Catharina Halkes

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Tine Halkes (1985)

Catharina Joanna Maria Halkes (Vlaardingen, 2 July 1920 - Nijmegen, 21 April 2011) was a Dutch theologian and feminist, notable for having been the first Dutch professor of feminism and Christianity, at the Radboud University Nijmegen from 1983 to 1986. A Roman Catholic who was originally schooled in Dutch language and literature, she became active in the women's movement within the church, and gained a measure of notoriety when she was forbidden to address Pope John Paul II during his visit to the Netherlands in 1985.[1] She is considered the founding mother of feminist theology in the Netherlands.[2]


  1. ^ Dool, Pim van den (23 April 2011). "Feministische theologe Halkes (90) overleden". NRC Handelsblad. Retrieved 25 April 2011. 
  2. ^ "'Kerkmoeder' Catharina Halkes overleden". de Volkskrant. 23 April 2011. Retrieved 25 April 2011. 

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