Chloric acid

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Chloric acid
Chloric acid
Chloric acid
Names
Other names
Chloric(V) acid
Identifiers
  • 7790-93-4
3D model (JSmol)
  • Interactive image
ChemSpider
  • 18513
ECHA InfoCard 100.029.303
EC Number 232-233-0
PubChem CID
  • 19654
UNII
  • Z0V9L75H3K
UN number 2626
Properties
HClO3
Molar mass 84.45914 g mol−1
Appearance colourless solution
Density 1 g/mL, solution (approximate)
>40 g/100 ml (20 °C)
Acidity (pKa) ~ −1
Conjugate base Chlorate
Structure
pyramidal
Hazards
Main hazards Oxidant, Corrosive
Safety data sheet See: data page
GHS pictograms The flame-over-circle pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)The corrosion pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)
GHS signal word Danger
H271, H314
P210, P220, P221, P260, P264, P280, P283, P301+330+331, P303+361+353, P304+340, P305+351+338, P306+360, P310, P321, P363, P370+378, P371+380+375, P405, P501
NFPA 704
Flammability code 0: Will not burn. E.g., water Health code 3: Short exposure could cause serious temporary or residual injury. E.g., chlorine gas Reactivity code 2: Undergoes violent chemical change at elevated temperatures and pressures, reacts violently with water, or may form explosive mixtures with water. E.g., phosphorus Special hazard OX: Oxidizer. E.g., potassium perchlorateNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
0
3
2
Related compounds
Other anions
bromic acid
iodic acid
Other cations
ammonium chlorate
sodium chlorate
potassium chlorate
Related compounds
hydrochloric acid
hypochlorous acid
chlorous acid
perchloric acid
Supplementary data page
Refractive index (n),
Dielectric constantr), etc.
Thermodynamic
data
Phase behaviour
solid–liquid–gas
UV, IR, NMR, MS
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

Chloric acid, HClO3, is an oxoacid of chlorine, and the formal precursor of chlorate salts. It is a strong acid (pKa ≈ −1) and oxidizing agent.

Properties

Chloric acid is thermodynamically unstable with respect to disproportionation.

Chloric acid is stable in cold aqueous solution up to a concentration of approximately 30%, and solution of up to 40% can be prepared by careful evaporation under reduced pressure. Above these concentrations, chloric acid solutions decompose to give a variety of products, for example:

8 HClO3 → 4 HClO4 + 2 H2O + 2 Cl2 + 3 O2
3 HClO3 → HClO4 + H2O + 2 ClO2

Hazards

Chloric acid is a powerful oxidizing agent. Most organics and flammables will deflagrate on contact.

Production

It can be prepared by the reaction of sulfuric acid with barium chlorate, the insoluble barium sulfate being removed by precipitation:

Ba(ClO3)2 + H2SO4 → 2 HClO3 + BaSO4

Another method is the heating of hypochlorous acid, producing chloric acid and hydrogen chloride:

3 HClO → HClO3 + 2 HCl

See also

References

  • Greenwood, Norman N.; Earnshaw, Alan (1997). Chemistry of the Elements (2nd ed.). Butterworth-Heinemann. ISBN 0-08-037941-9.
  • R. Bruce King, ed. (1994). "Chloric acid". Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry. 2. Chichester: Wiley. p. 658. ISBN 0-471-93620-0.
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chloric_acid&oldid=863605393"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chloric_acid
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Chloric acid"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA