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Choreography is the art or practice of designing sequences of movements of physical bodies (or their depictions) in which motion, form, or both are specified. Choreography may also refer to the design itself. A choreographer is one who creates choreographies by practicing the art of choreography, a process known as choreographing. Choreography is used in a variety of fields, including musical theater, cheerleading, cinematography, gymnastics, fashion shows, ice skating, marching band, show choir, theatre, synchronized swimming, cardistry, video game production and animated art. In the performing arts, choreography applies to human movement and form. In dance, choreography is also known as dance choreography or dance composition.


The word choreography literally means "dance-writing" from the Greek words "χορεία" (circular dance, see choreia) and "γραφή" (writing). It first appeared in the American English dictionary in the 1950s,[1] and "choreographer" was first used as a credit for George Balanchine in the Broadway show On Your Toes in 1936.[2] Before this, stage credits and movie credits used phrases such as "ensembles staged by",[3] "dances staged by",[4] or simply "dances by" to denote the choreographer.[2]

Choreography research

While research in choreography is relatively new,[5] dance has developed within higher education as its own academic discipline.[6] [7]

See also


  1. ^ Presented by Amanda Wilde (2006-10-26). "Frankie Manning: Lindy Hop Pioneer". Radio Intersection. [Seattle, WA]. 12:31 minutes in. KUOW Puget Sound Public Radio. 
  2. ^ a b Taper, Bernard (1996). George Balanchine: A Biography. University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-20639-8. , p. 180
  3. ^ Mark Sandrich (Director) (1935). Top Hat (DVD). RKO Radio Pictures. Event occurs at 00:01:15. Retrieved 2007-08-08. Ensembles Staged by Hermes Pan 
  4. ^ Edward Cahn (Director) (1942). Our Gang in "Melodies Old and New" (DVD). Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. Event occurs at 00:00:20. Retrieved 2007-08-07. Dancer Staged by Steven Granger and Gladys Rubens 
  5. ^ Hagood, Thomas K.; Kahlich, Luke C. (2007). International Handbook of Research in Arts Education. Springer International Handbook of Research in Arts Education. Springer, Dordrecht. pp. 517–531. doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-3052-9_33. ISBN 9781402029981. 
  6. ^ Chapman, Judith (2007-12-01). "Philosophical aesthetics and the study of dance as an academic discipline – a context". Research in Dance Education. 8 (2): 185–186. doi:10.1080/14647890701791539. ISSN 1464-7893. 
  7. ^ Hagood, Thomas K. (2000). A history of dance in American higher education : dance and the American university. Lewiston, N.Y.: E. Mellen Press. ISBN 9780773477995. OCLC 43227304. 

External links

  • Media related to Choreography at Wikimedia Commons
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