Chief of the Romanian General Staff

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Chief of Romanian General Staff
Şeful Statului Major General
Statul Major General.jpg
Coat of arms of the Romanian General Staff
1 1 SMG steag.jpg
Identification flag of the Romanian General Staff (reverse and obverse)
Nicolae-Ionel Ciucă.jpg
Incumbent
General-locotenent Nicolae-Ionel Ciucă

since 1 January 2015
Romanian Armed Forces
Appointer Klaus Iohannis
President of Romania
Term length 4 years, can be extended up to 5 years
Formation 12 November 1859
First holder Grigore Gărdescu
Website http://smg.mapn.ro/

The Chief of General Staff (Romanian: Şeful Statului Major General) is the highest professional military authority in the Romanian Armed Forces. He is appointed by the President of Romania, at the National Defense Minister’s proposal (with the approval of the Prime Minister) on a four-year period, with the possibility of one year extension. The Deputy Chief of General Staff or one of the Chiefs of the Services can be appointed in this position.

Role of the General Staff

According to Law no. 346 from 21 July 2006 (art. 12), the General Staff provides for:

  • Force command;
  • Organization;
  • Planning and making operational;
  • Gradual increase of readiness levels;
  • RAF’s mobilization;
  • Conduct of joint operations;
  • Troops’ training;
  • Basic and specialty training of the active-duty and reserve military personnel;
  • Military personnel individual career management;
  • Armaments planning;
  • Standardization in the military field;
  • Implementation of the C4ISR, logistic and infrastructure system;
  • Conduct of the international military relations;
  • Religious assistance in the MoND;
  • Signing technical agreements with other states armed forces;
  • Promotion of the military culture and civil education values.

The Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee is established at the level of the General Staff. The Committee is a deliberative structure, having a consultative role. The Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee meets to discuss important topics with regard to the Romanian Armed Forces’ activity, usually quarterly or whenever necessary.

The Chief of General Staff is also the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee.

The Gallery of the Chiefs of General Staff consists of 48 Flag and Commissioned Officers in the 1859–2006 timeframe.

List of the Chiefs of the General Staff

United Principalities (1860–1881)

Chief of the General Staff Took office Left office Time in office
1
Grigore Gărdescu (ro)
Gărdescu, GrigoreColonel
Grigore Gărdescu (ro)
8 January 1860 29 January 1860 21 days
2
Istratie Sămășescu (ro)
Sămășescu, IstratieMajor
Istratie Sămășescu (ro)
29 January 1860 30 May 1860 122 days
3
Ion Emanuel Florescu
Florescu, Ion EmanuelGeneral
Ion Emanuel Florescu
(1819–1893)
30 May 1860 30 August 1860 92 days
3
Ion Emanuel Florescu
Florescu, Ion EmanuelGeneral
Ion Emanuel Florescu
(1819–1893)
21 April 1864 1 May 1866 2 years, 10 days
4
Gheorghe Slăniceanu (ro)
Slăniceanu, GheorgheColonel
Gheorghe Slăniceanu (ro)
(1835–1885)
27 April 1877 18 August 1877 113 days
5
Constantin Barozzi (ro)
Barozzi, ConstantinColonel
Constantin Barozzi (ro)
(1833–1921)
18 August 1877 20 October 1877 63 days
6
Ștefan Fălcoianu
Fălcoianu, ȘtefanGeneral
Ștefan Fălcoianu
(1835–1905)
20 October 1877 1878 0–1 years
4
Gheorghe Slăniceanu (ro)
Slăniceanu, GheorgheColonel
Gheorghe Slăniceanu (ro)
(1835–1885)
1878 22 February 1879 0–1 years

Kingdom of Romania (1881–1947)

Chief of the General Staff Took office Left office Time in office
7
Alexandru Cernat
Cernat, AlexandruGeneral
Alexandru Cernat
(1828–1893)
1881 1882 0–1 years
(4)
Gheorghe Slăniceanu (ro)
Slăniceanu, GheorgheColonel
Gheorghe Slăniceanu (ro)
(1835–1885)
1882 15 April 1883 0–1 years
(6)
Ștefan Fălcoianu
Fălcoianu, ȘtefanGeneral
Ștefan Fălcoianu
(1835–1905)
15 April 1883 23 May 1884 1 year, 38 days
8
Nicolae Dona (ro)
Fălcoianu, ȘtefanColonel
Nicolae Dona (ro)
(1833–1916)
23 May 1884 13 January 1886 1 year, 235 days
(6)
Ștefan Fălcoianu
Fălcoianu, ȘtefanGeneral
Ștefan Fălcoianu
(1835–1905)
13 January 1886 18 June 1894 8 years, 156 days
9
Iacob Lahovary
Lahovary, IacobGeneral
Iacob Lahovary
(1846–1907)
1 October 1894 1 October 1895 1 year, 0 days
(5)
Constantin Barozzi (ro)
Barozzi, ConstantinColonel
Constantin Barozzi (ro)
(1833–1921)
1 October 1895 1 October 1898 3 years, 0 days
10
Constantin Poenaru (ro)
Poenaru, ConstantinGeneral
Constantin Poenaru (ro)
(1842–1912)
1 October 1898 1 April 1901 2 years, 182 days
11
Alexandru Cărcăleteanu (ro)
Cărcăleteanu, AlexandruGeneral de brigadă
Alexandru Cărcăleteanu (ro)
(1843–1936)
1 April 1901 1 April 1904 3 years, 0 days
12
Nicolae Tătărăscu (ro)
Tătărăscu, NicolaeGeneral de brigadă
Nicolae Tătărăscu (ro)
(1850–1916)
1 April 1904 1 April 1907 3 years, 0 days
13
Grigore C. Crăiniceanu
Crăiniceanu, GrigoreGeneral
Grigore C. Crăiniceanu
(1852–1935)
1 April 1907 1 November 1909 2 years, 214 days
14
Ioan Istrati (ro)
Istrati, IoanGeneral Adjutant
Ioan Istrati (ro)
(1860–1942)
1 November 1909 31 March 1911 1 year, 150 days
15
Vasile Zottu (ro)
Zottu, VasileGeneral de Divizie
Vasile Zottu (ro)
(1853–1916)
31 March 1911 18 November 1911 232 days
16
Alexandru Averescu
Averescu, AlexandruGeneral
Alexandru Averescu
(1859–1938)
18 November 1911 2 December 1913 2 years, 14 days
17
Constantin Cristescu
Cristescu, ConstantinGeneral
Constantin Cristescu
(1866–1923)
2 December 1913 1 April 1914 120 days
(15)
Vasile Zottu (ro)
Zottu, VasileGeneral de Divizie
Vasile Zottu (ro)
(1853–1916)
1 April 1914 25 October 1916 2 years, 207 days
-
Dumitru Iliescu (ro)
Iliescu, DumitruGeneral de brigadă
Dumitru Iliescu (ro)
(1865–1940)
Acting
25 October 1916 5 December 1916 41 days
18
Constantin Prezan
Prezan, ConstantinGeneral de Divizie Adjutant
Constantin Prezan
(1861–1943)
5 December 1916 1 April 1918 117 days
(17)
Constantin Cristescu
Cristescu, ConstantinGeneral
Constantin Cristescu
(1866–1923)
1 April 1918 28 October 1918 210 days
(18)
Constantin Prezan
Prezan, ConstantinGeneral de Divizie Adjutant
Constantin Prezan
(1861–1943)
28 October 1918 20 March 1920 1 year, 144 days
(17)
Constantin Cristescu
Cristescu, ConstantinGeneral
Constantin Cristescu
(1866–1923)
1 April 1920 8 May 1923 3 years, 37 days
-
Alexandru Gorsky (ro)
Cristescu, ConstantinGeneral de brigadă
Alexandru Gorsky (ro)
Acting
8 May 1923 1 October 1923 146 days
19
Alexandru Lupescu (ro)
Lupescu, AlexandruGeneral de Divizie
Alexandru Lupescu (ro)
(1865–1934)
1 October 1923 21 June 1927 3 years, 263 days
20
Nicolae Samsonovici (ro)
Lupescu, AlexandruGeneral de Divizie
Nicolae Samsonovici (ro)
(1877–1950)
21 June 1927 11 August 1932 5 years, 51 days
21
Constantin Lăzărescu (ro)
Lăzărescu, ConstantinGeneral de Divizie
Constantin Lăzărescu (ro)
11 August 1932 30 November 1933 1 year, 111 days
22
Ion Antonescu
Antonescu, IonGeneral
Ion Antonescu
(1882–1946)
1 December 1933 11 December 1934 1 year, 10 days
(20)
Nicolae Samsonovici (ro)
Lupescu, AlexandruGeneral de Divizie
Nicolae Samsonovici (ro)
(1877–1950)
11 December 1934 1 February 1937 2 years, 52 days
-
Ion Sichitiu (ro)
Sichitiu, IonGeneral de Divizie
Ion Sichitiu (ro)
(1878–1952)
Acting
1 February 1937 1 November 1937 273 days
23
Ștefan Ionescu (ro)
Ionescu, ŞtefanGeneral de Divizie
Ștefan Ionescu (ro)
(1881–?)
1 November 1937 1 February 1939 1 year, 92 days
24
Florea Ţenescu (ro)
Ţenescu, FloreaGeneral de Divizie Adjutant
Florea Ţenescu (ro)
(1884–1941)
1 February 1939 23 August 1940 1 year, 204 days
25
Gheorghe Mihail
Mihail, GheorgheGeneral de Divizie Adjutant
Gheorghe Mihail
(1887–1982)
23 August 1940 6 September 1940 14 days
26
Alexandru Ioaniţiu (ro)
Ioaniţiu, AlexandruGeneral de Brigadă
Alexandru Ioaniţiu (ro)
(1890–1941)
6 September 1940 17 September 1941 359 days
27
Iosif Iacobici (ro)
Iacobici, IosifGeneral de Corp de Armată Adjutant
Iosif Iacobici (ro)
(1884–1952)
22 September 1941 20 January 1942 153 days
28
Ilie Șteflea
Șteflea, IlieGeneral de Corp de Armată
Ilie Șteflea
(1888–1946)
20 January 1942 23 August 1944 2 years, 216 days
(26)
Gheorghe Mihail
Mihail, GheorgheGeneral de Divizie Adjutant
Gheorghe Mihail
(1887–1982)
23 August 1944 12 October 1944 50 days
29
Nicolae Rădescu
Rădescu, NicolaeGeneral de Corp de Armată Adjutant
Nicolae Rădescu
(1874–1953)
15 October 1944 6 December 1944 52 days
30
Constantin Sănătescu
Sănătescu, ConstantinGeneral de Corp de Armată
Constantin Sănătescu
(1885–1947)
11 December 1944 20 June 1945 221 days
31
Costin Ionaşcu (ro)
Sănătescu, ConstantinGeneral de Corp de Armată
Costin Ionaşcu (ro)
(1890–1969)
20 June 1945 27 December 1947 2 years, 190 days

Socialist Republic of Romania (1947–1989)

Chief of the General Staff Took office Left office Time in office
33
Constantin Gh. Popescu (ro)
Popescu, Constantin Gh.Colonel General
Constantin Gh. Popescu (ro)
(1893–?)
30 January 1948 18 March 1950 2 years, 47 days
34
Leontin Sălăjan
Sălăjan, LeontinArmy General
Leontin Sălăjan
(1913–1966)
18 March 1950 26 April 1954 4 years, 39 days
35
Ion Tutoveanu (ro)
Tutoveanu, IonGeneral
Ion Tutoveanu (ro)
(1914–2014)
26 April 1954 15 June 1965 11 years, 50 days
36
Ion Gheorghe (general) (ro)
Gheorghe, IonGeneral
Ion Gheorghe (general) (ro)
(1923–2009)
15 June 1965 29 November 1974 9 years, 167 days
37
Ion Coman (general) (ro)
Coman, IonLieutenant General
Ion Coman (general) (ro)
(born 1926)
29 November 1974 16 June 1976 1 year, 200 days
38
Ion Hortopan (general) (ro)
Hortopan, IonLieutenant General
Ion Hortopan (general) (ro)
(1925–2000)
1 July 1976 31 March 1980 3 years, 274 days
39
Vasile Milea
Milea, VasileColonel General
Vasile Milea
(1927–1989)
31 March 1980 16 February 1985 4 years, 322 days
40
Ștefan Gușă
Gușă, ȘtefanColonel General
Ștefan Gușă
(1940–1994)
25 September 1986 28 December 1989 3 years, 97 days

Romania (1989–present)

Chief of the General Staff Took office Left office Time in office Defence branch
41
Vasile Ionel (ro)
Ionel, VasileGeneral
Vasile Ionel (ro)
(1927–2015)
29 December 1989 2 May 1991 1 year, 124 days Army
42
Dumitru Cioflină (ro)
Cioflină, DumitruGeneral
Dumitru Cioflină (ro)
(born 1942)
3 May 1991 22 January 1997 5 years, 264 days Army
43
Constantin Degeratu (ro)
Degeratu, ConstantinGeneral
Constantin Degeratu (ro)
(born 1948)
22 January 1997 7 March 2000 3 years, 45 days Army
44
Mircea Chelaru
Chelaru, MirceaLieutenant General
Mircea Chelaru
(born 1949)
7 March 2000 31 October 2000 238 days Army
45
Mihail Eugen Popescu (ro)
Popescu, Mihail EugenGeneral
Mihail Eugen Popescu (ro)
(1948–2013)
31 October 2000 25 October 2004 3 years, 360 days Army
46
Eugen Bădălan (ro)
Bădălan, EugenGeneral
Eugen Bădălan (ro)
(born 1951)
25 October 2004 13 September 2006 1 year, 323 days Army
47
Gheorghe Marin (ro)
Marin, GheorgheAdmiral
Gheorghe Marin (ro)
(born 1952)
13 September 2006 31 December 2010 4 years, 109 days Navy
48
Ştefan Dănilă (ro)
Dănilă, ŞtefanGeneral
Ştefan Dănilă (ro)
(born 1965)
1 January 2011 31 December 2014 3 years, 364 days Air Force
49
Nicolae-Ionel Ciucă (ro)
Ciucă, Nicolae-IonelLieutenant General
Nicolae-Ionel Ciucă (ro)
(born 1967)
1 January 2015 Incumbent 3 years, 189 days Army

See also

References

  • Romanian Ministry of Defence website, ""Şefii Statului Major General"" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 January 2006.  (119 KiB)
  • General Staff website
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