Changjin Line

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Changjin Line
Overview
Native name 장진선(長津線)
Type Heavy rail, Regional rail
Status Operational
Locale South Hamgyŏng
Termini Yŏnggwang
Sasu
Stations 13
Operation
Opened 1 October 1926 (Yŏnggwang—Sangt'ong)
1 September 1934 (Sangt'ong—Samgŏ)
1 November 1934 (Samgŏ—Kujin)
Closed 15 July 1935 (Sindae—Kujin)
30 Aug. 1935 (Sasu—Sindae)
Owner Korean State Railway
Operator(s) Korean State Railway
Technical
Line length 58.6 km (36.4 mi)
Number of tracks Single track
Track gauge 762 mm (2 ft 6 in)
Maximum incline 370‰
Route map

DPRK-Changjin Line.png

Sinhŭng Line (yellow: std gauge)
Chŭngnimgang
0.0 Yŏnggwang
yellow: Sinhŭng Line std
red: 762mm ng
Narrow-gauge maintenance shops
Power station
3.6 Tongyang
9.1 Songdang
11.4 Tongchŏng Closed
13.3 Sangt'ong
17.3 Ryongsu
23.3 Hagich'ŏn
Hagich'ŏn town
Powerplant
28.4 Samgŏ
 
0.0
Cable-hauled section - bottom end
Powerplant
32.0 Pojang
Yŏnggwang-gun/Changjin-gun
 
7.4
Cable-hauled section - summit end
Cable-hauling machinery house
Summit
35.8 Hwangch'oryŏng
Kot'o town
41.2 Kot'oEngine house
46.4 Pusŏng Closed
49.2 Sangp'yŏng
Changjin airbase
Changjin town
54.3 Changjin
58.6 Sasu
62.7 Sindae Closed 1935
68.4 Chungnam Closed 1935
75.1 Kujin Closed 1935
Changjin Line
Chosŏn'gŭl 장진선
Hancha
Revised Romanization Jangjin-seon
McCune–Reischauer Changjin-sŏn

The Changjin Line is an electrified narrow gauge line of the North Korean State Railway running from Yŏnggwang on the Sinhŭng Line to Sasu on Lake Changjin.[1] There is a 7.4 km cable-hauled section between Samgo and Hwangch'oryong; between Pojang and Hwangch'oryong the grade reaches 370‰.[2]

History

In 1923 the privately owned Sinhŭng Railway opened the mainline of its Hamnam Line (not to be confused with the line of the same name of the Chosen Magnesite Development Railway, nowadays called Kŭmgol Line), from Hamhŭng to Sinhŭng via Oro (nowadays called Yŏnggwang), and subsequently expanded the line with the addition of a branch from Oro to Sangt'ong that was opened on 1 October 1926.

In 1934, to aid in the construction of a new hydroelectric power plant on the Changjin River, and to exploit forestry and other resources in the area, the Sinhŭng Railway began opening its Changjin Line. The first section, from Sangt'ong to Samgŏ, was opened on 1 September 1934,[3] followed by an extension from Samgŏ to Kujin on 1 November of the same year.[4] Later, the Sindae—Kujin section was closed on 15 July 1935,[5] followed by the closure of the Sasu—Sindae section on 30 August 1935.[6]

The Sinhŭng Railway was bought and absorbed by the Chosen Railway on 22 April 1938.[7]

Following the establishment of the DPRK, all railways in northern Korea were nationalised, becoming part of the Korean State Railway.[1] The Chosen Railway's Hamnam, Songhŭng and Changjin Lines were split up, with the mainline of the Hamnam Line and the Songhŭng Line merged to become the Sinhŭng Line, while the Yŏnggwang—Sang'tong branch was split off from the Hamnam Line and added to the Changjin Line, and the line was later electrified. Although the Hamhŭng—Sinhŭng section was rebuilt to standard gauge by the Korean State Railway,[8] the Changjin Line remained narrow gauge.

Services

Although significant for passenger transport in the area, the bulk of the trains on the Changjin Line are for freight transport, with the majority of traffic being outbound cargo - in the mid 1980s, 62.1% of all freight traffic originated on the line for shipment elsewhere, while only 37.9% being traffic from elsewhere destined for points on the line. Wood accounts for the vast majority of outbound freight - up to 78.8% in the 1980s, with grain, ore and metals being the other major commodities. Of inbound goods, coal is the most important at 36.7% of the total (of which up to 20% is anthracite), followed by rice and other grains (18.9%), fertiliser (11.9%), sea products (8.2%) and cement (4.2%).[2]

Route

A yellow background in the "Distance" box indicates that section of the line is not electrified; a pink background indicates that section is 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) narrow gauge; an orange background indicates that section is non-electrified narrow gauge.

Distance
(Total; km)
Distance
(S2S; km)
Station Name
(Transcribed)
Station Name
(Chosŏn'gŭl (Hanja))
Former Name
(Transcribed)
Former Name
(Chosŏn'gŭl (Hanja))
Connections
0.0 0.0 Yŏnggwang 영광 (栄光) Oro 오로 (五老) Sinhŭng Line
3.6 3.6 Tongyang 동양 (東陽)
9.1 5.5 Songdang 송당 (松堂)
13.3 4.2 Sangt'ong 상통 (上通)
17.4 4.1 Ryongsu 룡수 (龍水)
23.4 6.0 Hagich'ŏn 하기천 (下岐川)
28.4 5.0 Samgŏ 삼거 (三巨)
32.0 3.6 Pojang 부장 (堡庄)
35.8 3.8 Hwangch'oryŏng 황초령 (黄草嶺)
41.2 5.4 Kot'o 고토 (古土)
46.4 5.2 Pusŏng 부성 (富盛) Closed
49.2 2.8 Sangp'yŏng 상평 (上坪)
54.3 5.1 Changjin 장진 (長津)
58.6 4.0 Sasu 사수 (泗水)
62.7 4.1 Sindae 신대 (新垈) Closed 15 July 1935[6]
68.4 5.2 Chungnam 중남 (中南) Closed 15 July 1935[5]
75.1 5.2 Kujin 구진 (舊津) Closed 15 July 1935[5]

References

  1. ^ a b Kokubu, Hayato, 将軍様の鉄道 (Shōgun-sama no Tetsudō), ISBN 978-4-10-303731-6
  2. ^ a b "북한지리정보: 운수지리 - 장진선". Retrieved 2017-01-18. 
  3. ^ 朝鮮總督府官報 (The Public Journal of the Governor-General of Korea), Shōwa No. 2298, 5 September 1934
  4. ^ 朝鮮總督府官報 (The Public Journal of the Governor-General of Korea), Shōwa No. 2348, 7 November 1934
  5. ^ a b c 朝鮮總督府官報 (The Public Journal of the Governor-General of Korea), Shōwa No. 2557, 22 July 1935
  6. ^ a b 朝鮮總督府官報 (The Public Journal of the Governor-General of Korea), Shōwa No. 2595, 4 September 1935
  7. ^ 朝鮮總督府官報 (The Public Journal of the Governor-General of Korea), Shōwa No. 3385, 3 May 1938
  8. ^ http://terms.naver.com/entry.nhn?docId=2090778&cid=44454&categoryId=44461
  • Ministry of Railways (1937), 鉄道停車場一覧. 昭和12年10月1日現在(The list of the stations, Status as of 1 October 1937), Kawaguchi Printing, p511, 517
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