Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers National Monument

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Col. Charles Young House
Colonel Charles Young House, front and western side.jpg
Front and side of the house
Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers National Monument is located in Ohio
Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers National Monument
Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers National Monument is located in the US
Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers National Monument
Location Columbus Pike between Clifton and Stevenson Rds., Wilberforce, Ohio
Coordinates 39°42′26″N 83°53′25″W / 39.707252°N 83.890227°W / 39.707252; -83.890227
Area 59.65 acres (24.14 ha)[1]
Built 1839 (1839)
Website Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers National Monument
NRHP reference # 74001506
Significant dates
Added to NRHP March 30, 1974[2]
Designated NHL May 30, 1974[3]

The Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers National Monument, a National Monument of the United States, commemorates the life of Charles Young (1864-1922), son of an escaped slave who rose to become a Buffalo Soldier in the United States Army and its first African-American colonel. It is located on United States Route 42 in Wilberforce, Ohio, in a house purchased by Young in 1907 that was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1974. The monument is administered by the National Park Service; the house is open by appointment for tours.

Description and history

The Charles Young House is located in a rural setting southwest of Wilberforce, on the north side of US 42 between Clifton and Stevenson Roads. The house is a eclectically styled 2-1/2 story brick building, with a gabled roof that has deeply overhanging eaves. A T-shaped porch extends across the middle three bays of the five-bay front facade, supported by square posts. A series of ells extend to the rear, giving the building a T shape.[4]

Charles Young was born into slavery in Kentucky in 1864. He was the third African American graduate of West Point, the first black U.S. national park superintendent, the first African American military attaché, and the highest ranking black officer in the United States Army until his death in 1922. He also taught military science at Wilberforce University, during which time he purchased this house, which he called "Youngsholm". The house was built in 1832, and is reported to have served as a way station on the Underground Railroad.[5]

On March 25, 2013, under the Antiquities Act, President Barack Obama designated the house as the Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers National Monument, a unit of the National Park Service.[1][6] Operated as a house museum with exhibits about Young and the Buffalo Soldiers, it is currently open for public visitation by appointment.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Obama, Barack (25 Mar 2013). "Presidential Proclamation -- Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers National Monument". The White House, Office of the Press Secretary. Retrieved 1 Jan 2018. 
  2. ^ National Park Service (2008-04-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  3. ^ "Colonel Charles Young House". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Archived from the original on 2011-06-06. Retrieved 2008-06-16. 
  4. ^ "NHL nomination for Colonel Charles Young House". National Park Service. Retrieved 2018-04-16. 
  5. ^ "Places - Youngsholm". National Park Service. Retrieved 2018-04-16. 
  6. ^ "Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers National Monument celebrated". Dayton Daily News. April 2, 2013. Archived from the original on March 9, 2014. 

External links

  • Official website
  • Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. OH-2249, "Colonel Charles Young House, Columbia Pike between Clifton & Stevenson Roads, Wilberforce, Greene County, OH", 9 photos, 4 data pages, 1 photo caption page
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