Chittenden County, Vermont

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Chittenden County, Vermont
ChittCountyCourthouse.JPG
Chittenden County Superior Court in Burlington
Map of Vermont highlighting Chittenden County
Location in the U.S. state of Vermont
Map of the United States highlighting Vermont
Vermont's location in the U.S.
Founded October 22, 1787
Shire Town Burlington
Largest city Burlington
Area
 • Total 619 sq mi (1,603 km2)
 • Land 537 sq mi (1,391 km2)
 • Water 83 sq mi (215 km2), 13%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 161,531
 • Density 298.4/sq mi (115/km²)
Congressional district At-large
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Chittenden County /ˈɪtəndən/ is the most populous county in the U.S. state of Vermont. As of the 2010 census, the population was 156,545.[1] The county's population estimate for 2016 was 161,531. Its shire town (seat) is Vermont's most populous municipality, the city of Burlington. The county has over a quarter of the state's population and more than twice the population of to Vermont's second most populous county of Rutland. The county also has more than twice the population density of Vermont's second most dense county of Washington. The county is named for Vermont's first governor and one of the framers of its Constitution as a Republic and state, Thomas Chittenden.

The county has most of Vermont's fastest growing municipalities. It is one of the three counties that comprise the Burlington metropolitan area, along with the counties of Franklin and Grand Isle to the north and northwest, respectively. The University of Vermont (UVM), Vermont's largest university, is located in the county, as well as its affiliated hospital, the UVM Medical Center (which is Vermont's largest hospital). Vermont's largest private employer (GlobalFoundries) and largest airport (Burlington International Airport) are in the localities of Essex Junction and South Burlington, respectively. The Vermont National Guard is based at Camp Johnson in the town of Colchester while their Air Guard is based at the Burlington International Airport.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 619 square miles (1,600 km2), of which 537 square miles (1,390 km2) is land and 83 square miles (210 km2) (13%) is water.[2] It is the third-smallest county in Vermont by area.

Originally, Chittenden County contained parts of other counties. It included all of today's Franklin, Grand Isle, and Lamoille counties, and parts of today's Orleans, Washington, and Addison counties.[3]

Western face of Mount Mansfield from Underhill, Vermont

The town of Underhill in Chittenden County is home to the highest summit within the state, Mount Mansfield, which has a peak elevation of 4,393 feet (1,339 m) above sea level.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 7,287
1800 12,778 75.4%
1810 18,120 41.8%
1820 16,955 −6.4%
1830 21,765 28.4%
1840 22,977 5.6%
1850 29,036 26.4%
1860 28,171 −3.0%
1870 36,480 29.5%
1880 32,792 −10.1%
1890 35,389 7.9%
1900 39,600 11.9%
1910 42,447 7.2%
1920 43,708 3.0%
1930 47,471 8.6%
1940 52,098 9.7%
1950 62,570 20.1%
1960 74,425 18.9%
1970 99,131 33.2%
1980 115,534 16.5%
1990 131,761 14.0%
2000 146,571 11.2%
2010 156,545 6.8%
Est. 2016 161,531 [4] 3.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790–1960[6] 1900–1990[7]
1990–2000[8] 2010–2016[1]

2014 U.S. Census Estimates

In 2014, there were 160,531 people, and 67,271 households. There were 67,271 households of which 36.23% had children under age 18 living with them, 52.9% were married couples living together, 7.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.70% were non-families. 24.31% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.72% had someone living alone who was age 65 or older. Average household size was 2.67 and average family size was 3.13.

In 2014, the county was 91.7% White, 2.4% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American and Alaska Native, 3.5% Asian, 0.01% Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, 2.1% Two or more races, and 2.8% Asian. Hispanic or Latino of any race made up 2.2% of the population.

In the county, age distribution was as follows: 18.7% under the age of 18, 15.23% from 18 to 24, 32.05% from 25 to 44, 20.82% from 45 to 64, and 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 94.06 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.30 males.

In 2007, census department estimates that Chittenden had the youngest average age in the state, 37.5. This compares with the actual census in 2000 of 34.2 years.[9]

In 2008, about 29% of the population lives alone. 59% of households consist of families. 38% of men and 35% of women, age 15 or older, have never married. 6% of the population were born in a foreign country, 8% of residents speak a language other than English at home.

From 2000 to 2008, residents left Chittenden in high numbers for places outside Vermont. Still, population increased slightly, in part due to immigration from foreign countries.[10]

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 156,545 people, 61,827 households, and 36,582 families residing in the county.[11] The population density was 291.7 inhabitants per square mile (112.6/km2). There were 65,722 housing units at an average density of 122.5 per square mile (47.3/km2).[12]

Of the 61,827 households, 28.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.4% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 40.8% were non-families, and 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.92. The median age was 36.2 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $59,878 and the median income for a family was $78,283. Males had a median income of $49,991 versus $39,213 for females. The per capita income for the county was $31,095. About 6.6% of families and 10.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.8% of those under age 18 and 6.8% of those age 65 or over.[13]

Government

As in all Vermont counties, there is a small executive function which is mostly consolidated at the state level. There is a County Sheriff and Chittenden County Sheriff's Department. The elected Sheriff is Democrat Kevin McLaughlin.[14] Remaining county government is judicial. There are no "county taxes."

In 2007, median property taxes in the county were $3,809, placing it 265th out of 1,817 counties in the nation with populations over 20,000. This was the highest in Vermont.[15]

Judicial

The state's attorney is Sarah George.[16]

Elections

Presidential Elections Results[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 22.3% 18,601 65.7% 54,814 12.0% 10,001
2012 28.0% 21,571 69.6% 53,626 2.4% 1,883
2008 26.7% 22,237 71.4% 59,611 1.9% 1,592
2004 34.0% 26,422 63.5% 49,369 2.5% 1,905
2000 36.3% 26,105 54.4% 39,156 9.4% 6,756
1996 29.8% 19,020 56.8% 36,299 13.4% 8,541
1992 27.2% 19,093 50.4% 35,314 22.4% 15,714
1988 47.8% 27,380 50.9% 29,185 1.4% 781
1984 54.1% 30,217 44.5% 24,830 1.4% 798
1980 39.0% 18,310 40.4% 18,967 20.6% 9,666
1976 53.2% 22,013 43.5% 17,992 3.3% 1,351
1972 58.1% 23,063 40.7% 16,163 1.2% 477
1968 45.3% 14,621 50.9% 16,420 3.8% 1,209
1964 29.3% 9,050 70.7% 21,817
1960 43.5% 13,072 56.5% 16,959
1956 57.4% 14,108 42.6% 10,474
1952 57.9% 13,533 41.7% 9,746 0.5% 106
1948 48.0% 8,509 50.2% 8,903 1.8% 327
1944 41.1% 7,513 59.0% 10,788
1940 41.6% 7,926 58.1% 11,069 0.4% 66
1936 41.3% 7,757 58.4% 10,962 0.3% 56
1932 43.9% 7,208 55.4% 9,104 0.8% 123
1928 47.3% 8,156 52.5% 9,052 0.2% 27
1924 71.0% 8,008 23.6% 2,658 5.5% 620
1920 66.4% 7,215 32.8% 3,564 0.8% 86
1916 56.9% 3,786 41.6% 2,772 1.5% 102
1912 36.8% 2,368 35.2% 2,266 28.0% 1,801
1908 68.3% 3,806 29.6% 1,650 2.1% 117
1904 70.6% 3,848 26.3% 1,432 3.1% 170
1900 67.3% 3,907 31.4% 1,822 1.4% 80
1896 75.3% 4,743 22.5% 1,416 2.3% 143
1892 62.6% 3,418 35.7% 1,952 1.7% 92
1888 65.6% 4,149 30.7% 1,940 3.8% 237

Economy

Personal income

According to the U.S. Census, the median household income for the years 2007 and 2011 was $62,260. The per capita income for the same period was $32,533.[18]

As of the 2010 U.S. Census, the median income for a household in the county was $63,989, and the median income for a family was $59,460. Males had a median income of $38,541 versus $27,853 for females. The per capita income for the county was $33,281. About 4.90% of families and 8.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.00% of those under age 18 and 8.20% of those age 65 or over.[19]

Industry

Burton Snowboards is headquartered in Burlington.

Essex Junction is home to GlobalFoundries' Burlington Design Center and 200 mm wafer fabrication plant. GlobalFoundries is the largest private employer in the state of Vermont, with approximately 3,000 employees.[20]

Burton Snowboards employs 500 people with a payroll of $28 million in 2008.[21]

Retailing

The Church Street Marketplace in downtown Burlington

One measure of economic activity is retail sales. In 2007, Chittenden led the state with 29% of sales, as measured by sales tax reports. This amounted to US$1.52 billion.[22] Four local cities stood among the top five areas in the state: 1- Williston, 2-South Burlington, 4-Colchester, and 5-Burlington.

Real estate

In 2008, a vacancy rate for office space reached 11%, and was called "historic."[23]

Education

There are several school districts within the county, including Burlington, Winooski and Chittenden East.[24] Teachers salaries in 2007–8 varied from lows of $33,000 to $38,000 annually. Top salaries ranged from $66,000 to $79,000. Teachers pay from 10–20% of their health premiums with many contracts at 12%.[25]

Higher education

The University of Vermont is Vermont's public flagship research university and is situated in Burlington.

Chittenden County is home to the University of Vermont and Champlain College, which are located in the city of Burlington. Saint Michael's College, the Vermont Center of Southern New Hampshire University, and a branch campus of Albany College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences (Vermont's first pharmacy school) are in the town of Colchester. A branch of the Community College of Vermont is located in Winooski and a satellite campus of Vermont Technical College is in Williston.

Personal health and safety

In the first national survey by Robert Wood Johnson and the University of Wisconsin in 2010, Vermont ranked the highest in the country for health outcomes. The top county in Vermont was Chittenden.[26]

Infrastructure

Consistent with the rest of New England and other counties in the state of Vermont, the county has little formal county government. There are a few agencies that serve county-wide. One is the Chittenden County Solid Waste District.

Solid waste

In 2008, the Solid Waste District announced that it would charge trash haulers $17/ton for recyclables. Formerly it was paying $7/ton. The global economy has reduced the demand for recycled materials.[27]

Roads

Interstate 89 crosses Chittenden County initially from east to west, then makes a northward turn in South Burlington to run north along the Lake Champlain shoreline. The full trajectory is generally from southeast to northwest. There are seven interchanges within the county. Four of the interchanges provide direct access to U.S. Route 2, which parallels the interstate throughout most of the county. U.S. Route 7, the county's main north-south surface route, is also directly accessible from two interchanges.

The Chittenden County Metropolitan Planning Organization measures traffic, analyzes road conditions, and allocates federal and state funds accordingly.[28]

Interstate 89 Exit 17 in Colchester (June 5, 2015)

Athletics

There is a private, amateur Champlain Valley Swim League with nine members, mostly from Chittenden.[29]

Communities

Cities

Towns

Villages

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

In Vermont, gores and grants are unincorporated portions of a county which are not part of any town and have limited self-government (if any, as many are uninhabited).

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 30, 2013. 
  2. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved June 28, 2015. 
  3. ^ [1] Archived October 24, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 28, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 28, 2015. 
  7. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 28, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved June 28, 2015. 
  9. ^ Sutkowski, Matt (August 7, 2008). Census: State older, a little more diverse. Burlington Free Press. 
  10. ^ Sutkowski, Matt (July 2, 2009). CENSUS: Vermont grows slowly. Burlington Free Press. 
  11. ^ a b "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-20. 
  12. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-20. 
  13. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-20. 
  14. ^ "Chittenden County Sheriff's Office". 
  15. ^ McLean, Dan (December 17, 2008). Property tax bills among highest. Burlington Free Press. 
  16. ^ Template:Http://www.burlingtonfreepress.com/story/news/local/2017/01/30/meet-sarah-george-new-chittenden-county-states-attorney/96926574/
  17. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  18. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 17 March 2013. 
  19. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  20. ^ [2] by VTDigger.org. Retrieved 2015-07-14.
  21. ^ Carpenter, Jake Burton (November 30, 2008). Letter to the Editor (My Turn): Protests do no credit to Vermont. Burlington Free Press. 
  22. ^ McLean, Dan (July 13, 2008). Retail Sales By The Numbers. Burlington Free Press. 
  23. ^ McLean, Don (December 11, 2008). Vacant office space hits record high. Burlington Free Press. 
  24. ^ Richmond, Huntingdon, Undeerhill, Bolton and Jericho
  25. ^ Walsh, Molly (August 24, 2008). Teachers unions working on contracts. Burlington Free Press. 
  26. ^ "County Health Rankings: National Comparisons". Robert Wood Johnson and the University of Wisconsin. 2010. Archived from the original on 2010-02-20. 
  27. ^ Burlington Free Press, Waste district raises recycling fees, Page, Candace, November 12, 2008
  28. ^ Shamy, Ed (16 August 2007). "Watch backside when entering this intersection". Burlington, Vermont: Burlington Free Press. pp. 1B. 
  29. ^ Wells, Alison (26 July 2009). "Tight duel in the pool". Burlington, Vermont: Burlington Free Press. pp. 1C. 

External links

  • Chittenden County Sheriff's Office
  • National Register of Historic Places listing for Chittenden Co., Vermont
  • Lake Champlain Regional Chamber of Commerce Business and tourism information.

Coordinates: 44°27′N 73°05′W / 44.45°N 73.09°W / 44.45; -73.09

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