Chaves County, New Mexico

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Chaves County, New Mexico
Chaves County New Mexico Court House west side.jpg
Seal of Chaves County, New Mexico
Seal
Map of New Mexico highlighting Chaves County
Location in the U.S. state of New Mexico
Map of the United States highlighting New Mexico
New Mexico's location in the U.S.
Founded February 25, 1889
Named for José Francisco Chaves
Seat Roswell
Largest city Roswell
Area
 • Total 6,075 sq mi (15,734 km2)
 • Land 6,065 sq mi (15,708 km2)
 • Water 9.8 sq mi (25 km2), 0.2%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 65,282
 • Density 11/sq mi (4/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Website co.chaves.nm.us

Chaves County is a county in the U.S. state of New Mexico. As of the 2010 census, the population was 65,645.[1] Its county seat is Roswell.[2] Chaves County was named for Colonel Jose Francisco Chaves, a military leader here during the U.S. Civil War and later in Navajo campaigns. Created by Territorial Legislature, February 25, 1889, out of land from the county of Lincoln.

Chaves County comprises the Roswell, NM Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 6,075 square miles (15,730 km2), of which 6,065 square miles (15,710 km2) is land and 9.8 square miles (25 km2) (0.2%) is water.[3] It is the fourth-largest county in New Mexico by area.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 16,850
1920 12,075 −28.3%
1930 19,549 61.9%
1940 23,980 22.7%
1950 40,605 69.3%
1960 57,649 42.0%
1970 43,335 −24.8%
1980 51,103 17.9%
1990 57,849 13.2%
2000 61,382 6.1%
2010 65,645 6.9%
Est. 2016 65,282 [4] −0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2016[1]

2000 census

As of the 2000 census[9], there were 61,382 people, 22,561 households, and 16,085 families residing in the county. The population density was 10 people per square mile (4/km²). There were 25,647 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 71.95% White, 1.97% Black or African American, 1.13% Native American, 0.53% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 21.25% from other races, and 3.12% from two or more races. 43.83% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 22,561 households out of which 35.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.70% were married couples living together, 13.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.70% were non-families. 24.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.17.

In the county, the population was spread out with 29.10% under the age of 18, 9.40% from 18 to 24, 25.30% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, and 14.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 95.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,513, and the median income for a family was $32,532. Males had a median income of $26,896 versus $21,205 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,990. About 17.60% of families and 21.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.10% of those under age 18 and 13.90% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 65,645 people, 23,691 households, and 16,646 families residing in the county.[10] The population density was 10.8 inhabitants per square mile (4.2/km2). There were 26,697 housing units at an average density of 4.4 per square mile (1.7/km2).[11] The racial makeup of the county was 70.9% white, 2.0% black or African American, 1.2% American Indian, 0.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 21.9% from other races, and 3.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 52.0% of the population.[10] In terms of ancestry, 10.1% were German, 9.3% were Irish, 8.5% were English, and 4.6% were American.[12]

Of the 23,691 households, 37.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.9% were married couples living together, 14.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.7% were non-families, and 25.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.22. The median age was 34.7 years.[10]

The median income for a household in the county was $37,524 and the median income for a family was $43,464. Males had a median income of $37,573 versus $26,250 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,504. About 15.9% of families and 21.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.1% of those under age 18 and 14.6% of those age 65 or over.[13]

Politics

Chaves County is a Republican stronghold. No Democratic presidential candidate has won Chaves County since Lyndon Johnson's landslide victory of 1964. Even in that election, Johnson took Chaves County by only 1.3 percent.[14]

Presidential Elections Results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 63.5% 12,872 27.3% 5,534 9.2% 1,865
2012 64.5% 13,088 32.5% 6,604 3.0% 600
2008 61.7% 13,651 37.1% 8,197 1.2% 264
2004 68.1% 14,773 31.0% 6,726 1.0% 206
2000 62.7% 11,378 34.9% 6,340 2.4% 431
1996 54.0% 9,991 37.9% 7,014 8.2% 1,514
1992 47.0% 8,872 33.7% 6,360 19.4% 3,666
1988 65.8% 13,367 33.2% 6,730 1.0% 206
1984 73.4% 15,248 25.7% 5,332 1.0% 202
1980 67.2% 12,502 28.8% 5,350 4.0% 742
1976 59.3% 10,631 39.8% 7,139 1.0% 170
1972 70.9% 11,493 26.5% 4,296 2.6% 427
1968 63.6% 8,866 25.9% 3,612 10.5% 1,460
1964 49.2% 8,419 50.6% 8,650 0.3% 43
1960 59.1% 9,089 40.4% 6,212 0.6% 91
1956 63.4% 7,538 35.9% 4,270 0.7% 88
1952 63.9% 7,018 35.3% 3,880 0.7% 81
1948 40.4% 3,123 59.2% 4,569 0.4% 33
1944 48.3% 3,149 51.4% 3,350 0.3% 17
1940 40.8% 2,981 59.0% 4,304 0.2% 14
1936 35.7% 2,505 62.6% 4,394 1.7% 118
1932 29.0% 1,830 67.3% 4,257 3.7% 235
1928 69.5% 3,124 30.3% 1,364 0.2% 8
1924 39.4% 1,519 56.2% 2,168 4.4% 168
1920 45.5% 1,765 53.7% 2,080 0.8% 31
1916 25.9% 862 68.4% 2,275 5.7% 191
1912 18.2% 465 52.5% 1,339 29.2% 745

Communities

City

Towns

Census-designated place

Unincorporated communities

See also

Coordinates: 33°22′N 104°28′W / 33.36°N 104.47°W / 33.36; -104.47

KML is from Wikidata

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 27, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011. 
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on January 1, 2015. Retrieved January 1, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved January 1, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 1, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 1, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 1, 2015. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008. 
  10. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-24. 
  11. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-24. 
  12. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-24. 
  13. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-24. 
  14. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/index.html
  15. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
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