Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee

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Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee
چیئرمین مشترکہ رؤسائے عملہ کمیٹی
Flag of the Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee.svg
Flag of the Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee
General Zubair.jpg
General Zubair Mahmood Hayat

since November 28, 2016
Ministry of Defence
Abbreviation CJCSC
Member of Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee
Reports to Prime Minister of Pakistan
Seat Joint Staff Headquarters
Rawalpindi, Pakistan
Nominator The Prime Minister
Appointer The President
Term length 3 years
renewable once
Precursor Chief of Staff to the Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy
Formation 1 March 1976
First holder General Muhammad Sharif
Deputy DG Joint Staff

The Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee (CJCSC) is, in principle, the highest-ranking and senior most military officer, typically at four-star rank, in the Pakistan Armed Forces who serves as a principal military adviser to the civilian government led by elected Prime minister of Pakistan and his/her National Security Council.:153–154[1] The role of advisement is also extended to the elected members in the bicameral Parliament and the Ministry of Defence.:42[2] The Chairman leads the meetings and coordinates the combined efforts of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee (JCSC), comprising the Chairman, the Chief of Army Staff and Chief of Air Staff and the Chief of Naval Staff, Commandant of Marines, DG Strategic Plans Division, and commanders of the service branches in the paramilitary command.:145–146[3]

Even as the Principal Staff Officer (PSO), the Chairman does not have any authority over the command of the combatant forces.:145[4] The individual service chiefs are solely responsible for the coordination and logistics of the armed and combatant forces. Due to this constraint, the chiefs of army, navy and air force are much in command and control of their respected commands.:146–147[4]

The Chairman's mandate is to transmit strategic communications to the combatant commanders from the Prime minister and President as well as allocate additional funding to the combatant commanders if necessary.:146–147[4] The Chairman is nominated and appointed by the Prime Minister; and is finally confirmed by the President.:1147[4] Unlike United States's Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the appointment of Chairman does not need confirmation via majority vote by the Parliament. Although, the appointment needs confirmation from the Prime minister. By statute, the Chairman is appointed as a four-star general, four-star air chief marshal and/or four star admiral. By law required, all four-star officers are required to have vast experience in joint uniformed services of Pakistan during their 40-year-long military careers.:148[4]

The post of CJCSC was created by former Prime minister of Pakistan Zulfikar Ali Bhutto in March 1976, and the first Chairman was four star rank officer, General Muhammad Shariff. The current holder of the office is General Zubair Mahmood Hayat appointed in 2016. Graduated from Cantt Public School (F G Cantt Public School) Malir Cantt Karachi in 1976.[5]

Appointment preferences

Despite the post of the chairmanship is bound constitutionally for the rotation, the army generals are strongly preferred for such post, despite coming short of their qualifications, by the civilian prime ministers in a view of stabilizing the civil military relations.:229[6]:426–427[7]

Unlike the American system where the balance is made between the branches of the U.S. military, the majority of the chairmen are appointed from the department of the army, superseding the officers in the navy, marines, and the air force.[8]

In 1999, Prime Minister Sharif notably refused to appoint the senior most officer, Admiral Fasih Bokhari, to such post in favor of appointing junior-most officer, Gen. Pervez Musharraf. This action of Prime Minister Sharif led towards Adm. Bokhar revolting against this decision in public in 1999, creating strain in the relation between the civilian government and the military.[9]

The four-star admirals in the Pakistan Navy have been notably superseded by the junior army officers, in instances took place in 2005 when Adm. Karim was superseded by junior-most Lt-Gen. Ehsan ul Haq[10] and, in 2011 when Adm. Numan was bypassed in favor of Lt-Gen. Wynne.[11] In 2014, the practice continued by the civil government when Adm. Asif Sandila was bypassed and overlooked when the junior most officer, Lt-Gen. Rashad Mahmood was eventually appointed as Chairman joint chiefs.[12][13]

Seniority in Navy's Candidacy for Chairman joint chiefs Eventual Appointment for Chairman joint chiefs from Army Year Zone of appointment
Adm. Fasih Bokhari Lt-Gen. Pervez Musharraf 1999
Adm. Shahid Karim-ullah Lt-Gen. Ehsan ul Haq 2006
Adm. Noman Bashir Lt-Gen. K. Shamim Wynne 2011
Adm. Asif Sandila Lt-Gen. Rashad Mahmood 2014

Due to such preferential treatments given to army department, the retired admirals have given a strong criticism of such criterion, expressing their dissatisfaction towards the appointment processes.[14]

List of Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee

No. Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee Took office Left office Time in office Defence branch Prime Minister
Muhammad Shariff NI(M), SI(M)
Shariff, MuhammadGeneral
Muhammad Shariff NI(M), SI(M)
1 March 1976 22 January 1977 327 days  Pakistan Army Bhutto, Zulfikar AliZulfikar Ali Bhutto
Mohammad Sharif NI(M), HI(M), SI(M), HJ, SJ, SK
Shariff, MohammadAdmiral
Mohammad Sharif NI(M), HI(M), SI(M), HJ, SJ, SK
22 January 1977 13 April 1980 3 years, 82 days  Pakistan Navy Bhutto, Zulfikar AliZulfikar Ali Bhutto
Iqbal Khan NI(M), SBt
Khan, IqbalGeneral
Iqbal Khan NI(M), SBt
13 April 1980 22 March 1984 3 years, 344 days  Pakistan Army *None
1977 – 1985
Rahimuddin Khan NI(M), SBt
Khan, RahimuddinGeneral
Rahimuddin Khan NI(M), SBt
(born 1924)
22 March 1984 29 March 1987 3 years, 38 days  Pakistan Army Junejo, Mohammad KhanMohammad Khan Junejo
Akhtar Abdur Rahman NI(M), SBt
Rahman, Akhtar AbdurGeneral
Akhtar Abdur Rahman NI(M), SBt
29 March 1987 17 August 1988 † 1 year, 110 days  Pakistan Army Junejo, Mohammad KhanMohammad Khan Junejo
Iftikhar Ahmed Sirohey NI(M), HI(M), SI(M), SBt
Sirohey, Iftikhar AhmedAdmiral
Iftikhar Ahmed Sirohey NI(M), HI(M), SI(M), SBt
(born 1934)
10 November 1988 17 August 1991 2 years, 280 days  Pakistan Navy Bhutto, BenazirBenazir Bhutto
Shamim Allam NI(M), SJ, SBt
Khan, Shamim AlamGeneral
Shamim Allam NI(M), SJ, SBt
(born 1937)
17 August 1991 9 November 1994 3 years, 84 days  Pakistan Army Sharif, NawazNawaz Sharif
Feroz Khan NI(M), SBt
Khan, Farooq FerozeAir Chief Marshal
Feroz Khan NI(M), SBt
(born 1939)
10 November 1994 9 November 1997 2 years, 364 days  Pakistan Air Force Bhutto, BenazirBenazir Bhutto
Jehangir Karamat NI(M), SBt
Karamat, JehangirGeneral
Jehangir Karamat NI(M), SBt
(born 1941)
9 November 1997 7 October 1998 332 days  Pakistan Army Sharif, NawazNawaz Sharif
Pervez Musharraf NI(M), TBt
Musharraf, PervezGeneral
Pervez Musharraf NI(M), TBt
(born 1943)
7 October 1998 7 October 2001 3 years, 0 days  Pakistan Army Sharif, NawazNawaz Sharif
Aziz Khan NI(M), SBt
Khan, AzizGeneral
Aziz Khan NI(M), SBt
(born 1947)
7 October 2001 7 October 2004 3 years, 0 days  Pakistan Army Jamali, Zafarullah KhanZafarullah Khan Jamali
Ehsan ul Haq NI(M)
ul Haq, EhsanGeneral
Ehsan ul Haq NI(M)
(born 1949)
7 October 2004 7 October 2007 3 years, 0 days  Pakistan Army Aziz, ShaukatShaukat Aziz
Tariq Majid NI(M), HI(M)
Majid, TariqGeneral
Tariq Majid NI(M), HI(M)
(born 1950)
7 October 2007 7 October 2010 3 years, 0 days  Pakistan Army Soomro, Muhammad MianMuhammad Mian Soomro
Yousaf Raza Gillani
Khalid Shameem Wynne NI(M)
Wynne, Khalid ShameemGeneral
Khalid Shameem Wynne NI(M)
8 October 2010 8 October 2013 3 years, 0 days  Pakistan Army Gillani, Yousaf RazaYousaf Raza Gillani
Raja Pervaiz Ashraf
Mir Hazar Khan Khoso
Ashfaq Parvez Kayani NI(M), HI(M)
Kayani, Ashfaq ParvezGeneral
Ashfaq Parvez Kayani NI(M), HI(M)
(born 1952)
8 October 2013 27 November 2013 50 days  Pakistan Army Sharif, NawazNawaz Sharif
Rashad Mahmood NI(M)
Mahmood, RashadGeneral
Rashad Mahmood NI(M)
(born 1953)
27 November 2013 28 November 2016 3 years, 1 day  Pakistan Army Sharif, NawazNawaz Sharif
Zubair Hayat NI(M)
Hayat, Zubair MahmoodGeneral
Zubair Hayat NI(M)
(born 1960)
28 November 2016 Incumbent 2 years, 346 days  Pakistan Army Sharif, NawazNawaz Sharif
Shahid Khaqan Abbasi
Imran Khan

Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff by Branch of Service

Car used by Chairman Joint Chiefs with the flag and star plate (General Ehsan ul Haq's car in 2006)
  • Army - 13
  • Navy - 2
  • Air Force - 1

See also


  1. ^ General Sharif resigned in 1977 after the coup but had been ineffective from his duty as early as 22 January 1977. Admiral M.S. Khan filled his position on several occasion. General Sharif's resignation was not approved until March 1979.


  1. ^ USA, IBP (2009). "Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee". Pakistan Air Force Handbook: Strategic Information and Contacts (google books) (3rd ed.). Islamabad: p. 222. ISBN 9781438737027.
  2. ^ Cheema, Pervaiz Iqbal (2002). The armed forces of Pakistan (1st ed.). New York: New York University Press. p. 200. ISBN 9780814716335. Retrieved 30 December 2017.
  3. ^ Rizvi, H. (2000). "Civilian interlude". Military, State and Society in Pakistan (googlebooks) (1st ed.). New York, U.S.: Springer. p. 295. ISBN 9780230599048. Retrieved 30 December 2017.
  4. ^ a b c d e Rizvi, H. (2000). "Civilian Interlude". Military, State and Society in Pakistan (google books). U.K.: Springer. p. 300. ISBN 9780230599048. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  5. ^
  6. ^ Shafqat, Saeed (1997). Civil-military relations in Pakistan : from Zulfikar Ali Bhutto to Benazir Bhutto. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press. ISBN 9780813388090.
  7. ^ Nawaz, Shuja. Crossed Swords: Pakistan, Its Army, and the Wars Within. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195476606. Retrieved 1 February 2017.
  8. ^ Dogar, PA, Brig. Yakob Ali (January 1999). "Pakistan's Higher Defence Organization". Islamabad, Pakistan: defence Journal, Ali. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  9. ^ Siddiqi, M A (8 September 2017). "Only PM to choose 30% of Pakistan's army chiefs". The Friday Times. The Friday Times. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  10. ^ "New JCSC chief, VCOAS appointed". Dawn Newspapers. 3 October 2004. Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  11. ^ Maverick Pakistan release. "Navy chief to command Pakistani military". Maverick Pakistan release. Retrieved 11 March 2013.
  12. ^ "Nawaz meets Kayani; appointment of new CJCSC discussed". DAWN.COM. 4 October 2013. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  13. ^ "CJCSC headhunt: Names shortlisted for Gen Wynne's replacement | The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 2 October 2013. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  14. ^ Amin, A.H (May 2001). "Remembering Our Warriors – Vice Admiral Tasneem". Islamabad, Pakistan: Defence Journal, Amin. Retrieved 18 August 2017.

External links

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