List of Chief Ministers of Madhya Pradesh

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Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh
Shivraj Singh Chauhan (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Shivraj Singh Chouhan

since 29 November 2005
Appointer Governor of Madhya Pradesh
Inaugural holder Ravishankar Shukla
Formation 1 November 1956

The Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh is the chief executive of the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. In accordance with the Constitution of India, the governor is a state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly, the state's governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[1]

Following Madhya Pradesh's reorganisation on 1 November 1956, 17 people have served as its chief minister. Eleven of these belonged to the Indian National Congress, including the inaugural officeholder Ravishankar Shukla. The first non-Congress chief minister was Govind Narayan Singh who defected from the party and lead a Samyukta Vidhayak Dal government from 1967 to 1969. Digvijaya Singh of the Congress became the first officeholder to serve two full five-year terms. He was succeeded by Uma Bharti of the Bharatiya Janata Party, Madhya Pradesh's only woman chief minister. Her party-mate Shivraj Singh Chouhan is the current incumbent and the state's longest-serving chief minister, having held office since November 2005.

Chief Ministers of Madhya Pradesh

Colour key for parties
Holding office since 1946 (as Premier of Central Provinces and Berar, Ravishankar Shukla served two months as the first Chief Minister of reorganised Madhya Pradesh when he died in 1956.
Kailash Chandra Joshi was MP's first CM from the Janata Party.
Congress leader Arjun Singh is one of the few chief ministers to serve a full five-year term.
Both of Motilal Vora's stints as MP chief minister happened during the Eighth Assembly.
Digvijaya Singh of the Congress served two five-year terms as MP's CM.
Uma Bharti is Madhya Pradesh's only woman chief minister.
Babulal Gaur was one of three Bharatiya Janata Party chief ministers during the Twelfth Assembly.
No.[a] Name
Constituency
Tenure[2][3] Duration Assembly
(election)
Party[b]
1 Ravishankar Shukla
MLA for Saraipali
1 November 1956 31 December 1956 60 days First Assembly (1956–57)
(1951–52 election)
Indian National Congress
2 Bhagwantrao Mandloi
MLA for Khandwa
9 January 1957 30 January 1957 21 days
3 Kailash Nath Katju
MLA for Jaora
31 January 1957 14 March 1957 5 years, 39 days
14 March 1957 11 March 1962 Second Assembly (1957–62)
(1957 election)
(2) Bhagwantrao Mandloi
MLA for Khandwa
12 March 1962 29 September 1963 1 year, 201 days Third Assembly (1962–67)
(1962 election)
4 Dwarka Prasad Mishra
MLA for Katangi
30 September 1963 8 March 1967 3 years, 302 days
8 March 1967 29 July 1967 Fourth Assembly (1967–72)
(1967 election)
5 Govind Narayan Singh
MLA for Rampur-Baghelan
30 July 1967 12 March 1969 1 year, 225 days Samyukta Vidhayak Dal
6 Nareshchandra Singh
MLA for Pussore
13 March 1969 25 March 1969 12 days Indian National Congress
7 Shyama Charan Shukla
MLA for Rajim
26 March 1969 28 January 1972 2 years, 308 days
8 Prakash Chandra Sethi
MLA for Ujjain Uttar
29 January 1972 22 March 1972 3 years, 328 days
23 March 1972 23 December 1975 Fifth Assembly (1972–77)
(1972 election)
(7) Shyama Charan Shukla
MLA for Rajim
23 December 1975 30 April 1977 1 year, 128 days
Vacant[c]
(President's rule)
30 April 1977 23 June 1977 54 days Dissolved N/A
9 Kailash Chandra Joshi
MLA for Bagli
24 June 1977 17 January 1978 207 days Sixth Assembly (1977–80)
(1977 election)
Janata Party
10 Virendra Kumar Sakhlecha
MLA for Jawad
18 January 1978 19 January 1980 2 years, 1 day
11 Sunderlal Patwa
MLA for Mandsaur
20 January 1980 17 February 1980 28 days
Vacant[c]
(President's rule)
17 February 1980 9 June 1980 113 days Dissolved N/A
12 Arjun Singh
MLA for Churhat
9 June 1980 10 March 1985 4 years, 276 days Seventh Assembly (1980–85)
(1980 election)
Indian National Congress (I)
11 March 1985 12 March 1985 Eighth Assembly (1985–90)
(1985 election)
Indian National Congress
13 Motilal Vora
MLA for Durg
13 March 1985 13 February 1988 2 years, 337 days
(12) Arjun Singh
MLA for Churhat
14 February 1988 23 January 1989 344 days
(13) Motilal Vora
MLA for Durg
25 January 1989 9 December 1989 318 days
(7) Shyama Charan Shukla 9 December 1989 1 March 1990 82 days
(11) Sunderlal Patwa
MLA for Bhojpur
5 March 1990 15 December 1992 2 years, 285 days Ninth Assembly (1990–92)
(1990 election)
Bharatiya Janata Party
Vacant[c]
(President's rule)
15 December 1992 6 December 1993 355 days Dissolved N/A
14 Digvijaya Singh
MLA for Raghogarh
7 December 1993 1 December 1998 10 years, 0 days Tenth Assembly (1993–98)
(1993 election)
Indian National Congress
1 December 1998 7 December 2003 Eleventh Assembly (1998–2003)
(1998 election)
15 Uma Bharti
MLA for Malhara
8 December 2003 23 August 2004 259 days Twelfth Assembly (2003–08)
(2003 election)
Bhartiya Janata Party
16 Babulal Gaur
MLA for Govindpura
23 August 2004 29 November 2005 1 year, 98 days
17 Shivraj Singh Chouhan
MLA for Budhni
29 November 2005 11 December 2008 12 years, 317 days
12 December 2008 12 December 2013 Thirteenth Assembly (2008–13)
(2008 election)
13 December 2013 Incumbent Fourteenth Assembly (2013–18)
(2013 election)

Footnotes

  1. ^ A number in parentheses indicates that the incumbent has previously held office.
  2. ^ This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he heads may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
  3. ^ a b c When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.[4]

References

  1. ^ Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Madhya Pradesh as well.
  2. ^ "Honorable Chief Ministers of Madhya Pradesh" (in Hindi). Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Retrieved on 14 September 2018.
  3. ^ "Instances of 'President's Rule' in Madhya Pradesh" (in Hindi). Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Retrieved on 14 September 2018.
  4. ^ Amberish K. Diwanji. "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. 15 March 2005. Retrieved on 3 March 2013.

External links

  • Chief Ministers of Madhya Pradesh
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