Cilgerran

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Cilgerran
St Llawddogs, Cilgerran (geograph 2153547).jpg
Parish Church of St Llawddog
Cilgerran is located in Pembrokeshire
Cilgerran
Cilgerran
Cilgerran shown within Pembrokeshire
Population 1,507 (2011)[1]
OS grid reference SN195427
Community
  • Cilgerran
Principal area
Ceremonial county
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CARDIGAN
Postcode district SA43
Dialling code 01239
Police Dyfed-Powys
Fire Mid and West Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament
Welsh Assembly
List of places
UK
Wales
Pembrokeshire
52°03′12″N 4°38′02″W / 52.05322°N 4.63396°W / 52.05322; -4.63396Coordinates: 52°03′12″N 4°38′02″W / 52.05322°N 4.63396°W / 52.05322; -4.63396

Cilgerran (previously Kilgerran or Cil-Garon) is a parish, community, and formerly an incorporated market town, but now a village. It is situated on the south bank of the River Teifi in Pembrokeshire, Wales.

Among Cilgerran's attractions are Cilgerran Castle and annual coracle races. Kilgerran Halt was a stop on the former Whitland and Cardigan Railway. There are a number of listed buildings, including the parish church.

Nearby are the hamlets of Llwyncelyn, Rhoshill, Cnwce, Pen-y-bryn, Carreg-wen and Pontrhydyceirt, and the villages of Llechryd and Boncath.

The Cilgerran Hundred derives its title from the former town,[2] which was once the headquarters of the commote of Emlyn is Cuch (Emlyn below the River Cuch).

Location

Cilgerran lies 50 metres (160 ft) above sea level on the southern bank of the River Teifi. The stream Afon Plysgog which rises on nearby Rhoshill runs under the road to the west of Cilgerran to join the Teifi. A mixture of woodland and pasture surrounds the town, which is strung out along a fairly level C-class road in an east–west orientation connecting with the A484 at Llechryd to the east and the A478 at Pen-y-bryn to the west.

History

Cilgerran Castle c1885

Cilgerran Castle, strategically built in 1100 at "Cenarth Bychan", high above the River Teifi, is the castle from which Owain of Powys is said to have abducted Nest in 1109. Originally in Cantref Emlyn (Emlyn Is-Cych), Cilgerran came under Norman control with the building of the castle, from where the Lordship of Cilgerran was administered. The Welsh under the Lord Rhys regained control from 1164-5 (the date of the first recording of the name "Cilgerran"[3]) to 1223. By 1204 the town was beginning to grow, with 22 taxpayers recorded in 1292.[4]

After 1223 William Marshall, Earl of Pembroke took control, and his heirs ruled until the lordship passed to the crown in the late 15th century. The Hundred of Cilgerran was established in 1536. It was a marcher borough; Owen, Lord of Kemes, described it in 1603 as one of five Pembrokeshire boroughs overseen by a portreeve.[5] Although the town remained small it was considered one of the main market centres in Pembrokeshire in the early 17th century, with mainly Welsh demographics.

Cilgerran fair circa 1885.
Former dwelling (note blocked-up windows) built from local stone

The principal occupations throughout Cilgerran's history were farming, salmon fishing and slate quarrying. Most slate was quarried in the Teifi gorge, and many of the houses in the town were built from this stone. The town was renowned for the quality of the slate that was mined there and exported through the port at Cardigan. The industry peaked in the late 19th century, its continuance until that time supported by the coming of the railway in 1869. The town's market ended in the early 20th century, there was no further quarrying after 1936 and the castle had been allowed to become a ruin since the 16th century, partly as a result of nearby quarrying, so the town reverted to being termed a village, but still retained town status with a town council.[4]

Amenities

Worship

Tyrhos Chapel

The parish church of St Llawddog is a grade II* listed building (Cadw I.D. 11972). The church's tower is mediaeval and the remainder, in decorated Gothic style, dates from 1855. The font and pulpit are carved Bath stone.[6][7]

Penuel Baptist Chapel (a Grade II listed building)[8] is on the main street, while Tyrhos Congregational Chapel (Grade II)[9] is on the road linking Cilgerran and the hamlet of Rhoshill. Babell Calvinist Methodist Chapel dates from about 1763 and closed in 2011.

Education

Cilgerran County Primary School educates 139 (in 2013) children from nursery to 11 years old and serves several surrounding villages. Pupils are taught in English and Welsh with the aim of bilingualism by the age of 11.[10]

Public houses

The Cardiff Arms (19th century)[11] and Pendre Inn (18th century or earlier)[12] are both Grade II listed buildings; the Masons Arms (known locally as the Ramp Inn) is in Cnwce, a settlement to the east of Cilgerran.

Businesses

Cilgerran has a part-time post office, a garage/petrol station and general stores. In and around the town are a number of small businesses including a pet food store.

Transport

Since the closing of the Whitland and Cardigan Railway in 1962, the only public transport serving Cilgerran is the local bus service.

Attractions

With much of Cilgerran Castle in ruins, its picturesque nature and setting has attracted many artists including Turner.

Ogham Stone, St Llawddog's churchyard

The churchyard contains a megalithic standing stone or Ogham stone upon which Ogham writing can still be seen.

The annual coracle races on the River Teifi were first held in 1950 and attract competitors from all over the world. The river flows slowly through a wooded gorge below the castle making it attractive for canoeists and kayakers.

Located in the river valley between Cilgerran and Cardigan is The Welsh Wildlife Centre and Teifi Marsh, a haven for wildlife and popular with visitors of all ages. The trackbed of the former railway is now a footway and cycle path connecting the two towns.[13] A rare visit by a white stork was photographed in April 2016.[14]

Rhosygilwen estate, near Rhoshill, is a venue for concerts and exhibitions, attracting international artists and musicians under the banner of Project Rhosygilwen, run by Dr Glen Peters.[15] The estate is home to the first utility-scale solar park in west Wales, constructed in 2011 and generating enough electricity to power 300 homes.[16]

Notable people

  • Liberal politician and patent lawyer Rhys Gerran Lloyd, whose middle name was inspired by the village where his father had a home, took his Life Peerage title (in anglicised form) as Baron Lloyd of Kilgerran in 1973.
  • In 1974, a Welsh coracle piloted by Bernard Thomas (~1923–2014) of Llechryd crossed the English Channel to France in ​13 12 hours.[17] The journey was undertaken to demonstrate how the Bull Boats of the Mandan Indians of North Dakota could have been copied from coracles introduced by Prince Madog in the 12th century.[18][19]

Population and governance

The census population of the parish of Cilgerran was: 854 (1801): 1266 (1851): 1,033 (1901): 815 (1951): 703 (1981). The percentage of Welsh speakers was: 96 (1891): 94 (1931): 78 (1971). The population in 2001 was 1,931, with 53% Welsh speakers.

The village has its own elected community council; the community includes Bridell, Llantood and Rhoshill.[20] and had a population of 1,453 in 2001, increasing to 2,058 in the 2011 Census.[21]

The electoral ward of Cilgerran covers the communities of Cilgerran and Manordeifi. Since reorganisation in 1995 the ward has been held by independent councillors. The current member is John Davies, former leader of the authority.

References

  1. ^ "Community population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 17 April 2015. 
  2. ^ "GENUKI: Cilgerran". Retrieved 10 June 2014. 
  3. ^ "CADW: Cilgerran Castle". Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  4. ^ a b "Dyfed Archaeological Trust: Cilgerran (with original citations)". Retrieved 10 June 2014. 
  5. ^ Owen, George (1892). The Description of Penbrokshire. Henry Owen (Ed), London. 
  6. ^ "Church of St. Llawddog,church Street (S Side), Cilgerran". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 29 December 2013. 
  7. ^ "Parish of Cilgerran with Eglwyswrw, Bridell and Llantood". Retrieved 4 March 2018. 
  8. ^ "Penuel Baptist Chapel". Retrieved 26 May 2014. 
  9. ^ "Tyrhos Chapel (British Listed Buildings)". Retrieved 26 May 2014. 
  10. ^ "Cilgerran V.C.P. School - Estyn". Retrieved 26 May 2014. 
  11. ^ "The Cardiff Arms (British Listed Buildings)". Retrieved 26 May 2014. 
  12. ^ "The Pendre Inn (British Listed Buildings)". Retrieved 26 May 2014. 
  13. ^ "Welsh Wildlife Centre and Teifi Marsh". Retrieved 26 May 2014. 
  14. ^ "Rare stork spotted in Cilgerran". Pembrokeshire Herald. 28 April 2016. Retrieved 3 May 2016. 
  15. ^ "Dr Glen Peters - Profile". The Guardian. Retrieved 16 June 2014. 
  16. ^ "Wales' first solar park fires up in Pembrokeshire". BBC Wales. 8 July 2011. Retrieved 16 June 2014. 
  17. ^ "Death of a river legend". Tivyside Advertiser. 7 September 2014. Retrieved 5 May 2015. 
  18. ^ Wales on Britannia: Facts About Wales & the Welsh
  19. ^ John, Gilbert (5 April 2008). "'Coracle king' to hang up paddle". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 10 January 2015. 
  20. ^ "Pembrokeshire County Council: Town and Community Councils". Retrieved 4 March 2018. 
  21. ^ "Ward population 2011". Retrieved 17 April 2015. 

Further reading

  • Phillips, John Roland. The History of Cilgerran; J Russell Smith (1867) [1]

External links

  • Information about Cilgerran
  • Cilgerran Community Council
  • Photographs of Cilgerran and the surrounding area on Geograph
  • A Vision of Britain through Time: Cilgerran (historical background)
  • Cilgerran (Visit Pembrokeshire); local information
Preceding station Historical railways Following station
Boncath   Great Western Railway
Whitland & Cardigan Railway
  Cardigan
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