Christian County, Missouri

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Christian County, Missouri
Christian County MO Courthouse 20151022-158.jpg
Map of Missouri highlighting Christian County
Location in the U.S. state of Missouri
Map of the United States highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
Founded March 8, 1859[1]
Named for William Christian
Seat Ozark
Largest city Nixa
Area
 • Total 564 sq mi (1,461 km2)
 • Land 563 sq mi (1,458 km2)
 • Water 1.2 sq mi (3 km2), 0.2%
Population (est.)
 • (2015) 83,279
 • Density 138/sq mi (53/km2)
Congressional district 7th
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5
Website christiancountymo.gov

Christian County is a county located in the southwestern part of the U.S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 77,422.[2] Its county seat is Ozark.[3] The county was organized in 1859 and is named after William Christian, a Kentucky soldier of the American Revolutionary War.[4]

Christian County is part of the Springfield, MO Metropolitan Statistical Area. Between 2000 and 2010, it was the fastest growing county in Missouri and one of the fastest growing in the nation as the county became more suburban due to the booming growth in Springfield.[5]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 564 square miles (1,460 km2), of which 563 square miles (1,460 km2) is land and 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2) (0.2%) is water.[6] The county is drained by James River and branches of the White River. The surface is undulating or hilly.[7]

Adjacent counties

Major highways

National protected area

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 5,491
1870 6,707 22.1%
1880 9,628 43.6%
1890 14,017 45.6%
1900 16,939 20.8%
1910 15,832 −6.5%
1920 15,252 −3.7%
1930 13,169 −13.7%
1940 13,538 2.8%
1950 12,412 −8.3%
1960 12,359 −0.4%
1970 15,124 22.4%
1980 22,402 48.1%
1990 32,644 45.7%
2000 54,285 66.3%
2010 77,422 42.6%
Est. 2017 85,432 [8] 10.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790–1960[10] 1900–1990[11]
1990–2000[12] 2010–2015[2]

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 54,285 people, 20,425 households, and 15,645 families residing in the county. The population density was 96 people per square mile (37/km2). There were 21,827 housing units at an average density of 39 per square mile (15/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.31% White, 0.27% Black or African American, 0.56% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.42% from other races, and 1.13% from two or more races. Approximately 1.32% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 23.7% were of American, 21.1% German, 12.3% English and 11.3% Irish ancestry.

There were 20,425 households out of which 38.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.00% were married couples living together, 9.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.40% were non-families. 19.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.80% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 31.70% from 25 to 44, 21.80% from 45 to 64, and 10.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $50,200, and the median income for a family was $58,806. Males had a median income of $31,929 versus $21,852 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,873. About 7.10% of families and 9.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.20% of those under age 18 and 7.80% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Local

Christian County, Missouri
Elected countywide officials
Assessor Danny Gray Republican
Circuit Clerk Barbie Barnett-Stillings Republican
County Clerk Kay Brown Republican
Collector Ted Nichols Republican
Commissioner
(Presiding)
Ray Weter Republican
Commissioner
(District 1)
Ralph Phillips Republican
Commissioner
(District 2)
Hosea Bilyeu Republican
Coroner Mandi Armintage Republican
Prosecuting Attorney Amy Fite Republican
Public Administrator Ken Davis Republican
Recorder Kelly Hall Republican
Sheriff Brad Cole Republican
Treasurer Karen Matthews Republican

The Republican Party controls politics at the local level in Christian County. The Republicans hold all of the elected positions in the county.

On May 20, 2015, Sheriff Joey Kyle plead guilty to embezzling county funds and participating in an illegal fraud scheme. As a part of a plea agreement, he immediately resigned as sheriff, was sentenced to one year plus one day in federal prison, and must repay more than $50,000 in restitution to Christian County.[14]

State

Past Gubernatorial Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 68.97% 28,618 27.94% 11,593 3.09% 1,285
2012 58.01% 21,902 39.73% 15,000 2.26% 852
2008 49.65% 18,556 47.73% 17,840 2.61% 977
2004 68.61% 21,400 30.27% 9,443 1.12% 348
2000 58.90% 13,646 39.49% 9,148 1.61% 373
1996 56.69% 10,559 40.22% 7,491 3.10% 577

Christian County is divided into three legislative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives, all of which are represented by Republicans.

  • District 138 — Don Phillips (R-Kimberling City). Consists of the communities of Billings and part of Republic.
Missouri House of Representatives — District 138 — Christian County (2016)[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Don Phillips 1,865 100.00%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 138 — Christian County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Don Phillips 856 100.00%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 138 — Christian County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Don Phillips 1,625 100.00%
  • District 139 — Rep. Jered Taylor (R-Nixa). Consists of the communities of Clever, Highlandville, Nixa, and Spokane.
Missouri House of Representatives — District 139 — Christian County (2016)[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Jared Taylor 16,991 100.00%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 139 — Christian County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Jered Taylor 7,528 100.00% +28.86
Missouri House of Representatives — District 139 — Christian County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Kevin Elmer 12,375 71.14%
Democratic Bob Rubino 5,020 28.86%
  • District 140 — Rep. Lynn Morris (R-Ozark). Consists of the communities of Freemont Hills, Ozark, Saddlebrook, and Sparta.
Missouri House of Representatives — District 140 — Christian County (2016)[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Lynn Morris 14,371 75.80% +3.45
Democratic Jim Billedo 4,175 22.02% +1.27
Green Robert Debbaut 413 2.18% +2.18
Missouri House of Representatives — District 140 — Christian County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Lynn Morris 7,151 79.25% -20.75
Democratic Jim Billedo 1,872 20.75% +20.75
Missouri House of Representatives — District 140 — Christian County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Lynn Morris 15,284 100.00%

All of Christian County is a part of Missouri's 20th District in the Missouri Senate and is currently represented by Jay Wasson (R-Nixa).

Missouri Senate — District 20 — Christian County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Jay Wasson 16,395 100.00%

Federal

U.S. Senate — Missouri — Christian County (2016)[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Roy Blunt 27,812 66.93% +12.53
Democratic Jason Kander 11,857 28.53% -9.67
Libertarian Jonathan Dine 1,113 2.68% -4.72
Green Johnathan McFarland 356 0.86% +0.86
Constitution Fred Ryman 418 1.00% +1.00
U.S. Senate — Missouri — Christian County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Todd Akin 20,383 54.40%
Democratic Claire McCaskill 14,312 38.20%
Libertarian Jonathan Dine 2,774 7.40%

All of Christian County is included in Missouri's 7th Congressional District and is currently represented by Billy Long (R-Springfield) in the U.S. House of Representatives.

U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri's 7th Congressional District — Christian County (2016)[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Billy Long 28,849 70.50% +6.41
Democratic Genevieve Williams 9,890 24.17% -1.75
Libertarian Benjamin T. Brixey 2,179 5.33% -4.66
U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri's 7th Congressional District — Christian County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Billy Long 12,261 64.09% -2.08
Democratic Jim Evans 4,959 25.92% -2.04
Libertarian Kevin Craig 1,910 9.99% +4.12
U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri's 7th Congressional District — Christian County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Billy Long 24,505 66.17%
Democratic Jim Evans 10,353 27.96%
Libertarian Kevin Craig 2,174 5.87%

Political culture

Presidential elections results
Presidential Elections Results[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 73.9% 30,946 20.3% 8,508 5.8% 2,409
2012 72.4% 27,473 25.9% 9,813 1.8% 678
2008 67.1% 25,382 31.4% 11,883 1.5% 572
2004 70.5% 22,102 28.9% 9,059 0.6% 187
2000 63.8% 14,824 34.0% 7,896 2.2% 508
1996 51.0% 9,477 35.6% 6,627 13.4% 2,491
1992 43.3% 7,422 36.4% 6,242 20.3% 3,481
1988 61.7% 7,670 38.0% 4,724 0.4% 46
1984 70.3% 7,634 29.7% 3,223
1980 63.3% 6,487 34.2% 3,502 2.6% 262
1976 53.9% 4,553 45.4% 3,830 0.7% 59
1972 76.4% 6,305 23.6% 1,945
1968 64.4% 4,019 25.4% 1,586 10.2% 633
1964 55.0% 3,232 45.0% 2,646
1960 74.0% 4,627 26.0% 1,622
1956 68.3% 3,732 31.7% 1,730
1952 76.2% 4,440 23.6% 1,374 0.2% 10
1948 66.1% 3,129 33.8% 1,600 0.1% 6
1944 78.5% 4,167 21.4% 1,134 0.2% 9
1940 72.1% 4,509 27.7% 1,729 0.2% 15
1936 61.9% 4,022 37.9% 2,462 0.3% 17
1932 47.4% 2,395 51.0% 2,577 1.6% 83
1928 75.8% 3,576 23.8% 1,124 0.4% 21
1924 62.8% 2,692 29.9% 1,281 7.4% 316
1920 78.1% 3,795 18.9% 919 2.9% 143
1916 64.4% 1,978 30.5% 938 5.1% 157
1912 39.6% 1,203 26.1% 793 34.4% 1,046
1908 61.1% 1,871 31.2% 956 7.7% 236
1904 66.1% 1,947 29.6% 871 4.3% 126
1900 59.6% 2,107 37.5% 1,326 2.9% 103
1896 53.3% 1,983 46.5% 1,729 0.2% 7
1892 54.3% 1,559 22.8% 653 22.9% 658
1888 55.0% 1,541 28.4% 795 16.6% 466

Like most counties situated in Southwest Missouri, Christian County is a Republican stronghold in presidential elections. George W. Bush carried Christian County in 2000 and 2004 by more than two-to-one margins, and like many other rural and exurban counties throughout Missouri, Christian County strongly favored John McCain over Barack Obama in 2008. The only Democratic Presidential candidate to win Christian County since the Civil War has been Franklin Delano Roosevelt in 1932.[17]

Like most areas throughout the Bible Belt in Southwest Missouri, voters in Christian County traditionally adhere to socially and culturally conservative principles which tend to strongly influence their Republican leanings. In 2004, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to define marriage as the union between a man and a woman—it overwhelmingly passed Christian County with 80.46 percent of the vote. The initiative passed the state with 71 percent of support from voters as Missouri became the first state to ban same-sex marriage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to fund and legalize embryonic stem cell research in the state—it failed in Christian County with 58.98 percent voting against the measure. The initiative narrowly passed the state with 51 percent of support from voters as Missouri became one of the first states in the nation to approve embryonic stem cell research. Despite Christian County’s longstanding tradition of supporting socially conservative platforms, voters in the county have a penchant for advancing populist causes like increasing the minimum wage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a proposition (Proposition B) to increase the minimum wage in the state to $6.50 an hour—it passed Christian County with 73.01 percent of the vote. The proposition strongly passed every single county in Missouri with 78.99 percent voting in favor as the minimum wage was increased to $6.50 an hour in the state. During the same election, voters in five other states also strongly approved increases in the minimum wage.

Missouri Presidential Preference Primary (2008)

Christian County, Missouri
2008 Republican primary in Missouri
John McCain 2,943 (24.37%)
Mike Huckabee 5,852 (48.46%)
Mitt Romney 2,748 (22.75%)
Ron Paul 416 (3.44%)
Christian County, Missouri
2008 Democratic primary in Missouri
Hillary Clinton 4,308 (57.68%)
Barack Obama 2,982 (39.93%)
John Edwards (withdrawn) 145 (1.94%)

Voters in Christian County from both political parties supported candidates who finished in second place in the state at large and nationally.

  • Former Governor Mike Huckabee (R-Arkansas) received more votes, a total of 5,852, than any candidate from either party in Christian County during the 2008 Missouri Presidential Preference Primary.

Education

Public schools

  • Billings R-IV School District - Billings
    • Billings Elementary School (PK-06)
    • Billings High School (07-12)
  • Chadwick R-I School District - Chadwick
    • Chadwick Elementary School (PK-06)
    • Chadwick High School (07-12)
  • Clever R-V School District - Clever
    • Clever Elementary School (PK-03)
    • Clever Upper Elementary School (04-05)
    • Clever Middle School (06-08)
    • Clever High School (09-12)
  • Nixa R-II School District - Nixa
    • High Pointe Elementary School (K-04)
    • Main Street Elementary School (PK-06)
    • Mathews Elementary School (K-04)
    • Nicholas A. Inman Elementary School (05-06)
    • Century Elementary School (K-04)
    • Espy Elementary School (K-04)
    • John Thomas Elementary School (K-04)
    • Nixa Jr. High School (07-08)
    • Nixa Public High School (09-12)
  • Ozark R-VI School District - Ozark
    • North Elementary School (K-04)
    • East Elementary School (K-04)
    • West Elementary School (K-04)
    • South Elementary School (K-04)
    • Upper Elementary School (05-06)
    • Ozark Jr. High School (07-08)
    • Ozark High School (09-12)
  • Sparta R-III School District - Sparta
    • Sparta Elementary School (PK-05)
    • Sparta Middle School (06-08)
    • Sparta High School (09-12)
  • Spokane R-VII School District - Spokane
    • Highlandville Elementary School (PK-05) - Highlandville
    • Spokane Middle School (06-08)
    • Spokane High School (09-12)

Private schools

  • Faith Christian School - Spokane - (PK-12) - Baptist

Colleges and universities

Public libraries

  • Christian County Library[18]

Public safety

  • Billings Fire Protection District
  • Billings Police Department
  • Chadwick Fire Protection District - Chadwick
  • Christian County Ambulance District
  • Christian County Sheriff's Department
  • Clever Fire Protection District
  • Clever Police Department
  • Highlandville Fire Protection District
  • Highlandville Police Department
  • Nixa Fire Protection District
  • Nixa Police Department
  • Ozark Fire Protection District
  • Ozark Police Department
  • Sparta Fire Protection District
  • Sparta Police Department

Communities

Cities

Village

Census-designated place

Other unincorporated communities

Townships

In popular culture

The 2010 film Winter's Bone was filmed entirely in Taney County and Christian County. Many locals were cast in significant roles in the film.

See also

References

  1. ^ "History of Christian County". Christian County, Mo. Retrieved November 23, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 7, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011. 
  4. ^ Eaton, David Wolfe (1916). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. p. 275. 
  5. ^ Tang, Didi (11 February 2011). "New Census numbers: Christian County fastest growing in state". The Springfield News-Leader. Archived from the original on August 14, 2011. Retrieved February 18, 2013. 
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 21, 2013. Retrieved November 14, 2014. 
  7. ^ Wikisource Ripley, George; Dana, Charles A., eds. (1879). "Christian. III. A S. W. county of Missouri". The American Cyclopædia. 
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved November 14, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 14, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 14, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 14, 2014. 
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved May 14, 2011. 
  14. ^ "Going to jail: Christian County Sheriff admits to fraud and embezzlement". news-leader.com. Retrieved February 1, 2018. 
  15. ^ a b c d e "County Results - State of Missouri - 2016 General Election". Missouri Secretary of State. December 12, 2016. Retrieved April 22, 2017. 
  16. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved February 1, 2018. 
  17. ^ Menendez, Albert J.; The Geography of Presidential Elections in the United States, 1868–2004, pp. 239, 241, 244 ISBN 0786422173
  18. ^ Breeding, Marshall. "Christian County Library". Libraries.org. Retrieved May 8, 2017. 

External links

  • Official Website
  • Digitized 1930 Plat Book of Christian County from University of Missouri Division of Special Collections, Archives, and Rare Books

Coordinates: 36°58′N 93°11′W / 36.97°N 93.19°W / 36.97; -93.19

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