Chamchamal

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Chamchamal
Town
A Chamchamal town center view, 2009.jpg
Chamchamal is located in Iraqi Kurdistan
Chamchamal
Chamchamal
Chamchamal is located in Iraq
Chamchamal
Chamchamal
Coordinates: 35°32′0″N 44°50′0″E / 35.53333°N 44.83333°E / 35.53333; 44.83333Coordinates: 35°32′0″N 44°50′0″E / 35.53333°N 44.83333°E / 35.53333; 44.83333
Country  Iraq
Autonomous region  Kurdistan
Province Sulaymaniyah Governorate

Ryaz Fayaq Shalay

Chamchamal is a city located in Kirkuk Governorate, Iraq and it is one of the disputed territories of Northern Iraq. The population of this city is estimated to be around 200,000 peop Chamchamal (Kurdish: Çemçemall چه‌مچه‌ماڵ‎, Arabic جمجمال, ) is a city located in Kirkuk Governorate, Iraq and it is one of the disputed territories of Northern Iraq . The population of this city is estimated to be around 200,000 people.

Population and location

The city is a 30 minutes drive east from Kirkuk and an hour west of Sulaymaniyah.[1] The population was 58,000 in 2003.[1] More recent reports cite a population of 250,000, including 25,000 Arabs.[2]

Climate

Climate data for Chamchamal
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 10.3
(50.5)
12.2
(54)
16.6
(61.9)
22.6
(72.7)
30.1
(86.2)
36.7
(98.1)
40.4
(104.7)
40.2
(104.4)
36.2
(97.2)
29.5
(85.1)
20.1
(68.2)
13.0
(55.4)
25.7
(78.2)
Average low °C (°F) 1.3
(34.3)
2.5
(36.5)
6.0
(42.8)
10.6
(51.1)
15.8
(60.4)
21.3
(70.3)
24.6
(76.3)
24.7
(76.5)
20.3
(68.5)
14.9
(58.8)
8.6
(47.5)
3.3
(37.9)
12.8
(55.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 126
(4.96)
104
(4.09)
108
(4.25)
60
(2.36)
29
(1.14)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
5
(0.2)
47
(1.85)
86
(3.39)
565
(22.24)
Source: Climate-data.org

Language

Kurdish Sorani and laki is spoken by most inhabitants.[citation needed]

History

The city has a historic citadel, and early Western observers of the region speculated that it has been inhabited since the Sassanid period.[3] The Chamchamal valley is also home to important paleolithic sites of Jarmo and Zarzi.[4]

References

  1. ^ a b "Letter From Chamchamal, Iraq — March 17, 2003". Poynter. Retrieved 2016-01-20. 
  2. ^ "Sulaimani arrests 30 Arab refugees for ISIS ties". Rudaw. Retrieved 2016-01-20. 
  3. ^ "Historic landmarks under threat in Chamchamal, Iraqi Kurdistan". ekurd.net. 2009-09-01. Retrieved 2016-01-20. 
  4. ^ (UNESCO), Sanz, Nuria (2015-09-07). Human origin sites and the World Heritage Convention in Eurasia. UNESCO Publishing. ISBN 9789231001079. 


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