Charles, Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld

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Charles, Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld
Carlod'Assia-Philippsthal-Barchfeld.jpg
Born (1784-06-27)27 June 1784
Barchfeld
Died 17 July 1854(1854-07-17) (aged 70)
Philippsthal
Noble family House of Hesse
Spouse(s) Auguste of Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen
Sophie of Bentheim and Steinfurt
Father Adolph, Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld
Mother Princess Louise of Saxe-Meiningen

Landgrave Charles August Ludwig Philip of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld (27 June 1784 in Barchfeld – 17 July 1854 in Philippsthal) was a member of the House of Hesse and was the ruling Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld from 1803 to 1806 and from 1813 until his death.

Life

Charles was a son of the Landgrave Adolph of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld (1743-1803) from his marriage to Louise (1752-1805 ), the daughter of the Duke Anton Ulrich of Saxe-Meiningen. In 1803, he succeeded his father as Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld.

In 1806, Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld was annexed by the Kingdom of Westphalia. After Napoleon had been defeated in the Battle of Leipzig, Charles was restored as Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld under the supremacy of the Electorate of Hesse.

Charles served in the Prussian and later joined the Russian army. He fought on the Russian side in the Napoleonic wars, in particular in the Battle of Borodino. After he retired from the Russian military service, he joined the Hessain army, where he was promoted to lieutenant general in 1836.

He later lived at Augustenau Castle in Herleshausen.

Marriage and issue

Charles first married on 19 Jul 1816, in Öhringen, to Auguste (1793-1821), the daughter of Prince Frederick Louis of Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen, with whom he had the following children:

  • Bertha (1818-1888), married in 1839 Prince Louis of Bentheim and Steinfurt (1812-1890)
  • Emily (1821-1836)

He married his second wife on 10 September 1823 in Steinfurt. She was Sophie (1794-1873), the daughter of Prince Louis William Geldricus Ernest of Bentheim and Steinfurt, with whom he had the following children:

  • Victor (1824-1846)
  • Alexander (1826-1841)
  • Alexis (1829-1905), Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld
married in 1854 to Princess Louise of Prussia (1829-1901), divorced in 1861

Ancestors

References

  • Johann Samuel Ersch (ed.): Allgemeine Encyclopädie der Wissenschaften und Künste in alphabetischer ..., p. 297
Charles, Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld
Born: 27 June 1784 Died: 17 July 1854
Preceded by
Adolph
Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld
1803-1854
Succeeded by
Alexis
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