Choibalsan (city)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Choibalsan
Чойбалсан
ᠴᠣᠶᠢᠪᠠᠯᠰᠠᠩ
District
Herlen District
Хэрлэн сум
ᠬᠡᠷᠦᠯᠦᠨ ᠰᠤᠮᠤ
Bridge over the Kherlen River in Choibalsan (taken in 1972)
Bridge over the Kherlen River in Choibalsan (taken in 1972)
Choibalsan is located in Mongolia
Choibalsan
Choibalsan
Coordinates: 48°04′42″N 114°32′06″E / 48.07833°N 114.53500°E / 48.07833; 114.53500
Country Mongolia
Province Dornod Province
Area
 • Total 281 km2 (108 sq mi)
Elevation 747 m (2,451 ft)
Population (2017)
 • Total 44,835
 • Density 160/km2 (410/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (UTC + 8)
Area code(s) +976 (0)158
Website www.dornod.gov.mn

Choibalsan (Mongolian: Чойбалсан) is the fourth-largest city in Mongolia after Ulaanbaatar, Darkhan, and Erdenet. The name of the city was Bayan Tümen (Баян Түмэн) until 1941, when it was renamed after the communist leader Khorloogiin Choibalsan. It is the capital of the province of Dornod. The city administrative unit's official name is Kherlen sum, with area of 281 square kilometres or 108 square miles. It is situated at the Kherlen River, at an elevation of 747 metres or 2,451 feet above sea level.

History

The location has been a post on a trading route for centuries. In the 19th century it grew into a city, and became the economic hub of eastern Mongolia in the twentieth century and is still serving as an active economic center for the Eastern Mongolia.

Due to the city’s proximity to the site of the Battle of Khalkhin Gol, it contains a museum dedicated to Georgy Zhukov, hero of the battle.

Population

The city of Choibalsan has a population of 45,490 (1994), 41,714 (2000), 36,142 (2003), 39,500 (2006),[1] 39,500 (2007, 53.2% of the Dornod Aimag’s total population),[2] 38,150 (2008 51.2% of the Aimag's population).[3]

Choibalsan is inhabited primarily by Halh Mongols, with smaller numbers of Buryats, Barga Mongols, and Üzemchin. There is also a minority of immigrants from China who now constitutes the only China Town in Mongolia outside Ulaanbaatar. This is a place worth of a short visit for outsiders.

Climate

Choibalsan experiences a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk) with very cold, very dry winters and warm, wetter summers. In terms of temperatures it closely resembles a humid continental climate, but falls short of that classification due to the very dry winters. Extreme temperatures range from a minimum of −41.6 °C (−42.9 °F) to a maximum of 41.2 °C (106.2 °F),[4] recorded on June 25, 2010.[5]

Climate data for Choibalsan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 1.3
(34.3)
8.4
(47.1)
21.4
(70.5)
29.5
(85.1)
36.8
(98.2)
41.2
(106.2)
39.1
(102.4)
38.3
(100.9)
31.6
(88.9)
28.0
(82.4)
15.2
(59.4)
3.5
(38.3)
41.2
(106.2)
Average high °C (°F) −14.4
(6.1)
−10.7
(12.7)
−0.5
(31.1)
10.5
(50.9)
19.0
(66.2)
24.9
(76.8)
26.6
(79.9)
24.4
(75.9)
18.0
(64.4)
8.8
(47.8)
−3.4
(25.9)
−11.8
(10.8)
7.6
(45.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) −20.5
(−4.9)
−17.7
(0.1)
−7.8
(18)
2.6
(36.7)
11.3
(52.3)
17.6
(63.7)
19.8
(67.6)
17.9
(64.2)
10.6
(51.1)
1.5
(34.7)
−9.8
(14.4)
−17.6
(0.3)
0.7
(33.2)
Average low °C (°F) −25.5
(−13.9)
−23.9
(−11)
−14.8
(5.4)
−4.1
(24.6)
3.8
(38.8)
10.8
(51.4)
14.4
(57.9)
12.1
(53.8)
4.9
(40.8)
−4.2
(24.4)
−15.2
(4.6)
−22.7
(−8.9)
−5.4
(22.3)
Record low °C (°F) −41.6
(−42.9)
−38.3
(−36.9)
−36.6
(−33.9)
−20.3
(−4.5)
−8.7
(16.3)
0.5
(32.9)
4.4
(39.9)
2.1
(35.8)
−6.0
(21.2)
−20.3
(−4.5)
−29.9
(−21.8)
−36.4
(−33.5)
−41.6
(−42.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1.6
(0.063)
1.9
(0.075)
2.9
(0.114)
6.3
(0.248)
14.4
(0.567)
39.0
(1.535)
57.4
(2.26)
43.3
(1.705)
27.2
(1.071)
7.7
(0.303)
3.3
(0.13)
2.6
(0.102)
207.6
(8.173)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 0.6 1.0 0.7 1.6 3.2 5.7 8.7 8.1 4.6 1.6 1.1 0.9 37.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 198.5 212.0 266.1 264.0 294.9 307.3 297.9 287.1 258.2 239.2 199.5 177.6 3,002.3
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [6]

Transportation

The Choibalsan Airport (COQ/ZMCD) has one paved runway, and is served by regular flights to Ulaanbaatar, and Hailar and Manzhouli in Inner Mongolia, China.

References

  1. ^ Dornod Aimag: Статистикийн мэдээлэл 2006 (Statistical information), 2007-01-16
  2. ^ Dornod Aimag Statistics Office
  3. ^ Dornod Aimag Statistics Office.Dec. 2008 Report Archived 2011-07-22 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ "Extreme Temperatures Around the World". Retrieved 13 January 2013.
  5. ^ "Climate Choibalsan - year 2010". Retrieved 13 January 2013.
  6. ^ "Choibalsan Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 13, 2013.
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Choibalsan_(city)&oldid=857265143"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choibalsan_(city)
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Choibalsan (city)"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA