Catholic Church in Austria

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Catholic Church in Austria
German: Katholische Kirche in Österreich
Wien - Stephansdom (1).JPG
Type National polity
Classification Catholic
Polity Episcopal
Governance Episcopal Conference of Austria
Pope Pope Francis
Chairman Christoph Schönborn
Primas Germaniae Franz Lackner
Apostolic Nuncio Peter Stephan Zurbriggen
Region Austria
Language German, Latin
Members 5,112,330 (57.9 %) (2017)
Official website Episcopal Conference of Austria
Innsbruck Cathedral

The Catholic Church in Austria is part of the worldwide Catholic Church in full communion with the Pope in Rome. The Church's governing body in Austria is the Austrian Conference of Catholic Bishops, made up of the hierarchy of the two archbishops (Vienna and Salzburg), the bishops and the abbot of territorial abbey of Wettingen-Mehrerau. Nevertheless, each bishop is independent in his own diocese, answerable only to the Pope. The current president of the Conference of Catholic Bishops is Cardinal Christoph Schönborn. The Austrian church is the largest Christian Confession of Austria, with 5.11 million members (57.9 % of the total Austrian population.[1]).

For more than 50 years, however, the proportion of Catholics has discreased, primarily due to secularization and migration (from 89 % in 1961 to 75% in 2001). The number of Sunday churchgoers was around 6.8 percent (as percentage of the total Austrian population that is 594,524 churchgoers out of a total population of 8,772,865 in 2016).

Although Austria has no primate, the archbishop of Salzburg is titled Primus Germaniae (Primate of Germany).

Organisation

Main Churches in Austria [2][1][3]
year population Catholics % Protestants %
1951 6,933,905 6,170,084 89.0 % 429,493 6.2%
1961 7,073,807 6,295,075 89.0 % 438,663 6.2%
1971 7,491,526 6,548,316 87.4 % 447,070 6,0%
1981 7,555,338 6,372,645 84.3 % 423,162 5,6%
1991 7,795,786 6,081,454 78.0 % 388,709 5.0%
2001 8,032,926 5,915,421 73.6 % 376,150 4.7%
2011 8,408,121 5,403,722 64.3 % 319,752 3.8%
2017 8,823,054 5,112,330 57.9 % 296,338 3.4%

Ecclesiastical structure

Austrian dioceses since 1968

List of Catholic organisations in Austria

Criticism

Call to Disobedience organization

The organization Call to Disobedience (Aufruf zum Ungehorsam in German) is an Austrian movement mainly composed of dissident Catholic priests which started in 2006. The movement claims the support of the majority of Austrian Catholic priests and favors ordination of women, married and non-celibate priesthood, allowing Holy Communion to remarried divorcees and non-Catholics which disagrees with teachings of the Catholic Magisterium. The group also believes the way the Church is governed needs reform.[4]

Notable people

Linz Cathedral

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Catholic Church, Statistical Data 2003 - 2016 in German, retrieved 7 February 2018
  2. ^ Austrian Population, retrieved 2 February 2016
  3. ^ Lutheran Church, Statistical Data 2015 in German, retrieved 2 February 2016
  4. ^ The Catholic Tipping Point

External links

  • Catholic statistics for the year 2005
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