Chief of the Albanian General Staff

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Chief of the General Staff
Shef i Shtabit të Përgjithshëm
Emblem of the Albanian General Staff.svg
Emblem of the Albanian General Staff
Bardhyl Kollcaku (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Brigadier General
Bardhyl Kollçaku

since 28 October 2017
Member of Albanian General Staff
Appointer President of Albania
Formation 4 May 1913
First holder Lt. Colonel Ali Shefqet Shkupi

The Chief of the General Staff (Albanian: Shef i Shtabit të Përgjithshëm) is the chief of the General Staff and Albanian Armed Forces. The chief of staff is appointed by the President of Albania, who is the commander-in-chief. The position dates back to the Provisional Government of Albania. The current Chief of the General Staff is Major General Jeronim Bazo.

List of chiefs of the general staff

The Provisional Government of Albania and the Principality of Albania

Date of term's end is based on start of successor's term.

Chief of the General Staff Took office Left office Time in office Ref
1
Ali Shefqet Shkupi
Shkupi, Ali ShefqetLieutenant Colonel Ali Shefqet Shkupi
(1883–1953)
4 May 1913 November 1920 7 years, 5 months [1]
2
Ali Riza Kolonja
Kolonja, Ali RizaBrigadier General Ali Riza Kolonja
(1880–1930)
November 1920 December 1921 1 year, 1 month [1]
3
Xhavid Leskoviku
Leskoviku, XhavidMajor Xhavid Leskoviku
(1882–1945?)
December 1921 June 1923 1 year, 6 months [1]
4
Bajram Fevziu
Fevziu, BajramMajor Bajram Fevziu
(1884–1928)
Term ended with dissolution of the Ministry of War
June 1923 24 December 1924 1 year, 6 months [1]

The Albanian Republic and the Albanian Kingdom

In 1925, Prime Minister Ahmet Zogolli created a new constitution for Albania, forming the Albanian Republic. On 1 September 1928, Zogolli amended the constitution, dissolved parliament, and proclaimed himself King, creating the Albanian Kingdom. The Kingdom collapsed following the Italian invasion of Albania.

Albanian National Army
Chief of the General Staff Took office Left office Time in office President of Albania Ref
5
Gustav von Myrdacz
von Myrdacz, GustavDivisional General Gustav von Myrdacz
(1874–1945)
18 January 1925 1 September 1928 3 years, 227 days Ahmet Zogolli [1]
Royal Albanian Army
Chief of the General Staff Took office Left office Time in office King of Albania Ref
(5)
Gustav von Myrdacz
von Myrdacz, GustavGeneral Gustav von Myrdacz
(1874–1945)
1 September 1928 7 April 1939 10 years, 218 days Zog I of Albania [1]

Communist Era

The following individuals served during the era of communism in Albania, serving the National Liberation Movement, the Democratic Government of Albania, and the People's Socialist Republic of Albania. In this time, the powers of Commander-in-chief were held by the First Secretary of the Party of Labour of Albania.

Albanian National Liberation Army
Chief of the General Staff Took office Left office Time in office First Secretary Ref
6
Spiro Moisiu
Moisiu, SpiroMajor General Spiro Moisiu
(1900–1981)
10 July 1943 24 May 1944 319 days Enver Hoxha [1]
Albanian Armed Forces
Chief of the General Staff Took office Left office Time in office First Secretary Ref
(6)
Spiro Moisiu
Moisiu, SpiroMajor General Spiro Moisiu
(1900–1981)
[a]
24 May 1944 August 1946 2 years, 2 months Enver Hoxha [1]
7
Mehmet Shehu
Shehu, MehmetColonel General Mehmet Shehu
(1900–1981)
August 1946 28 January 1948 1 year, 5 months Enver Hoxha [1]
8
Beqir Balluku
Balluku, BeqirLieutenant General Beqir Balluku
(1917–1974)
[b]
28 January 1948 1952 3–4 years Enver Hoxha [1][citation needed]
9
Petrit Dume
Dume, PetritLieutenant General Petrit Dume
(1920–1975)
1952 1954 1–2 years Enver Hoxha [1][citation needed]
10
Arif Mema Hasko
Hasko, Arif MemaLieutenant General Arif Mema Hasko 1954 1956 1–2 years Enver Hoxha [1][citation needed]
(9)
Petrit Dume
Dume, PetritLieutenant General Petrit Dume
(1920–1975)
[c][d]
1956 July 1974 17–18 years Enver Hoxha [1][citation needed]
11
Sami Meçollari
Meçollari, SamiSami Meçollari
(born 1937)
July 1974 December 1974 5 months Enver Hoxha [1][citation needed]
12
Veli Llakaj (sq)
Llakaj, VeliVeli Llakaj (sq)
(born 1935)
December 1974 13 October 1982 7 years, 10 months Enver Hoxha [1]
13
Kiço Mustaqi
Mustaqi, KiçoKiço Mustaqi
(born 1938)
13 October 1982 February 1991 8 years, 3 months Enver Hoxha
(1941 – 1985)
Ramiz Alia
(1985 – 1991)
[1]

Republic of Albania

The following individuals served following the fall of Communism in Albania and the formation of the Republic of Albania. The new Albanian constitution shifted the powers of Commander in Chief to the newly formed office of the President of Albania.

Chief of the General Staff Took office Left office Time in office President of Albania Ref
14
Halim Abazi
Abazi, HalimColonel Halim Abazi
(born 1944)
February 1991 June 1991 4 months Ramiz Alia [1]
15
Kostaq Karoli
Karoli, KostaqGeneral Kostaq Karoli
(born 1945)
June 1991 August 1992 1 year, 2 months Ramiz Alia
(1991 – 1992)
Kastriot Islami
(1992 – 1992)
Pjetër Arbnori
(1992 – 1992)
Sali Berisha
(1992 – 1997)
[1]
16
Ilia Vasho
Vasho, IliaGeneral Ilia Vasho
(born 1944)
August 1992 1994 1–2 years Sali Berisha [1]
17
Sheme Kosovo
Kosovo, ShemeGeneral Sheme Kosovo
(born 1949)
[e]
1994 2 March 1997 2–3 years Sali Berisha [1]
18
Adem Çopani
Çopani, AdemMajor General Adem Çopani
(born 1944)
[f]
2 March 1997 August 1997 1 year, 2 months Sali Berisha
(1992 – 1997)
Rexhep Meidani
(1997 – 2002)
[1]
19
Aleks Andoni
Andoni, AleksBrigadier General Aleks Andoni
(born 1956)
September 1997 2000 2–3 years Rexhep Meidani [1]
20
Pëllumb Qazimi
Qazimi, PëllumbGeneral Pëllumb Qazimi
(born 1957)
2000 2006 5–6 years Rexhep Meidani
(1997 – 2002)
Alfred Moisiu
(2002 – 2007)
[1]
21
Luan Hoxha
Hoxha, LuanLieutenant General Luan Hoxha
(born 1960)
October 2006 June 2008 1 year, 8 months Alfred Moisiu
(2002 – 2007)
Bamir Topi
(2007 – 2012)
[1]
22
Maksim Malaj
Malaj, MaksimMajor General Maksim Malaj
(born 1958)
June 2008 8 August 2011 3 years, 2 months Bamir Topi [1]
23
Xhemal Gjunkshi
Gjunkshi, XhemalMajor General Xhemal Gjunkshi
(born 1963)
8 August 2011 8 November 2013 2 years, 92 days Bamir Topi
(2007 – 2012)
Bujar Nishani
(2012 – 2017)
[1][2]
24
Jeronim Bazo
Bazo, JeronimMajor General Jeronim Bazo
(born 1960)
8 November 2013 January 2017 3 years, 1 month Bamir Topi [3]
25
Bardhyl Kollçaku
Kollçaku, BardhylBrigadier General Bardhyl Kollçaku
(born 1967)
28 October 2017 Incumbent 175 days Ilir Meta .

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Became Chief of the General Staff following the Congress of Përmet.
  2. ^ Executed for high treason in 1974.
  3. ^ On 1 May 1966, military ranks were abolished in the Albanian Armed Forces, following the example of the Chinese People's Liberation Army. In 1991 the rank system was reestablished under President Ramiz Alia.
  4. ^ Dismissed and executed for high treason in 1975.
  5. ^ Dismissed following the Albanian Rebellion of 1997.
  6. ^ Served during the Albanian Rebellion of 1997.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z "Former CHODs". Albanian Armed Forces. Retrieved 15 July 2016. 
  2. ^ "Presidenti Nishani dekreton lirimin nga detyra të Shefit të Shtabit të Përgjithshëm të Forcave të Armatosura të Republikës së Shqipërisë, Gjeneral Major Xhemal Gjunkshi" [President Nishani decrees the dismissal of the Chief of General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Albania, Major General Xhemal Gjunkshi] (in Albanian). President of Albania. Retrieved 28 July 2016. 
  3. ^ "Chief of General Staff of Albanian Armed Forces". Albanian Armed Forces. Archived from the original on 18 March 2016. Retrieved 15 July 2016. 

External links

  • Former Chiefs of the Albanian General Staff 1913–2013
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