Chief of the Albanian General Staff

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Chief of the General Staff
Shef i Shtabit të Përgjithshëm
Emblem of the Albanian General Staff.svg
Emblem of the Albanian General Staff
Jeronim Bazo NJNJ Graduation Ceremony 29 July 2014 v2.jpg
Incumbent
Major General Jeronim Bazo

since 8 November 2013
Member of Albanian General Staff
Appointer President of Albania
Formation 4 May 1913
First holder Lt. Colonel Ali Shefqet Shkupi

The Chief of the General Staff (Albanian: Shef i Shtabit të Përgjithshëm) is the chief of the General Staff and Albanian Armed Forces. The chief of staff is appointed by the President of Albania, who is the commander-in-chief. The position dates back to the Provisional Government of Albania. The current Chief of the General Staff is Major General Jeronim Bazo.

List of chiefs of the general staff

The Provisional Government of Albania and the Principality of Albania

# Name Image Born–Died Rank Start End Notes & Citations
1 Ali Shefqet Shkupi 01 Ali Shefqet Shkupi.jpg 1883–1953 Lt. Colonel 4 May 1913 November 1920 Date of term's end based on start of successor's term.[1]
2 Ali Riza Kolonja No image.png 1880–1930 Brigadier General November 1920 December 1921 Date of term's end based on start of successor's term.[1]
3 Xhavid Leskoviku No image.png 1882–1945? Major December 1921 June 1923 Date of term's end based on start of successor's term.[1]
4 Bajram Fevziu No image.png 1884–1928 Major June 1923 24 December 1924 Term ended with dissolution of the Ministry of War.[1]

The Albanian Republic and the Albanian Kingdom

In 1925, Prime Minister Ahmet Zogolli created a new constitution for Albania, forming the Albanian Republic. On 1 September 1928, Zogolli amended the constitution, dissolved parliament, and proclaimed himself King, creating the Albanian Kingdom. The Kingdom collapsed following the Italian invasion of Albania.

# Name Image Born–Died Rank Start End Commander-in-Chief Notes & Citations
Chief of the General Staff of the Albanian National Army
5 Gustav von Myrdacz Gustav von Myrdacz.jpg 1874–1945 Divisional General 18 January 1925 1 September 1928 Ahmet Zogolli
(as Prime Minister and President)
[1]
Chief of the General Staff of the Royal Albanian Army
5 Gustav von Myrdacz Gustav von Myrdacz.jpg 1874–1945 General 1 September 1928 7 April 1939 Zog I of Albania
(as King)
Term ended with the Italian invasion of Albania.[1]

Communist Era

The following individuals served during the era of communism in Albania, serving the National Liberation Movement, the Democratic Government of Albania, and the People's Socialist Republic of Albania. In this time, the powers of Commander-in-chief were held by the First Secretary of the Party of Labour of Albania.

# Name Image Born–Died Rank Start End Commander-in-Chief Notes & Citations
Chief of the General Staff of the Albanian National Liberation Army
6 Spiro Moisiu Spiro Moisiu.jpg 1900–1981 Major General 10 July 1943 24 May 1944 Enver Hoxha
(as First Secretary of the Party of Labour of Albania)
[1]
Chief of the General Staff of the Albanian Armed Forces
6 Spiro Moisiu Spiro Moisiu.jpg 1900–1981 Major General 24 May 1944 August 1946 Enver Hoxha Became Chief of the General Staff following the Congress of Përmet.[1]
7 Mehmet Shehu Mehmet Shehu -28partizan-29.jpg 1913–1981 Colonel General August 1946 28 January 1948 Date of term's end based on start of successor's term.[1]
8 Beqir Balluku No image.png 1917–1974 Lt. General 28 January 1948 1952 Executed for high treason in 1974.[1][citation needed]
9 Petrit Dume No image.png 1920–1975 Lt. General 1952 1954 1st Term[citation needed]
10 Arif Mema Hasko No image.png Lt. General 1954 1956 [1][citation needed]
11 Petrit Dume No image.png 1920–1975 Lt. General[2] 1956 July 1974 2nd Term. Dismissed and executed for high treason in 1975.[1][citation needed]
12 Sami Meçollari No image.png 1937– July 1974 December 1974 [1][citation needed]
13 Veli Llakaj No image.png 1935– 1974 13 October 1982 [1]
14 Kiço Mustaqi No image.png 1938– 1982 February 1991 Enver Hoxha
(until 11 April 1985)
Ramiz Alia
(from 13 April 1985)
[1]

Republic of Albania

The following individuals served following the fall of Communism in Albania and the formation of the Republic of Albania. The new Albanian constitution shifted the powers of Commander in Chief to the newly formed office of the President of Albania.

# Name Image Born–Died Rank Start End Commander-in-Chief Notes & Citations
Chief of the General Staff of the Albanian Armed Forces
15 Halim Abazi No image.png 1944– Colonel February 1991 June 1991 Ramiz Alia
(as President of Albania)
[1]
16 Kostaq Karoli No image.png 1945– General June 1991 August 1992 Ramiz Alia
(until 3 April 1992)
Kastriot Islami
(3 to 6 April 1992)
Pjetër Arbnori
(6 to 9 April 1992)
Sali Berisha
(from 9 April 1992)
17 Ilia Vasho No image.png 1944– General 1992 1994 Sali Berisha
18 Sheme Kosovo No image.png 1949– General 1994 2 March 1997 Sali Berisha Dismissed following the Albanian Rebellion of 1997.[1]
19 Adem Çopani No image.png 1944– Major General March 1997 August 1997 Sali Berisha
(until 24 July 1997)
Rexhep Meidani
(from 24 July 1997)
Served during the Albanian Rebellion of 1997.[1]
20 Aleks Andoni No image.png 1956– Brigadier General September 1997 2000 Rexhep Meidani [1]
21 Pëllumb Qazimi No image.png 1957– General 2000 2006 Rexhep Meidani
(until 24 July 2002)
Alfred Moisiu
(from 24 July 2002)
[1]
22 Luan Hoxha No image.png 1960– Lt. General October 2006 June 2008 Alfred Moisiu
(until 24 July 2007)
Bamir Topi
(from 24 July 2007)
[1]
23 Maksim Malaj Maksim Malaj (cropped).jpg 1958– Major General June 2008 8 August 2011 Bamir Topi [1]
24 Xhemal Gjunkshi Xhemal Gjunkshi (cropped).jpg 1963– Major General 8 August 2011 8 November 2013 Bamir Topi
(until 24 July 2012)
Bujar Nishani
(from 24 July 2012)
[1][3]
25 Jeronim Bazo Jeronim Bazo NJNJ Graduation Ceremony 29 July 2014 v2.jpg 1960– Major General 8 November 2013 Present Bujar Nishani [4]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w "Former CHODs". Albanian Armed Forces. Retrieved 15 July 2016. 
  2. ^ On 1 May 1966, military ranks were abolished in the Albanian Armed Forces, following the example of the Chinese People's Liberation Army. In 1991 the rank system was reestablished under President Ramiz Alia.
  3. ^ "Presidenti Nishani dekreton lirimin nga detyra të Shefit të Shtabit të Përgjithshëm të Forcave të Armatosura të Republikës së Shqipërisë, Gjeneral Major Xhemal Gjunkshi" [President Nishani decrees the dismissal of the Chief of General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Albania, Major General Xhemal Gjunkshi] (in Albanian). President of Albania. Retrieved 28 July 2016. 
  4. ^ "Chief of General Staff of Albanian Armed Forces". Albanian Armed Forces. Archived from the original on 18 March 2016. Retrieved 15 July 2016. 

External links

  • Former Chiefs of the Albanian General Staff 1913–2013
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chief_of_the_Albanian_General_Staff&oldid=815094728"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chief_of_the_Albanian_General_Staff
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Chief of the Albanian General Staff"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA