Charles I, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld

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Charles I
Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld
Karl I. von Pfalz-Zweibruecken-Birkenfeld.jpg
Charles I, Count Palatine by Rhine, Duke in Bavaria, Count to Veldenz and Sponheim
Born (1560-09-04)4 September 1560
Neuburg an der Donau
Died 16 December 1600(1600-12-16) (aged 40)
Buried Meisenheim
Noble family House of Wittelsbach
Spouse(s) Dorothea of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Father Wolfgang, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
Mother Anna of Hesse

Charles I of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld (German: Karl I.; 4 September 1560 – 16 December 1600), Count Palatine of the Rhine, Duke in Bavaria, Count to Veldenz and Sponheim was the Duke of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld from 1569 until 1600.


Charles was born in Neuburg in 1560 as the youngest son of Wolfgang, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken. After his father's death in 1569, Charles and his brothers partitioned his territories: Charles received the Palatine share on the Rear County of Sponheim, a small territory around Birkenfeld. Charles is the founder of the House of Palatinate-Birkenfeld.

Charles died in Birkenfeld in 1600 and was buried in Meisenheim. Charles was a prince of a relatively unimportant state, and his chief fame is that the Kings of Bavaria descended from him.


Charles married Dorothea of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1 January 1570 – 15 August 1649), daughter of Duke William VI, on 23 February 1590 and had the following children:

  1. George William (6 August 1591 – 25 December 1669)
  2. Sophie (29 March 1593 – 16 November 1676)
  3. Frederick (29 October 1594 – 20 July 1626)
  4. Christian (3 November 1598 – 6 September 1654)



  • Jahresbericht [afterw.] Trierer Jahresberichte, 1858, p. 50 (Digitalised)

Preceded by:

Charles I

Succeeded by:

Wolfgang of Palatinate-Zweibrücken Duke of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld
George William of Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld
Christian I of Palatinate-Birkenfeld-Bischweiler
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