfilm Production Studio
  • Kinofabryka
  • Linked Films
  • Odessa Animation Studio (Odesa)
  • Panama Grand Prix (Kiev)
  • Patriot Film
  • Pronto Film (Kiev)
  • Star Media
  • Yalta-Film Film Studio[10] (Yalta)

Film distribution

B&H Film Distribution Company is a major Ukrainian film distributor; it is the local distributor of films by Walt Disney Pictures, Universal Pictures, Paramount Pictures, Sony Pictures Entertainment (Columbia Pictures).[11]

Ukrainian Film Distribution (formerly Gemini Ukraine) is the local distributor of films by 20th Century Fox (Fox Searchlight Pictures, Blue Sky Studios).[11]

Kinomania is the local distributor of films by Warner Brothers (New Line Cinema).[11]

Short films, festival winners and art house are mostly disrtibuted by Arthouse traffic.[12]

The newest website dalabase system for the artists is the Ukrainian Film Industry Foundation

Festivals

Odessa Film Festival Grand Prix
  • Molodist,[13] Kyiv International Film Festival, held in Kiev (1970-)
  • Kyiv International Film Festival,[14] held in Kiev (2009-)
  • Kyiv International Short Film Festival,[15] held in Kiev (2012-)
  • Kinolev, held in Lviv (2006-)
  • Odessa International Film Festival,[16] held in Odesa (2010-)
  • Animation Film Festival "Krok",[17] (1987) organized by the Ukrainian Association of Cinematographers and takes place in Ukraine and Russia
  • Pokrov,[18] international festival of Christian Orthodox cinema, held in Kiev (2003-)
  • Vidkryta Nich (Open Night),[19] festival of Ukrainian debut short films, held in Kiev (1997-)
  • Kharkiv Siren Film Festival,[20] international festival of short feature films, held in Kharkiv (2008-)
  • Wiz-Art,[21] International Short Film Festival, held in Lviv (2008-)
  • VAU-Fest,[22] International Video Art and Short Film Festival, held in the town of Ukrainka in Kiev oblast (2010-)
  • Kinofront,[23] festival of Ukrainian Z and indie movies (2008-)
  • Docudays UA,[24] international human rights documentary film festival, held in Kiev with travelling program around Ukraine (2003-)
  • Contact, international documentary film festival, held in Kiev (2005-2007)
  • Berdiansk International Film Festival "Golden Brigantine",[25] festival of cinema made in Commonwealth of Independent States and Baltic countries, held in the city of Berdiansk (2011)
  • Irpin Film Festival,[26] international noncommercial festival of alternative cinema, held in the town of Irpin (2003)
  • Golden Pektorale,[27] International Truskavets Film Festival, held in the town of Truskavets
  • Crown of Carpathians,[28] Another International Truskavets Film Festival, held in the town of Truskavets
  • Mute Nights, Odesa, International silent film festival which is held in Odesa on the third week on June.
  • Kino-Yalta, festival of producer's cinema[29] (2003) organized together with the Russian government
  • Stozhary,[30] held in Kiev (1995-2005)
  • Sebastopol International Film Festival,[31] held in Sevastopol, Crimea (2005-2009, 2011)

Awards

Current awards

In 1987 Ukrainian engineer and animator Eugene Mamut together with three colleagues won the «Oscar» (Scientific and Engineering Award) for the design and development of RGA / Oxberry Compu-Quad Special Effects Optical Printer for the movie «Predator»

In 2006 Ukrainian engineer and inventor Anatoliy Kokush was awarded two Oscars for the concept and development of the Ukrainian Arm gyro-stabilized camera crane and the Flight Head.

Former awards

Notable films

Top awards

Award Category Film title Year Director
Palme d'Or Short Film The Cross (Cross-country) 2011 Maryna Vroda
Palme d'Or Short Film Podorozhni (Wayfarers) 2005 Ihor Strembitskyi
Jury Prize Silver Bear at Berlinale Short Film Ishov tramvai N°9 (The Tram N°9 Goes) 2003 Stepan Koval
Panorama Award of the NYFA at Berlinale Short Film Tyr (Shooting Gallery) 2001 Taras Tomenko
FIPRESCI Prize FIPRESCI Award Lebedyne Ozero - Zona (Swan Lake. The Zone) 1990 Yuriy Illienko
Award of the Youth at Cannes Film Festival Foreign Film Lebedyne Ozero - Zona (Swan Lake. The Zone) 1990 Yuriy Illienko

Top Ukrainian-language films by IMDb rating[34]

Name Year Rating Link
Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors 1965 8.1 [2]
The Guide 2014 8.2 [3]
Gámer 2011 7.1 [4]
Brothers. The Final Confession 2013 7.9 [5]
Unforgotten Shadows 2013 6.7 [6]
Firecrosser 2011 7.3 [7]
Delirium 2013 7.5 [8]
Paradzhanov 2013 6.8 [9]
Las Meninas 2008 7.2 [10]

Actors

Ukrainian actors

Ukrainian diaspora actors

Directors

Ukrainian directors

Non-Ukrainian origin directors

See also

Part of a series on
Ukrainians
Lesser coat of arms of Ukraine
Diaspora
see
Template:Ukrainian diaspora
Sub-national groups
Boykos · Hutsuls · Lemkos · Poleszuks
Closely-related peoples
East Slavs (parent group)
Rusyns · Poleszuks · Kuban Cossacks
Pannonian Rusyns
Culture
Architecture · Art · Cinema · Cuisine
Dance · Language · Literature · Music
Sport · Theater
Religion
Eastern Orthodox (Ukrainian)
Greek Catholicism
Roman Catholicism
Judaism (among ethnic Jews)
Languages and dialects
Ukrainian
Russian · Canadian Ukrainian ·
Rusyn · Pannonian Rusyn
Balachka · Surzhyk · Lemko
History · Rulers
List of Ukrainians

References

  1. ^ a b "Table 8: Cinema Infrastructure - Capacity". UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Retrieved 5 November 2013. 
  2. ^ "Table 6: Share of Top 3 distributors (Excel)". UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Retrieved 5 November 2013. 
  3. ^ "Table 1: Feature Film Production - Genre/Method of Shooting". UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Retrieved 5 November 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "Table 11: Exhibition - Admissions & Gross Box Office (GBO)". UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Retrieved 5 November 2013. 
  5. ^ Ivan Katchanovski; Zenon E. Kohut; Bohdan Y. Nebesio; Myroslav Yurkevich (2013). "Film" entry in Historical Dictionary of Ukraine. Scarecrow Press. p. 174. ISBN 9780810878471. 
  6. ^ a b "Capturing the Marvelous: Ukrainian poetic cinema". Film Society of Lincoln Center. Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  7. ^ Shevchuk, Yuri (2014). Linguistic Strategies of Imperial Appropriation: Why Ukraine is absent from world film history. Ch. 22 of Contemporary Ukraine on the Cultural Map of Europe, ed. Larissa M. L. Zaleska Onyshkevych & Maria G. Rewakowicz. Routledge. pp. 359–374. ISBN 9781317473787. 
  8. ^ Website of Yalta Film Studio (in Russian)
  9. ^ Website of Film.UA Archived 2011-12-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  10. ^ Website of Yalta-Film Archived 2010-08-03 at the Wayback Machine. (in Russian)
  11. ^ a b c Film distribution: who brings movies to Ukraine Archived 2011-08-29 at the Wayback Machine. (in Ukrainian)
  12. ^ About Arthouse Traffic
  13. ^ Official website
  14. ^ KIFF official website
  15. ^ KISFF official website
  16. ^ Official website
  17. ^ Krok official website
  18. ^ Pokrov film festival official website Archived 2011-12-08 at the Wayback Machine.
  19. ^ [1] Archived 2008-07-15 at the Wayback Machine.
  20. ^ Харьковская Сирень
  21. ^ Wiz Art Archived 2011-09-05 at the Wayback Machine.
  22. ^ VAU-Fest
  23. ^ Kinofront Archived 2011-12-14 at the Wayback Machine.
  24. ^ Docudays UA Archived 2011-11-25 at the Wayback Machine.
  25. ^ BMKF official page
  26. ^ Irpin film festival official page
  27. ^ Golden Pektorale Archived 2011-12-04 at the Wayback Machine.
  28. ^ Crown of Carpathians
  29. ^ Encyclopedia of Homeland Cinema (in Russian)
  30. ^ Stozhary film festival official page
  31. ^ Sebastopol film festival official website Archived 2012-04-09 at the Wayback Machine.
  32. ^ Regulations for Molodist festival (in Ukrainian)
  33. ^ Awards and Jury of OIFF (in English)
  34. ^ IMDb - Data as for September 2015

External links

  • Ukrainian Film Club at Columbia University
  • Ukrainian cinema
  • (Notable films and awards)
  • Lviv Film Commission
  • Ukraіnian Film Commіssion
  • Ukraіnian Cinema Foundation
  • Ukrainian cinema rises from the ashes
  • Defining and Exploring Ukrainian Cinema
  • International Film Guide. Ukraine
  • Scenes of belonging: cinema and the nationality question in Soviet Ukraine during the long 1960s
  • History of Cinema in UKRAINE
  • Kyiv National I. K. Karpenko-Kary Theatre, Cinema and Television University
  • Ukrainian indie films portal
  • Cinemahall, International organization for informal film education
  • "Film" entry in Historical Dictionary of Ukraine, Ivan Katchanovski, Zenon E. Kohut, Bohdan Y. Nebesio, Myroslav Yurkevich, Scarecrow Press, 2013. ISBN 9780810878471
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cinema_of_Ukraine&oldid=810406357"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cinema_of_Ukraine
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Cinema of Ukraine"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA