Chamber of Deputies (Kingdom of Italy)

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The Palazzo Montecitorio, seat of the Chamber from 1871.

The Chamber of Deputies of the Kingdom of Italy (Camera dei deputati del Regno d'Italia) was the main legislative body of the Kingdom of Italy descended from the lower house of the Kingdom of Sardinia, but supplemented with deputies from territories captured during the Second Italian War of Independence and the Expedition of the Thousand. Along with the Senate of the Kingdom of Italy, it formed the Italian Parliament from 1861 until 1939.

Its electors were initially selected by wealth and then by literacy, before the introduction of universal suffrage for all men over 21 in 1919. It was elected using a system that was based on both majorities and proportionality.

It was based in the Palazzo Carignano in Turin (1861-1865), the Palazzo Vecchio in Florence (1865-1871) and finally the Palazzo Montecitorio (1871-1939). It was formed at the same time as the Kingdom of Italy in 1861, though its first sitting is known as the 7th Legislature of the Kingdom of Italy, since the 1st to 6th Legislatures are those of the Kingdom of Sardinia. Its last sitting was the 29th Legislature of the Kingdom of Italy, which ended in 1939 when the Chamber voted to dissolve itself and replace itself with the Chamber of Fasci and Corporations.

Bibliography

  • (in Italian) Francesco Bartolotta (ed), Parlamenti e governi d'Italia dal 1848 al 1970, Roma, Vito Bianco Ed., 1971.
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