Chitta Basu (politician)

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Chitta Basu
General Secretary of All India Forward Bloc
In office
19 March 1979 – 5 October 1997
Preceded by R. K. Haldulkar
Succeeded by Debabrata Biswas
Member of parliament, Lok Sabha for Barasat
In office
1989 – 5 October 1997
Preceded by Tarun Kanti Ghosh
Succeeded by Ranjit Kumar Panja
In office
Preceded by Ranendranath Sen
Succeeded by Tarun Kanti Ghosh
Member of the West Bengal Legislative Assembly for Barasat
In office
Preceded by Amulyadhan Mukhopadhyay
Succeeded by H. K. Basu
Personal details
Born 25 December 1926
Dacca, Bengal Presidency, British India
(now Dhaka, Bangladesh)
Died 5 October 1997(1997-10-05) (aged 70)
Bihar, India
Nationality Indian
Political party Forward Bloc
Alma mater University of Calcutta

Chitta Basu (25 December 1926 – 5 October 1997) was an Indian politician and a leader of the All India Forward Bloc.[1] He served as the General Secretary of the party from 1977 till his death in 1997.[2] In his obituary, The Indian Express described Basu as belonging to the rare tribe of politicians who did politics for a cause and practiced what they preached.[3] Barasat was his Indian Parliamentary constituency for over two decades.


Basu graduated from Daulatpur College in Khulna district (British India). He later earned his masters from the University of Calcutta.

Political life

Chitta Basu joined the Forward Bloc formed by Subhas Chandra Bose in 1939, after Bose resigned from the Indian National Congress. Basu worked for the party since he had joined it as a promising student leader in 1945. He rose to become the party's youth wing, All-India Yuba League's general secretary in 1947–48. After India's partition, Basu immersed himself in refugee rehabilitation work. In 1972, he became the party's central committee member and then the general secretary in March 1979, after the 10th Party Congress succeeding R. K. Haldulkar,[4] a post that he held until his death.[3]

In 1957, Basu was first elected to the West Bengal state legislative assembly from Barasat of the then undivided 24 Parganas district. In 1966, he became a member of the Rajya Sabha. He was elected to the 6th Lok Sabha from Barasat constituency in 1977, before getting re-elected in 1980, 1989, 1991 and 1996 from the same constituency. In 1996, he became a member of the United Front steering committee.[citation needed]

Basu was one of the All India Forward Bloc leaders who struggled for the party's survival immediately after independence; other political parties (particularly Left and a section of Indian socialists) abused the Forward Bloc over Bose's alliance with the Axis.[citation needed]


Basu died of a cardiac arrest on the Howrah-bound Danapur Express between Madhupur and Jasidih railway stations in Bihar in the early morning of 5 October 1997. He was returning to Calcutta after attending an anti-Lalu Prasad Yadav rally organised by a 17-party left and democratic front in Patna.[3] Travelling alone in an AC first class coupe, he complained of abdominal pain to a railway attendant soon after the train left Patna.[5] Soon, a wireless message was sent to the Jhajha station, before he was examined and given medication. He was found dead at around 2:30 a.m. (IST) when doctors boarded the train to check his condition at the Madhupur station.[3]

See also


  1. ^ Mishra, Mayank (6 October 1997). "Chitta Basu: A Man Of Determination And Courage". Business Standard. Archived from the original on 12 October 2018. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
  2. ^ "Forward Bloc leader Chitta Basu dead". 6 October 1997. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d Banerjee, Santanu (6 October 1997). "Chitta Basu dies in sleep aboard Howrah-bound train". The Indian Express. Archived from the original on 23 August 1999.
  4. ^ "History – AIFB". Archived from the original on 13 October 2018. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  5. ^ "Quicktakes -- Chitta Basu is dead". The Indian Express. 6 October 1997. Archived from the original on 5 November 1999. Retrieved 12 October 2018.

External links

  • "General Secretary : Chitta Basu (1979)". Archived from the original on 17 October 2016.

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