Chichicastenango

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Chichicastenango
Municipality
Iglesia de Santo Tomás
Nickname(s): Chichi
Chichicastenango is located in Guatemala
Chichicastenango
Chichicastenango
Location in Guatemala
Coordinates: 14°56′N 91°07′W / 14.933°N 91.117°W / 14.933; -91.117
Country Flag of Guatemala.svg Guatemala
Department ..El Quiché Flag(GUATEMALA).png El Quiché
Municipality Chichicastenango
Government
 • Type Municipal
Area
 • Municipality 400 km2 (200 sq mi)
Elevation 1,965 m (6,447 ft)
Population (Census 2012)[2]
 • Municipality 152,833
 • Urban 45,549
 • Ethnicities K'iche' people (98.5%),[1] Ladino (1.5%)
 • Religions Roman Catholicism, Evangelicalism, Maya
Climate Cwb
Website Chichicastenango online

Chichicastenango, also known as Santo Tomás Chichicastenango, is a town in the El Quiché department of Guatemala, and is the municipal seat for the surrounding municipality of the same name. It is located in a mountainous region about 140 km (87 mi) northwest of Guatemala City, at an altitude of 1,965 m (6,447 ft).[3] The Spanish conquistadors gave the town its name from the Nahuatl name used by their soldiers from Tlaxcala: Tzitzicaztenanco, or City of Nettles. Its original name was Chaviar.

Chichicastenango is a K'iche' Maya cultural centre. According to the 2012 census, 98.5% of the municipality's population is indigenous Mayan K'iche. 21% of the population speak only K'iche, 71% speak both K'iche and Spanish, and the remaining 8% speak only Spanish.[1]

Market

Chichicastenango Market

Chichicastenango hosts market days on Thursdays and Sundays where vendors sell handicrafts, food, flowers, pottery, wooden boxes, condiments, medicinal plants, candles, pom and copal (traditional incense), cal (lime stones for preparing tortillas), grindstones, pigs and chickens, machetes, and other tools.

Among the items sold are textiles, particularly women's blouses. Masks used by dancers in traditional dances, such as the Dance of the Conquest, are also manufactured in Chichicastenango.

Church of Santo Tomás

Next to the market is the 400-year-old church of Santo Tomás. It is built atop a Pre-Columbian temple platform, and the steps originally leading to a temple of the pre-Hispanic Maya civilization remain venerated. K'iche' Maya priests still use the church for their rituals, burning incense and candles. In special cases, they burn a chicken for the gods. Each of the 18 stairs that lead up to the church stands for one month of the Maya calendar year. Another key element of Chichicastenango is the Cofradia of Pascual Abaj, which is an ancient carved stone venerated nearby and the Maya priests perform several rituals there. Writing on the stone records the doings of a king named Tohil (Fate).[4]

The Chichicastenango Regional Museum lies in its grounds.

In music

At least three songs have been written about the town.

  • “Chichicastenango” Xavier Cugat 1937
  • "In Chi-Chi Castenango" Edmundo Ros Mambo Jambo: Original Recordings 1941-1950
  • "In the Land of The Maya" Lennie Gallant In the Land of The Maya

In addition, the character Rosie from Bye Bye Birdie sings sarcastically of being the toast of Chichicastenango.

Geography

Chichicastenango is composed of the municipal seat and 81 rural communities.[5] Nearby village communities include Paquixic (1.0 nm), Chucam (1.0 nm), Chujupen (1.4 nm), Camanibal (2.2 nm), Chontala (2.2 nm) and Chucojom (1.0 nm).

In films

The New Adventures of Tarzan' (1935)

In 1935, the film The New Adventures of Tarzan, was filmed on location in Guatemala, taking advantage of the help from the United Fruit Company and president Jorge Ubico. Chichicastenango was among the locations used during filming.[7]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-11-06. Retrieved 2014-11-06.
  2. ^ "Google Translate". Translate.google.com. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  3. ^ "Chichicastenango, Quiché". Ojoconmipisto.com. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  4. ^ Epigraphic Society Occasional Publications, Vol. 17, 1988 A Decipherment of the Chichicastenango Stone (22 pp) John S. Carroll -p 31
  5. ^ "Santo Tomás Chichicastenango - Plan de Desarrollo Municipal" (PDF). Municipalidad de Chichicastenango. 2002. Retrieved 1 August 2008.
  6. ^ a b SEGEPLAN. "Municipios de Quiché, Guatemala". Secretaría General de Planificación y Programación de la Presidencia de la República. Guatemala. Archived from the original on 2 July 2015. Retrieved 30 June 2015.
  7. ^ Barillas, Edgar (2013). "50 películas filmadas en Guatemala y una que no (1935-1996). Apuntes para una cartografía de los lugares filmados en Guatemala". Revista Historia de la Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala (in Spanish). Guatemala. Archived from the original on October 22, 2015. Retrieved 22 October 2015.

External links

  • Media related to Chichicastenango at Wikimedia Commons
  • Official website
  • Map with information and pictures of the touristic points of interest in Chichicastenango

Coordinates: 14°56′N 91°07′W / 14.933°N 91.117°W / 14.933; -91.117

Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chichicastenango&oldid=844743757"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chichicastenango
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Chichicastenango"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA