Chief of the Romanian General Staff

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Chief of Romanian General Staff
Şeful Statului Major General
Statul Major General.jpg
Coat of arms of the Romanian General Staff
1 1 SMG steag.jpg
Identification flag of the Romanian General Staff (reverse and obverse)
Nicolae-Ionel Ciucă.jpg
Incumbent
General-locotenent Nicolae-Ionel Ciucă

since 1 January 2015
Romanian Armed Forces
Appointer Klaus Iohannis
President of Romania
Term length 4 years, can be extended up to 5 years
Formation 12 November 1859
First holder Grigore Gărdescu
Website http://smg.mapn.ro/

The Chief of General Staff (Romanian: Şeful Statului Major General) is the highest professional military authority in the Romanian Armed Forces. He is appointed by the President of Romania, at the National Defense Minister’s proposal (with the approval of the Prime Minister) on a four-year period, with the possibility of one year extension. The Deputy Chief of General Staff or one of the Chiefs of the Services can be appointed in this position.

Role of the General Staff

According to Law no. 346 from 21 July 2006 (art. 12), the General Staff provides for:

  • Force command;
  • Organization;
  • Planning and making operational;
  • Gradual increase of readiness levels;
  • RAF’s mobilization;
  • Conduct of joint operations;
  • Troops’ training;
  • Basic and specialty training of the active-duty and reserve military personnel;
  • Military personnel individual career management;
  • Armaments planning;
  • Standardization in the military field;
  • Implementation of the C4ISR, logistic and infrastructure system;
  • Conduct of the international military relations;
  • Religious assistance in the MoND;
  • Signing technical agreements with other states armed forces;
  • Promotion of the military culture and civil education values.

The Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee is established at the level of the General Staff. The Committee is a deliberative structure, having a consultative role. The Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee meets to discuss important topics with regard to the Romanian Armed Forces’ activity, usually quarterly or whenever necessary.

The Chief of General Staff is also the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee.

The Gallery of the Chiefs of General Staff consists of 48 Flag and Commissioned Officers in the 1859–2006 timeframe.

List of the Chiefs of the General Staff

United Principalities (1860–1881)

Chief of the General Staff Took office Left office Time in office
1
Grigore Gărdescu (ro)
Gărdescu, GrigoreColonel Grigore Gărdescu (ro) 8 January 1860 29 January 1860 21 days
2
Istratie Sămășescu (ro)
Sămășescu, IstratieMajor Istratie Sămășescu (ro) 29 January 1860 30 May 1860 122 days
3
Ion Emanuel Florescu
Florescu, Ion EmanuelGeneral Ion Emanuel Florescu
(1819–1893)
30 May 1860 30 August 1860 92 days
3
Ion Emanuel Florescu
Florescu, Ion EmanuelGeneral Ion Emanuel Florescu
(1819–1893)
21 April 1864 1 May 1866 2 years, 10 days
4
Gheorghe Slăniceanu (ro)
Slăniceanu, GheorgheColonel Gheorghe Slăniceanu (ro)
(1835–1885)
27 April 1877 18 August 1877 113 days
5
Constantin Barozzi (ro)
Barozzi, ConstantinColonel Constantin Barozzi (ro)
(1833–1921)
18 August 1877 20 October 1877 63 days
6
Ștefan Fălcoianu
Fălcoianu, ȘtefanGeneral Ștefan Fălcoianu
(1835–1905)
20 October 1877 1878 0–1 years
4
Gheorghe Slăniceanu (ro)
Slăniceanu, GheorgheColonel Gheorghe Slăniceanu (ro)
(1835–1885)
1878 22 February 1879 0–1 years

Kingdom of Romania (1881–1947)

No. Rank Name Portrait Term start Term end
7 General Alexandru Cernat AlexandruCernat.jpg 1881 1882
(4) Colonel Gheorghe Slăniceanuiii GheorgheSlaniceanu1.jpg 1882 1883
(6) General Ștefan Fălcoianuii StefanFalcoianu.jpg 15 April 1883 23 May 1884
(8) Colonel Nicolae Dona NicolaeDona.jpg 23 May 1884 13 January 1886
(6) General Ștefan Fălcoianuiii StefanFalcoianu.jpg 13 January 1886 18 June 1894
9 General Iacob Lahovary General Iacob Lahovary (W Le Queux).jpg 1 October 1894 1 October 1895
(5) Colonel Constantin Barozziii ConstantinBarozzi.jpg 1 October 1895 1 October 1898
10 General Constantin Poenaru ConstantinPoenaru.jpg 1 October 1898 1 April 1901
11 General de brigadă Alexandru Cărcăleteanu AlexandruCarcaleteanu.jpg 1 April 1901 1 April 1904
12 General de brigadă Nicolae Tătărăscu NicolaeTatarascu.jpg 1 April 1904 1 April 1907
13 General Grigore C. Crăiniceanu 1910 - gen Grigore Crăiniceanu - ministrul de război.PNG 1 April 1907 1 November 1909
14 General Adjutant Ion G. Istrati 1916 - Generalul Ion G. Istrati - comandantul Diviziei 7 Infanterie.png 1 November 1909 31 March 1911
15 General de Divizie Vasile Zottui 1916 - General Vasile Zottu.png 31 March 1911 18 November 1911
16 General Alexandru Averescu Alexandru Averescu - Foto01.jpg 18 November 1911 2 December 1913
17 General Constantin Cristescui ConstantinCristescu.jpg 2 December 1913 1 April 1914
(15) General de Divizie Vasile Zottuii 1916 - General Vasile Zottu.png 1 April 1914 25 October 1916
18 General de brigadă Dumitru Iliescu General de brigada Iliescu Dumitru.jpg 25 October 1916 5 December 1916
19 General de Divizie Adjutant Constantin Prezani Prezan-Constantin.jpg 5 December 1916 1 April 1918
(17) General Constantin Cristescuii ConstantinCristescu.jpg 1 April 1918 28 October 1918
(19) General de Divizie Adjutant Constantin Prezanii Prezan-Constantin.jpg 28 October 1918 20 March 1920
(17) General Constantin Cristescuiii ConstantinCristescu.jpg 1 April 1920 8 May 1923
18 General de brigadă Alexandru Gorsky AlexandruGorsky.jpg 8 May 1923 1 October 1923
19 General de Divizie Alexandru Lupescu AlexandruLupescu.jpg 1 October 1923 21 June 1927
20 General Nicolae Samsonovicii NicolaeSamsonovici.jpg 21 June 1927 11 August 1932
21 General de Divizie Constantin Lăzărescu ConstantinLazarescu.jpg 11 August 1932 31 November 1933
22 General Ion Antonescu Ion antonescu.png 1 December 1933 11 December 1934
(20) General Nicolae Samsonoviciii NicolaeSamsonovici.jpg 11 December 1934 1 February 1937
23 General de Divizie Ion Sichitiu Ioan Sichitiu.jpg 1 February 1937 1 November 1937
24 General de Divizie Ştefan Gh. Ionescu StefanGhIonescu.jpg 1 November 1937 1 February 1939
25 General de Divizie Adjutant Florea Ţenescu FloreaTenescu.jpg 1 February 1939 23 August 1940
26 General de Armată Adjutant Gheorghe Mihaili GheorgheMihail.jpg 23 August 1940 6 September 1940
27 General de Brigadă Alexandru Ioaniţiu AlexandruIoanitiu.jpg 6 September 1940 17 September 1941
28 General de Corp de Armată Adjutant Iosif Iacobici IosifIacobici.jpg 22 September 1941 20 January 1942
29 General de Corp de Armată Ilie Șteflea IlieSteflea.jpg 20 January 1942 23 August 1944
(26) General de Armată Adjutant Gheorghe Mihailii GheorgheMihail.jpg 23 August 1944 12 October 1944
30 General de Corp de Armată Adjutant Nicolae Rădescu Nicolae Radescu.jpg 15 October 1944 6 December 1944
31 General de Corp de Armată Constantin Sănătescu ConstantinSanatescu.jpg 11 December 1944 20 June 1945
32 General de Corp de Armată Costin Ionaşcu CostinIonascu.jpg 20 June 1945 27 December 1947

Socialist Republic of Romania (1947–1989)

Chief of the General Staff Took office Left office Time in office
33
Constantin Gh. Popescu (ro)
Popescu, Constantin Gh.Colonel General Constantin Gh. Popescu (ro)
(1893–?)
30 January 1948 18 March 1950 2 years, 47 days
34
Leontin Sălăjan
Sălăjan, LeontinArmy General Leontin Sălăjan
(1913–1966)
18 March 1950 26 April 1954 4 years, 39 days
35
Ion Tutoveanu (ro)
Tutoveanu, IonGeneral Ion Tutoveanu (ro)
(1914–2014)
26 April 1954 15 June 1965 11 years, 50 days
36
Ion Gheorghe (general) (ro)
Gheorghe, IonGeneral Ion Gheorghe (general) (ro)
(1923–2009)
15 June 1965 29 November 1974 9 years, 167 days
37
Ion Coman (general) (ro)
Coman, IonLieutenant General Ion Coman (general) (ro)
(born 1926)
29 November 1974 16 June 1976 1 year, 200 days
38
Ion Hortopan (general) (ro)
Hortopan, IonLieutenant General Ion Hortopan (general) (ro)
(1925–2000)
1 July 1976 31 March 1980 3 years, 274 days
39
Vasile Milea
Milea, VasileColonel General Vasile Milea
(1927–1989)
31 March 1980 16 February 1985 4 years, 322 days
40
Ștefan Gușă
Gușă, ȘtefanColonel General Ștefan Gușă
(1940–1994)
25 September 1986 28 December 1989 3 years, 97 days

Romania (1989–present)

Chief of the General Staff Took office Left office Time in office Defence branch
41
Vasile Ionel (ro)
Ionel, VasileGeneral Vasile Ionel (ro)
(1927–2015)
29 December 1989 2 May 1991 1 year, 124 days Army
42
Dumitru Cioflină (ro)
Cioflină, DumitruGeneral Dumitru Cioflină (ro)
(born 1942)
3 May 1991 22 January 1997 5 years, 264 days Army
43
Constantin Degeratu (ro)
Degeratu, ConstantinGeneral Constantin Degeratu (ro)
(born 1948)
22 January 1997 7 March 2000 3 years, 45 days Army
44
Mircea Chelaru
Chelaru, MirceaLieutenant General Mircea Chelaru
(born 1949)
7 March 2000 31 October 2000 238 days Army
45
Mihail Eugen Popescu (ro)
Popescu, Mihail EugenGeneral Mihail Eugen Popescu (ro)
(1948–2013)
31 October 2000 25 October 2004 3 years, 360 days Army
46
Eugen Bădălan (ro)
Bădălan, EugenGeneral Eugen Bădălan (ro)
(born 1951)
25 October 2004 13 September 2006 1 year, 323 days Army
47
Gheorghe Marin (ro)
Marin, GheorgheAdmiral Gheorghe Marin (ro)
(born 1952)
13 September 2006 31 December 2010 4 years, 109 days Navy
48
Ştefan Dănilă (ro)
Dănilă, ŞtefanGeneral Ştefan Dănilă (ro)
(born 1965)
1 January 2011 31 December 2014 3 years, 364 days Air Force
49
Nicolae-Ionel Ciucă (ro)
Ciucă, Nicolae-IonelLieutenant General Nicolae-Ionel Ciucă (ro)
(born 1967)
1 January 2015 Incumbent 3 years, 110 days Army

See also

References

  • Romanian Ministry of Defence website, ""Şefii Statului Major General"" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 January 2006.  (119 KiB)
  • General Staff website
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