Cave of the Guanches

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Cave of the Guanches
Cave of the Guanches
Cave of the Guanches
location in Spain
Location in the north of Tenerife, (Canary Islands
Region Spain
Coordinates Coordinates: 28°22′37″N 16°43′23″W / 28.3769°N 16.7231°W / 28.3769; -16.7231
History
Associated with Guanches

The Cave of the Guanches, or Archaeological area of the Cave of the Guanches (Spanish: Zona Arqueológica de la Cueva de los Guanches), is an important archaeological site located in the north of the island of Tenerife (Canary Islands, Spain).

Characteristics

The protected archaeological environment is in the municipality of Icod de los Vinos and revolves around the Cave of the Guanches. This archaeological area is where the earliest Guanche autochthonous settlements on the island of Tenerife have been found. It has provided the oldest chronologies of the Canary Islands.[1] These have been dated to the 6th century BCE,[2] according to analysis carried out on ceramics that were found inside.

The area was in aboriginal times a village of natural caves and huts (now disappeared), which were located at the top of a cliff, about 125 m (410 ft) above sea level.[1] The site is also famous for having found in him a single secondary burial pit. This is considered an exceptional find in the Canary Islands[3] two questions: firstly due to the rare circumstance of a secondary burial and secondly, by their nature individual burial. The oral tradition also points out that the place was the abode of the menceyes of Icod (aboriginal Guanche kings).[3]

At the site have been found numerous findings, including: pottery shards made by hand, bone awls, bone remains of caprids, shells of marine mollusks and a human lower jaw.

The cave is declared a Site of Cultural Interest by the Government of the Canary Islands.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Protohistoria de Tenerife - Cultura - Turismo CIT Turiscom". turismo.opennemas.com. Retrieved 2016-07-12.
  2. ^ Palomas y Los Guanches. Sobre el poblamiento y las estrategias de alimentación vegetal entre los guanches
  3. ^ a b "Declaración de la Cueva de los Guanches como BIC" (PDF). gobiernodecanarias.org. Retrieved 2016-07-12.
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