Chivu Stoica

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Chivu Stoica
Chivu Stoica 1957.jpg
President of the State Council
In office
24 March 1965 – 9 December 1967
Prime Minister Ion Gheorghe Maurer
Preceded by Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej
Succeeded by Nicolae Ceaușescu
48th Prime Minister of Romania
In office
21 October 1955 – 21 March 1961
Preceded by Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej
Succeeded by Ion Gheorghe Maurer
Personal details
Born (1908-08-08)8 August 1908
Smeeni, Romania
Died 18 February 1975(1975-02-18) (aged 66)
Bucharest, Romania
Political party Communist Party

Chivu Stoica (the family name being Chivu;[1][2] Smeeni, Buzău, 8 August 1908 – Bucharest, 18 February 1975) was a leading Romanian Communist politician, who served as 48th Prime Minister of Romania.

Early life

Stoica was born in Smeeni, Buzău County, the sixth child of a ploughman.[3] At age 12 he left home, and started working as an apprentice at Căile Ferate Române, the state railway corporation. In 1921, he moved to Bucharest, where he worked as a boilermaker at the Vulcan, Lemaître, and Malaxa companies. There he met Gheorghe Vasilichi, who recruited him into the Communist Party.[3]

Career

In spring 1931, Stoica started working for the Grivița Railway Yards, where he met Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej, Vasile Luca, and Constantin Doncea; together, they started organizing a strike.[3] On August 20, 1934, he was sentenced to 15 years of prison for his role in the Grivița Strike of 1933.[4] At Târgu Jiu prison, he was close to Gheorghiu-Dej, who may have wanted Stoica to be his successor as General Secretary.

He was a member of the Central Committee of the Romanian Worker's Party from 1945 to 1975, and of the Politburo. He served as Prime Minister of Romania between 1955 and 1961 and as President of the State Council of Romania (de facto head of state) from 1965 until 1967.

In his later years, he fell out of favour with Nicolae Ceaușescu and his wife Elena.

Death

His death, by a hunting rifle bullet to the head, was ruled a suicide.[5]

Family

His first wife was Ecaterina (b. Klein),[2] and his second one was Maria (b. Manolescu), an engineer, with whom he had a daughter.[6]

References

  1. ^ Tismaneanu, Vladimir. "Balta fetida a minciunii: Nepmanul Ponta intre bolsevism si peronism" (in Romanian). Retrieved June 12, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Dosarele de cadre ale Ceausestilor" (in Romanian). Retrieved June 12, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c (in Romanian) Paula Mihailov Chiciuc, "Din înaltul ordin al partidului", Jurnalul Național, July 18, 2006
  4. ^ (in Romanian) Stelian Tănase, Dej – omul resentimentului Archived 2007-10-10 at the Wayback Machine., from Magazin Istoric
  5. ^ (in Romanian) Chivu Stoica Archived 2012-03-19 at the Wayback Machine.. iiccr.ro
  6. ^ Betea, Lavinia (21 May 2013). ""Sinuciderea" lui Chivu Stoica, consilierul Pacepa şi traducătorul "savantei" Lenuţa". adevarul.ro. Retrieved June 12, 2014. 

External links

  • (in Romanian) Final Report of the Presidential Commission for the Study of the Communist Dictatorship in Romania, pp. 649–50
  • (in Romanian) Lavinia Betea, "Zvonurile 'epocii de aur'" ("Rumours from the 'Golden Age'"), Jurnalul Național, January 15, 2007
Party political offices
Preceded by
Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej
President of the State Council
24 March 1965–9 December 1967
Succeeded by
Nicolae Ceaușescu
Preceded by
Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej
Prime Minister of Romania
21 October 1955– 21 March 1961
Succeeded by
Ion Gheorghe Maurer
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