Chakdaha

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Chakdaha
City
Chakdaha is located in West Bengal
Chakdaha
Chakdaha
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 23°05′N 88°31′E / 23.08°N 88.52°E / 23.08; 88.52Coordinates: 23°05′N 88°31′E / 23.08°N 88.52°E / 23.08; 88.52
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Nadia
Government
 • Type Municipality
 • Body Chairman
 • MLA Ratna Ghosh
Area
 • Total 15.36 km2 (5.93 sq mi)
Elevation 11 m (36 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 132,855
 • Density 8,600/km2 (22,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 741222
Lok Sabha constituency Ranaghat
Vidhan Sabha constituency Chakdaha
Website www.chakdaha.org

Chakdaha is a city and a municipality in Kalyani subdivision of Nadia district in the state of West Bengal, India.[1]

History

Chakdaha is a prominent urban local body in the district of Nadia – Nadia being one of the southern districts of West Bengal. Located on the banks of Bhagirathi River, Chakdaha derived its name from its mythological past. According to one of these stories, when king Bhagiratha was taking Ganga along this path, the wheel of his chariot got stuck in the sand, and from then onwards, that place became known as 'Chakradaha' or 'Chakdaha'. In 1885 it is a village with population of 5000 people. In 1886 it was declared as municipality on May Day by British Architectural Engineer - John Beglar.

Rulers

  • Kazi Itesham Uddin
  • Gangesa Upadhyaya
  • Bhuia King – Pratapaditya
  • Murshid Quli Khan
  • British East India Company

Geography

Chakdaha is located at 23°05′N 88°31′E / 23.08°N 88.52°E / 23.08; 88.52.[2] It has an average elevation of 11 metres (36 feet). 62 km north of state capital [Kolkata]. It is on National Highway 12 (old number NH 34).

Police station

Chadaha police station has jurisdiction over Chakdaha municipal town and Chakdaha CD Block.[3][4]The total area covered by the police station is 351.19 km2 and the population covered is 458,834 (2001 census).[5]

Demographics

In the 2011 census, Chakdaha Urban Agglomeration had a population of 132,855, out of which 67,135 65 were males and 65,720 were females. The 0–5 years population was 9,829. Effective literacy rate for the 7+ population was 90.95 per cent.[6]

Economy

Singher Hat is the second largest vegetables market in this state. Both Wholesale and Retail business have developed here. The Economy of Chakdaha and its surrounding region is mostly based on agriculture and Clothes Market. Chakdaha today is totally service sector oriented economy along with business as an unorganized informal sector. People living in this region work in the neighbouring areas and in Kolkata.

The biggest industrial undertaking in Chakdaha is Supreme Paper Mills Ltd., a paper mill producing Writing & Printing Paper since 1982. Apart from that there are a number of small plastic factories present.

IT infrastructure is getting popularised lately.

Education

Chakdaha College was established at Chakdaha in 1972. Affiliated to the University of Kalyani, it offers honours courses in Bengali, English, Sanskrit, economics, history, political science, geography, physics, chemistry, mathematics, botany, zoology and accountancy.[7][8] Few high schools and primary schools are there. There are 8 quality English Medium Schools in the central area of Chakdaha City

Healthcare

Chakdah State General Hospital is one of the best state general hospitals in west Bengal has 500 beds.[9]

Culture

Festivals

Durga-puja, like in all other Bengali communities, is the largest and most colourful festival and is celebrated throughout the town.Other festivals like Jagadhhatri Puja, Holi, Rath-yatra etc. are also popular.

Entertainment and sports

Cultural programmes are mostly held in the Sampriti Manch and Chakdaha Pouro Mukto Mancha. Each winter one large cultural program (better known as Melas) takes place in Chakdaha. Since 2014 'Chakdaha Book Fair' is started. Flower Exhibition is one of the popular event in this town.

Cricket and football are the most popular sports. Indian Woman Cricketer and the leading wicket taker in ODI cricket Jhulan Goswami hails from Chakdaha.[10][11]

Transportation

The city is well connected to the Sealdah railway station through the Sealdah-Ranaghat Line. Local and passenger trains are available Shortly. Distance between Kolkata to Chakdaha is 62 km by Rails. From Chakdaha railway station, trains travel both north and south. Local trains are available to: Ranaghat, Krishnagar, Shantipur, Gede, and Sealdah. A handful of passenger trains between Lalgola and Sealdah also stop at chakdaha.

Distance between Kolkata to Chakdaha is 69 km by Road. Chakdah has an important & busy Bus Stand which is mainly connected with Chakda-Bongaon road and NH-34, It has bus connectivity mainly with Bangaon.and It is also connecting with Barasat, Ranaghat, Tehatta, Aishmali, Nimtala and other parts of Nadia and 24 pgs(N) district. CSTC, SBST buses plying from Kolkata going to North Bengal also has a stop at Chakdah on NH-34. Buses ply to Krishnanagar, Hanskhali, Palassey, Bethua, baharampur and other parts of State. Some long-distance night buses to north Bengal are also available. People in general, though prefer trains because of ready availability and more convenience.

Nearest airport from the town being the Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport at Dum Dum, 58 km from the town.

See also

Chakdaha (Community development block)

References

  1. ^ "District Wise List of Statutory Towns". Census of India 2001, Urban Frame. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-10-06. 
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Chakdaha
  3. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Nadia". Table 2.1. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 17 May 2017. 
  4. ^ "Nadia District Police". Police Unit. West Bengal Police. Retrieved 17 May 2017. 
  5. ^ "Chakdaha Police Station Details". Nadia Police. Retrieved 17 May 2017. 
  6. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-21. 
  7. ^ "Chakdaha College". CC. Retrieved 26 May 2017. 
  8. ^ "Chakdaha College". College Admission. Retrieved 26 May 2017. 
  9. ^ "Health & Family Welfare Department". Health Statistics. Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 30 May 2017. 
  10. ^ http://www.cricbuzz.com/profiles/9073/jhulan-goswami
  11. ^ http://www.cricbuzz.com/cricket-news/94510/jhulan-goswami-becomes-leading-wicket-taker-in-odis
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