Charles Fefferman
Charles Fefferman | |
---|---|
Born |
Washington, D.C., United States |
April 18, 1949
Residence | United States |
Nationality | American |
Alma mater |
University of Maryland, College Park Princeton University |
Awards |
Alan T. Waterman Award (1976) Fields Medal (1978) Bergman Prize (1992) Bôcher Memorial Prize (2008) Wolf Prize (2017) |
Scientific career | |
Fields | Mathematics |
Institutions |
Princeton University, University of Chicago |
Doctoral advisor | Elias Stein |
Charles Louis Fefferman (born April 18, 1949) is an American mathematician at Princeton University. His primary field of research is mathematical analysis.
Contents
Biography
A child prodigy, Fefferman entered the University of Maryland at age 14,^{[1]}^{[2]}^{[5]} and had written his first scientific paper by the age of 15.^{[1]} He graduated with degrees in math and physics at 17,^{[6]} and earned his PhD in mathematics three years later from Princeton University, under Elias Stein. Fefferman achieved a full professorship at the University of Chicago at the age of 22, making him the youngest full professor ever appointed in the United States.^{[4]} At 24, he returned to Princeton as a full professor—a position he still holds^{[needs update]}. He won the Alan T. Waterman Award in 1976^{[2]} (the first person to get the award) and the Fields Medal in 1978 for his work in mathematical analysis, specifically convergence and divergence.^{[1]} He was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1979.^{[7]} He was appointed the Herbert Jones Professor at Princeton in 1984.
In addition to the above, his honors include the Salem Prize in 1971, the Bôcher Memorial Prize in 2008,^{[8]} the Bergman Prize in 1992,^{[9]} and the Wolf Prize in Mathematics for 2017,^{[10]} as well as election to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
Fefferman contributed several innovations that revised the study of multidimensional complex analysis by finding fruitful generalisations of classical low-dimensional results. Fefferman's work on partial differential equations, Fourier analysis, in particular convergence, multipliers, divergence, singular integrals and Hardy spaces earned him a Fields Medal at the International Congress of Mathematicians at Helsinki in 1978.^{[11]} He was a Plenary Speaker of the ICM in 1974 in Vancouver.^{[12]}
His early work included a study of the asymptotics of the Bergman kernel off the boundaries of pseudoconvex domains in . He has studied mathematical physics, harmonic analysis, fluid dynamics, neural networks, geometry, mathematical finance and spectral analysis, amongst others.
Family
Charles Fefferman and his wife Julie have two daughters, Nina and Lainie. Lainie Fefferman is a composer, taught math at Saint Ann's School (New York City) and holds a degree in music from Yale University as well as a Ph.D. in music composition from Princeton.^{[13]} She has an interest in Middle Eastern music.^{[14]} Nina is a computational biologist whose research is concerned with the application of mathematical models to complex biological systems.^{[15]} Charles Fefferman's brother, Robert Fefferman, is also a mathematician and former Dean of the Physical Sciences Division at the University of Chicago.^{[16]}
Works
Fefferman's most cited papers, in the order of citations, include the following.
- Fefferman, C.; Stein, E. M. (1972), "Hp spaces of several variables", Acta Mathematica, 129: 137–193, doi:10.1007/bf02392215
- Coifman, R.; Fefferman, C. (1974), "Weighted norm inequalities for maximal functions and singular integrals", Studia Mathematica, 51 (3): 241–250
- Fefferman, C.; Stein, E. M. (1971), "Some maximal inequalities", American Journal of Mathematics, 93 (1): 107–115, doi:10.2307/2373450, JSTOR 2373450
- Fefferman, Charles (1974), "The Bergman kernel and biholomorphic mappings of pseudoconvex domains", Inventiones mathematicae, 26 (1): 1–65, doi:10.1007/bf01406845
- Fefferman, Charles L. (1983), "The uncertainty principle", Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society, 9 (2): 129–206, doi:10.1090/s0273-0979-1983-15154-6
- Fefferman, Charles (1970), "Inequalities for strongly singular convolution operators", Acta Mathematica, 124: 9–36, doi:10.1007/bf02394567
- Constantin, P.; Fefferman, C.; Majda, A. J. (1996), "Geometric constraints on potentially singular solutions for the 3-D Euler equations", Communications in Partial Differential Equations, 21 (3–4): 559–571, doi:10.1080/03605309608821197
- Fefferman, Charles (1971), "The multiplier problem for the ball", Annals of Mathematics, 94 (2): 330–336, doi:10.2307/1970864, JSTOR 1970864
Notes
- ^ ^{a} ^{b} ^{c} "Interview with Charles Fefferman - OpenMind". OpenMind. 2014-01-07. Retrieved 2017-10-22.
- ^ ^{a} ^{b} Haitch, Richard (1976-07-04). "Charlie Fefferman, Princeton mathematician, and an equation in his hand". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-10-22.
- ^ "Q and A with Prof. Charles Fefferman GS '69". The Princetonian. Retrieved 2017-10-22.
- ^ ^{a} ^{b} Schumacher, Edward (February 27, 1979). "A prodigy keeps young by just thinking". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. 21. Retrieved 2017-10-22.
- ^ Some sources say age 12.^{[3]}^{[4]}
- ^ "Hall Of Fame". University of Maryland Alumni Association. 2016-05-24. Retrieved 2017-10-22.
- ^ "Charles Fefferman". www.nasonline.org. Retrieved 2017-10-22.
- ^ "2008 Bôcher Prize" (PDF). American Mathematical Society. 2008. Retrieved 2017-10-22.
- ^ "American Mathematical Society". www.ams.org. Retrieved 2017-10-22.
- ^ "Wolf Prize to be awarded to eight laureates from US, UK and Switzerland". The Jerusalem Post | JPost.com. Retrieved 2017-10-22.
- ^ Carleson, Lennart. "The work of Charles Fefferman." Proceedings of the International Congress of Mathematicians, Helsinki, 1978. vol. 1: 53–56.
- ^ Fefferman, Charles. "Recent progress in classical Fourier analysis." Proceedings of the International Congress of Mathematicians, Vancouver, 1974. vol. 1: 95–118.
- ^ "At Hooding, advanced-degree recipients, advisers celebrate a long, successful journey". Princeton University. Retrieved 2017-10-22.
- ^ "Lainie Fefferman". lainiefefferman.com. Retrieved 2017-10-22.
- ^ "Fefferman Lab". www.rci.rutgers.edu. Retrieved 2017-10-22.
- ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-02-04. Retrieved 2012-01-29. Robert Fefferman webpage at the University of Chicago Office of the President
External links
- O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Charles Fefferman", MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews.
- Charles Fefferman at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
- Charles Fefferman Curriculum Vitae
- "Ad Honorem Charles Fefferman" (PDF). Notices of the American Mathematical Society. 64 (11): 1254–1273. December 2017.
- 1949 births
- Living people
- 20th-century American mathematicians
- 21st-century American mathematicians
- Fields Medalists
- Complex analysts
- Mathematical analysts
- PDE theorists
- Members of the United States National Academy of Sciences
- Princeton University faculty
- Princeton University alumni
- University of Chicago faculty
- Jewish American scientists
- University of Maryland, College Park alumni
- Sloan Research Fellows
- Wolf Prize in Mathematics laureates
- Mathematicians from Washington, D.C.