Cecil Parkinson

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The Right Honourable
The Lord Parkinson
PC
Lord Parkinson 2015.png
Parkinson during an interview at 10 Downing Street, a week after his retirement from the House of Lords
Chairman of the Conservative Party
In office
11 June 1997 – 1 June 1998
Leader William Hague
Preceded by Brian Mawhinney
Succeeded by Michael Ancram
In office
14 September 1981 – 11 June 1983
Leader Margaret Thatcher
Preceded by The Lord Thorneycroft
Succeeded by John Gummer
Secretary of State for Transport
In office
24 July 1989 – 28 November 1990
Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
Preceded by Paul Channon
Succeeded by Malcolm Rifkind
Secretary of State for Energy
In office
13 June 1987 – 24 July 1989
Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
Preceded by Peter Walker
Succeeded by John Wakeham
Secretary of State for Trade and Industry
In office
12 June 1983 – 14 October 1983
Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
Preceded by The Lord Cockfield (Trade)
Patrick Jenkin (Industry)
Succeeded by Norman Tebbit
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
In office
6 April 1982 – 11 June 1983
Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
Preceded by The Baroness Young
Succeeded by The Lord Cockfield
Paymaster General
In office
14 September 1981 – 11 June 1983
Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
Preceded by Francis Pym
Succeeded by John Gummer
Member of Parliament
for Hertsmere
In office
9 June 1983 – 9 April 1992
Preceded by Constituency established
Succeeded by James Clappison
Member of Parliament
for South Hertfordshire
In office
28 February 1974 – 9 June 1983
Preceded by Constituency established
Succeeded by Constituency abolished
Member of Parliament
for Enfield West
In office
19 November 1970 – 28 February 1974
Preceded by Iain Macleod
Succeeded by Constituency abolished
Personal details
Born (1931-09-01)1 September 1931
Carnforth, Lancashire, England
Died 22 January 2016(2016-01-22) (aged 84)
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s)
Anne Jarvis (m. 1957)
Children 4
Alma mater Emmanuel College, Cambridge

Cecil Edward Parkinson, Baron Parkinson,[1] PC (1 September 1931 – 22 January 2016) was a British Conservative politician and cabinet minister.

A chartered accountant by training, he entered Parliament in November 1970, and was appointed a minister in Margaret Thatcher's first government in May 1979. He successfully managed the Conservative Party's 1983 election campaign, and was rewarded with an appointment as Secretary of State for Trade and Industry, but was forced to resign after revelations that his former secretary, Sara Keays, was pregnant with his child, whom she later bore and named Flora Keays.[2]

Parkinson subsequently served as Secretary of State for Energy, and later Secretary of State for Transport. He resigned that office in 1990, on the same day that Thatcher resigned as Prime Minister. He was created Baron Parkinson in 1992, and served in the House of Lords until his retirement in September 2015.[3][4]

Early life

Parkinson was born in Carnforth, Lancashire, in 1931, the son of a railway worker. He was educated at Lancaster Royal Grammar School, a state-run day and boarding school for boys, from where he won a scholarship to Cambridge University, where he read English at Emmanuel College, later switching to read law. He won a Blue as an athlete, competing over 220 and 440 yards. While at university, Parkinson was a Labour supporter and for a time was a member of that party. He did National Service as an NCO in the Royal Air Force. He married Ann Mary Jarvis in 1957. They had three daughters: Mary, Emma and Joanna. He also had a daughter, Flora—whom he never met—born in 1983 to his former secretary, Sara Keays.

After leaving university, Parkinson worked as a manager for the Metal Box Company, later becoming a consultant. He trained and qualified as a chartered accountant, and founded Parkinson-Hart Securities in 1961.

He was a supporter of Preston North End,[5] and in November 1988 paid a tribute to Tom Finney on This Is Your Life.[6]

Parkinson was an active freemason.[7]

Member of Parliament

In the June 1970 general election Parkinson stood as Conservative candidate for Northampton, but was not elected. He was elected MP for Enfield West at a by-election in November 1970, following the death of Iain Macleod. When that constituency was abolished for the February 1974 general election he was elected for the new South Hertfordshire constituency. After the 1979 general election he was made a junior trade minister. On 14 September 1981, he was appointed Chairman of the Conservative Party as well as Paymaster-General with a seat in the cabinet; he was given the added official title of Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster in 1982. Despite his relatively junior status, he was a member of the small War Cabinet that Margaret Thatcher set up to run the Falklands War.

In government

He worked on the Conservative Party's 1983 election campaign, standing in the new Hertsmere constituency after South Hertfordshire's abolition. As a result of his success on the campaign, Thatcher had intended to promote him to Foreign Secretary; however, before the election he warned her that this would be unwise, for his former secretary, Sara Keays, was pregnant with his child. Although Thatcher initially remonstrated with him that Anthony Eden's womanising had been no bar on his being Foreign Secretary, she instead appointed him Secretary of State for Trade and Industry.[8]

Parkinson was forced to resign on 14 October 1983, after the news of Sara Keays' pregnancy had become public knowledge.[9] The child was born on New Year's Eve, and christened Flora Keays. Subsequently, as a result of a dispute over child maintenance payments, Parkinson (with Keays' initial consent) was able to gain an injunction in 1993, forbidding the British media from making any reference to their daughter. Following the birth, Parkinson released a statement in which he wished the baby "peace, privacy and a happy life".[10] Flora Keays has learning difficulties and Asperger syndrome, and also underwent an operation to remove a brain tumour when she was four, although it is unknown if this either caused or complicated her condition.

This court order was the subject of some controversy until Flora Keays reached the age of 18 at the end of 2001, when the court order expired. It was stated in the press that Parkinson had never met his child and presumably had no intention of doing so. While he had assisted with Flora's education and her financial upkeep, it was publicly pointed out that he had not even sent her a birthday card and that her mother assumed that Flora could not ever expect to receive one.[11]

At the time of the revelation of Parkinson's relationship with Sara Keays in 1983, Parkinson made much of what he described as the volume of letters in support that he received. Many in the Conservative Party attacked Keays. Edwina Currie (later to have an affair with John Major) said "I feel very very sorry for Cecil and his family. Most of my thoughts on Sara Keays are unprintable. Perhaps the most polite thing to say is she's a right cow". [12] By 2001, however, the media focused more upon Flora and her difficulties than in protecting Parkinson's reputation, so more voices were raised in criticism of Parkinson.

After four years on the back benches, he was appointed Secretary of State for Energy in 1987 (having been tipped as a potential Chancellor of the Exchequer), and for Transport in the July 1989 reshuffle. One of the highlights during his tenure of the latter job was announcing new main-line rail tunnels across London, called Crossrail. He resigned along with Margaret Thatcher when she was replaced by John Major, and stood down from the House of Commons at the 1992 general election.

After the 1992 election, he was created Baron Parkinson, of Carnforth, in the County of Lancashire, on 29 June 1992.[1]

That year, Parkinson also published his memoirs, in which he claimed that, with a determined campaign, Thatcher would have won the second ballot of the Conservative leadership election, when her Cabinet had warned her she would lose and thus persuaded her to stand down.

Shadow Cabinet

Parkinson returned to front-line politics when he was made Conservative Party Chairman again, by William Hague, in June 1997. He retired from this role in 1998; afterward he kept a low profile, although he was a vice-chairman of the Conservative Way Forward group. He was also the Honorary President of Conservative Friends of Poland.[13]

Death

Cecil Parkinson died from cancer on 22 January 2016.[14] He left nothing in his will for his daughter Flora:[15] in April 2017, it was reported that Sara Keays was preparing to sue Parkinson's estate to continue to gain support for her daughter's 24-hour care, for regular payments had ceased a few months after Parkinson died.[16]

Two years after Parkinson's death, his daughter Mary committed suicide.[17]

Styles of address

  • 1931–1970: Mr Cecil Parkinson
  • 1970–1981: Mr Cecil Parkinson MP
  • 1981–1992: The Rt Hon. Cecil Parkinson MP
  • 1992: The Rt Hon. Cecil Parkinson
  • 1992–2016: The Rt Hon. The Lord Parkinson PC

Charitable works

He was one of the three Presidents of the UK-based charity Action on Addiction.[18]

In the media

Parkinson's affair with Sara Keays was a running joke in the satirical magazine Private Eye for over a decade (and on the satirical TV programme Spitting Image for nearly as long), with the magazine seldom passing up an opportunity to portray Parkinson as having a voracious sexual appetite.[19]

He was interviewed about the rise of Thatcherism for the 2006 BBC TV documentary series Tory! Tory! Tory!

References

  1. ^ a b "No. 52979". The London Gazette. 2 July 1992. p. 11141. 
  2. ^ "The only promise Cecil Parkinson ever kept - never to see his daughter". The Daily Telegraph. London. 6 January 2002. Retrieved 25 January 2016. 
  3. ^ "Tory peer Cecil Parkinson retires from House of Lords". The Guardian. Press Association. 14 September 2015. Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
  4. ^ The Lord Speaker (Baroness D’Souza) (14 September 2015). "Parliamentary debates". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). House of Lords. col. 1635–1635. Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
  5. ^ Tom Finney: My Autobiography, Tom Finney, Hachette UK, 2014, page 344
  6. ^ Video on YouTube
  7. ^ "Just how much do the Masons really matter?". The Independent. 21 July 1995. 
  8. ^ Moore 2015, pp.62-3, 67
  9. ^ "1983: Parkinson quits over lovechild scandal". On This Day: 14 October. BBC. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  10. ^ BBC News Summary, 4 January 1984.
  11. ^ Angela Levin "The brutal sex attack that nearly destroyed Cecil Parkinson's child" Daily Mail, 14 November 2008. Article about Flora and Sara today, still focusing on Flora's medical condition.
  12. ^ https://www.thefreelibrary.com/'A+RIGHT+COW+'+EXCLUSIVE%3A+What+Edwina+called+Sara+Keays+for+kissing...-a092259742
  13. ^ "Conservative Friends of Poland website". Archived from the original on 3 November 2012. 
  14. ^ "Lord Cecil Parkinson dies aged 84". Sky News. Retrieved 25 January 2016. 
  15. ^ Turner, Camilla (27 April 2016). "Cecil Parkinson cuts lovechild with Asperger's out of his will". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 3 July 2017. 
  16. ^ Walter, Stephen (16 April 2017). "Cecil Parkinson's lovechild sues late father's estate as mother claims he is 'starving them into submission' from beyond the grave". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 17 April 2017. 
  17. ^ http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-5172757/Cecil-Parkinsons-daughter-dead-57.html
  18. ^ Trustees' Report and Financial Statements 2011-12, Action on Addiction
  19. ^ "Covers featuring Cecil Parkinson". Private Eye. Retrieved 26 January 2016. 

External links

  • Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Cecil Parkinson

Bibliography

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Iain Macleod
Member of Parliament
for Enfield West

19701974
Constituency abolished
New constituency Member of Parliament
for South Hertfordshire

19741983
Member of Parliament
for Hertsmere

19831992
Succeeded by
James Clappison
Political offices
Preceded by
Francis Pym
Paymaster General
1981–1983
Succeeded by
John Gummer
Preceded by
The Baroness Young
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
1982–1983
Succeeded by
The Lord Cockfield
Preceded by
The Lord Cockfield
as Secretary of State for Trade
Secretary of State for Trade and Industry
1983
Succeeded by
Norman Tebbit
Preceded by
Patrick Jenkin
as Secretary of State for Industry
Preceded by
Peter Walker
Secretary of State for Energy
1987–1989
Succeeded by
John Wakeham
Preceded by
Paul Channon
Secretary of State for Transport
1989–1990
Succeeded by
Malcolm Rifkind
Party political offices
Preceded by
The Lord Thorneycroft
Chairman of the Conservative Party
1981–1983
Succeeded by
John Gummer
Preceded by
Brian Mawhinney
Chairman of the Conservative Party
1997–1998
Succeeded by
Michael Ancram
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