Charles Philip Yorke

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The Right Honourable
Charles Philip Yorke
FSA FRS
CP Yorke by George Romney.jpg
Home Secretary
In office
17 August 1803 – 12 May 1804
Monarch George III
Prime Minister Henry Addington
Preceded by Lord Pelham
Succeeded by The Lord Hawkesbury
Personal details
Born 12 March 1764 (1764-03-12)
Died 13 March 1834 (1834-03-14) (aged 70)
Nationality British
Political party Tory
Spouse(s) Harriott Manningham

Charles Philip Yorke PC, FRS, FSA (12 March 1764 – 13 March 1834), was a British politician. He notably served as Home Secretary from 1803 to 1804.

Political career

He sat as a Member of Parliament (MP) for Cambridgeshire from 1790 to 1810 and afterwards for Liskeard from 1812 to 1818. In 1801 he was appointed Secretary at War in Henry Addington's ministry, transferring to the Home Office in 1803, where he was a strong opponent of concession to the Roman Catholics. He made himself exceedingly unpopular in 1810 by bringing about the exclusion of strangers, including reporters for the press, from the House of Commons under the standing order, which led to the imprisonment of Sir Francis Burdett, 5th Baronet in the Tower and to riots in London. In the same year, Yorke joined Spencer Perceval's government as First Lord of the Admiralty. He retired from public life in 1818.

He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1801.

Family

Yorke was the second son of the Hon. Charles Yorke and grandson of Philip Yorke, 1st Earl of Hardwicke. His mother was Agneta, daughter of Henry Johnstone. His brother was Admiral Sir Joseph Sidney Yorke (1768–1831), whose son succeeded to the earldom of Hardwicke.

Yorke married Harriott, daughter of Charles Manningham, in 1790. They had no children. He died in March 1834, one day after his 70th birthday.

He had a natural son, Charles Eurwicke Douglas.[1]

Legacy

In 1802, Matthew Flinders named Yorke Peninsula in South Australia after Yorke.[2]

References

  1. ^ Walford, E. "The county families of the United Kingdom". Retrieved 5 June 2014. 
  2. ^ Flinders, Matthew (1966) [1814]. A Voyage to Terra Australis : undertaken for the purpose of completing the discovery of that vast country, and prosecuted in the years 1801, 1802, and 1803 in His Majesty's ship the Investigator, and subsequently in the armed vessel Porpoise and Cumberland Schooner; with an account of the shipwreck of the Porpoise, arrival of the Cumberland at Mauritius, and imprisonment of the commander during six years and a half in that island (Facsimile ed.). Adelaide; Facsimile reprint of: London : G. and W. Nicol, 1814 ed. In two volumes, with an Atlas (3 volumes): Libraries Board of South Australia. p. 257. Retrieved 5 January 2014. 
  • Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs

External links

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Philip Yorke
James Whorwood Adeane
Member of Parliament for Cambridgeshire
1790–1800
With: James Whorwood Adeane
Succeeded by
(Parliament of Great Britain abolished)
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
(self in Parliament of Great Britain)
Member of Parliament for Cambridgeshire
18011810
With: James Whorwood Adeane, to 1802
Sir Henry Peyton, Bt 1802
Lord Charles Manners 1802–1810
Succeeded by
Lord Charles Manners
Lord Francis Osborne
Preceded by
Sir Joseph Sidney Yorke
Matthew Montagu
Member of Parliament for St Germans
18101812
With: Matthew Montagu
Succeeded by
William Henry Pringle
Henry Goulburn
Preceded by
William Eliot
Viscount Hamilton
Member of Parliament for Liskeard
18121818
With: William Eliot
Succeeded by
William Eliot
Sir William Pringle
Political offices
Preceded by
Lord Pelham
Home Secretary
1803–1804
Succeeded by
Lord Hawkesbury
Preceded by
The Lord Mulgrave
First Lord of the Admiralty
1810–1812
Succeeded by
The Viscount Melville
Preceded by
Hon. William Eden
Teller of the Exchequer
1813–1834
Succeeded by
Charles William Manningham
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