Central Readiness Force

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Central Readiness Force
JGSDF Central Readiness Force.svg
Official Central Readiness Force insignia
Active March 28, 2007 – present
Country Japan Japan
Branch Flag of the Japan Self-Defense Forces.svg Japan Ground Self-Defense Force
Type Rapid Reaction Force
Role Special operations
Direct Action
Air assault
Unconventional Warfare
Domestic and International Counter-Terrorism
Counter-Piracy operations
Airborne assault
Anti-NBC Warfare
Aerial Transportation
Military Training Units
Size ~ 4,500 personnel
Part of See Formation
Garrison/HQ Camp Zama, Sagamihara, Kanagawa Prefecture
Nickname(s) CRF
Engagements United Nations Mission in Nepal
United Nations Integrated Mission in East Timor
United Nations Disengagement Observer Force Zone
United Nations Stabilisation Mission in Haiti
Counter-piracy operations in Somalia[1]
Commanders
Current
commander
Lt. Gen. Shigeru Kobayashi
Notable
commanders
Josho Yamaguchi

The Central Readiness Force (中央即応集団, Chūō Sokuō Shūdan) was established on March 28, 2007[2], following the upgrading of the Japanese Defense Ministry from the former Japanese Defense Agency.[3] It was initially based at Japan Ground Self-Defense Force (JGSDF) Camp Asaka in Nerima, Tokyo. The command supervises a number of different units, whose roles range from special forces operations to advance preparation for greater JSDF deployments. The unit can also be deployed as Japan's response to combat operations during peacekeeping missions as a rapid reaction force.[4] On 26 March 2013, the force was officially transferred to Camp Zama, in Sagamihara, in the Kanagawa Prefecture. As a part of the Japanese government's National Defense Program Guidelines which were developed in response to the need to improve the JGSDF's capabilities to deal with new defense issues such as foreign peacekeeping operations and anti-terrorist operations.[4]

The CRF held a formal ceremony at Camp Askaka on March 31, 2007, during which Japanese Defense Minister Fumio Kyuma, who was the guest of honour, formally inaugurated the force. Lieutenant General Josho Yamaguchi (山口淨秀 陸将, Yamaguchi Josho Rikushō) was the CRF's first commanding officer.[4] The current commander of the CRF is Lt. Gen. Shigeru Kobayashi, who was appointed on July 1, 2016.

History

Formed on March 28, 2007, the CRF was established, consolidating the 1st Airborne Brigade, the 1st Helicopter Brigade, the Japanese Special Forces Group and the 101st NBC Protection Unit into a single force capable of conduct operations both in Japan and in foreign countries.[4][5] On March 31, 2007, the Central Readiness Force held a formal inauguration ceremony at JGSDF Camp Asaka in Nerima, Tokyo, which included guests such as Fumio Kyuma and Josho Yamaguchi, the former presiding over the formal establishment of the CRF.[5]

The CRF was deployed on its first civil disaster mission on April 29, 2007, when it was dispatched to quell wildfires in the forests of the Yamanashi Prefecture, with the 1st Helicopter Brigade being deployed after its integration to the force.[6] The CRF later conducted a military exercise on October 31, 2007, with its subordinate units participating in a wide range of scenarios from anti-NBC cleanup to personnel transportation and evacuation.

Six officers from the CRF were deployed to Nepal as part of the United Nations Mission in Nepal on March 30, 2007 as part of their first CRF peacekeeping mission.[7][8][9] A CRF officer deployed to Nepal as part of the UNMIN was decorated for completing his duties in monitoring the ceasefire between the Nepalese government and Maoist rebels.[10] The officers returned to Japan on March 18, 2008.[11] Four CRF officers under the UNDOF's transport unit were deployed to France as Japanese representatives on July 14, 2008, for its annual Bastille Day Military Parade celebration.[12] The CRF was deployed to assist in the aftermath of the Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami in humanitarian relief efforts, as well as to combat radiation problems at the Fukushima nuclear power plant.[13][14]

The CRF has been deployed in Djibouti in the Horn of Africa. Asahi Shimbun wrote in January 2015 of plans to reinforce the JSDF base in Djibouti, Africa including mobilizing light armored vehicles to rescue Japanese citizens by land routes.[15]

Command Group

Position Name (Japanese) Rank Day of Appointment Previous Position
Commanding General Shigeru Kobayashi (小林茂) Lieutenant General July 1, 2016 Vice-President, National Defense Academy
Vice Commanding General (橋爪良友) Major General March 27, 2017 Vice Chief of Staff, Central Army
(野村悟) March 27, 2017 Chief of Staff, 8th Division
Chief of Staff (豊田真) Colonel December 18, 2015 Commander, 10th Engineer Group (Construction)
Vice Chief of Staff (宮嵜浩一) August 1, 2016 Commander, Camp Rumoi and 26th Infantry Regiment
(仲川剛) March 23, 2017 Chief of Staff, 13th Brigade

Structure

The structure of the CRF has been created with the following established for its headquarters:

Chain of command

  • Commander (Lieutenant General)
    • Deputy Commander for Domestic Operations (Major General)
    • Deputy Commander for International Operations (Major General)
  • Chief of Staff (Colonel)
  • Vice Chief of Staff (2 officers with rank of Colonel)

Divisions

  • Personnel
  • Intelligence
  • Defense Plans & Operations
  • Logistics
  • Administration
  • Accounting
  • Communications
  • National Welfare

Personnel

  • Reporting Officer
  • Army Surgeon
  • Inspector
  • Law Officer
  • Staff Manager
  • Adjutant

Formation

The following is the formation of the CRF as of 2017:[16]

Symbols

The following are represented in the insignia and patch of the Central Readiness Force:

CRF insignia

The official insignia of the Central Readiness Force.
Japanese Archipelago and Red Circle surrounding it – CRF's mandate to operate in Japanese soil.[18]
Laurel – Hope for a successful mission.[18]
Purple Shadow – CRF's joint cooperation with the Japanese Ground Self-Defense Forces, the Japanese Maritime Self-Defense Forces and the Japanese Air Self-Defense Forces.[18]

The insignia symbolizes the CRF's mandate to operate in Japanese soil.[18]

CRF patch

The official patch of the Central Readiness Force.
Globe – CRF's mandate to operate anywhere around the world.[18]
Cherry Blossoms – CRF's commanding officer.[18]
Red CircleJapan.[18]

The patch symbolizes the CRF's mandate to operate in foreign territory as a representative of Japan in Peacekeeping missions.[18]

References

  1. ^ "2ND LD: Japan orders MSDF dispatch for antipiracy mission off Somalia". iStockAnalyst. 2009-03-13. Archived from the original on 2012-07-20. Retrieved 2012-07-19. 
  2. ^ "日本国防衛省 陸上自衛隊 中央即応集団(CRF/JGSDF)". www.mod.go.jp (in Japanese). Retrieved 2017-11-14. 
  3. ^ Japan launches counter-terrorism force. Retrieved on June 6, 2008.
  4. ^ a b c d 中央即応集団 《朝霞》 3200名、編成を完結. Retrieved on September 9, 2012.
  5. ^ a b 国際活動をめぐる陸上自衛隊の組織改編 鈴 木 滋 Archived October 13, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ 山梨県甲州市勝沼町山林火災災害派遣 (第1ヘリコプター団). Retrieved on August 24, 2011. (in Japanese)
  7. ^ ネパールへの国際平和協力法に基づく軍事監視要員の派遣について
  8. ^ 国連ネパール政治ミッションへの軍事監視要員の派遣について
  9. ^ Army Winter 2009 Pamphlet.[permanent dead link]
  10. ^ 第4次軍事監視要員の帰国出迎え 23.1.18.
  11. ^ "International Peace Cooperation Activities in Nepal". Japan Defense Focus, Japanese Ministry of Defense. Retrieved 2011-08-25. 
  12. ^ [1]
  13. ^ "GSDF special forces unite in water-spraying mission". Daily Yomiuri. 2011-03-22. Archived from the original on 2011-04-04. 
  14. ^ "Operation Order (12 March, 2011)". Japanese Ministry of Defense. 2011-03-12. Retrieved 2011-04-04. 
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-02-11. Retrieved 2015-02-08. 
  16. ^ CRF Organization. Archived January 24, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
  17. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=cxVHBQAAQBAJ&pg=PT72&lpg=PT72&dq=%22Central+Readiness+Force%22+special+forces&source=bl&ots=U9i96Ct6md&sig=DzPjx_hSRWp0MkyDkXux9zryydI&hl=en&sa=X&ei=nvDWVIyIIIWK8QXmwILoAQ&ved=0CDMQ6AEwBTgU#v=onepage&q=%22Central%20Readiness%20Force%22%20special%20forces&f=false (Aoi and Heng, Asia-Pacific Nations in International Peace Support and Stability Missions, Palgrave Macmillan, 2014)
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h CRF insignia and symbol. Archived February 24, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on January 11, 2008.

External links

  • Official Page (in Japanese)
  • Official Page (in English)
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