L'Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planétologie

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The L'Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planétologie (IRAP), formerly the Centre d'Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements (CESR), is a French laboratory of space astrophysics. It is located in Toulouse. The center's main areas of investigation are: space plasmas, planetology, the high energy universe, and the cold universe.

The center is jointly operated by CNRS and Toulouse's Paul Sabatier University, and was opened on 1 January 2011.[1]


The ChemCam instrument on Curiosity (Mars Science Laboratory) was developed by CESR in conjunction with the Los Alamos National Laboratory.[2][3] It landed on the planet Mars in August 2012.

The SuperCam instrument on Mars 2020 is being developed by IRAP in conjunction with the Los Alamos National Laboratory.[4] It is being prepared for launch 2020.


  1. ^ "IRAP: Introduction". Irap.omp.eu. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
  2. ^ "MSL Science Corner: Chemistry & Camera (ChemCam)". NASA/JPL.
  3. ^ "Corrections and Clarifications: News of the Week". Science. 322 (5907): 1466. 5 December 2008. doi:10.1126/science.322.5907.1466a.
  4. ^ "SuperCam". Mars 2020 Rover. NASA. Retrieved 7 July 2018.

External links

  • Official website

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