Castries

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[1]

Castries
City
View of the port of Castries
Castries
Motto: Statio Haud Malefida Carinis  ("A Safe Harbour for Ships")[2]
Map of Castries Quarter, the district containing the city of Castries
The Quarter of Castries, showing Castries city (red dot)
Coordinates: 14°01′N 60°59′W / 14.017°N 60.983°W / 14.017; -60.983Coordinates: 14°01′N 60°59′W / 14.017°N 60.983°W / 14.017; -60.983
Country  Saint Lucia
Quarter Castries Quarter
Founded 1650 as "Carenage"
Renamed 1756 as "Castries"
Founded by the French
Named for Charles Eugène Gabriel de La Croix, marquis de Castries
Government
 • Governing body Castries City Council
Area
 • Total 79 km2 (30.5 sq mi)
Elevation[3] 2 m (6.56 ft)
Population (2013)
 • Total 70,000
 • Density 890/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
Time zone Eastern Caribbean Time Zone (ECT) (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 758
HDI (2006) 0.814 – high

Castries /ˈkæstrz/ (About this sound listen), population 20,000, aggl. 53,639, is the capital and largest city of Saint Lucia, an island country in the Caribbean. The quarter with the same name had a population of 70,000 on 22 May 2013 and stretches over an area of 80 km2 (31 sq mi).

Castries is in a flood gut and is built on reclaimed land. It houses the seat of government and the head offices of many of foreign and local businesses. The city's design is in a grid pattern. Its sheltered harbour receives cargo vessels, ferry boats, and cruise ships. It houses duty-free shopping facilities such as Point Seraphine and La Place Carenage. Many restaurants offer menus from local to Chinese. Supermarkets and other shopping facilities provide goods. The city is well served by a bus system and taxi service.

St Lucia's main post office is in Castries. Because most parts of the country do not use standard street addresses, mail is largely sent to P.O. boxes. Any mail sent without a town name ends up in the Castries post office.

Castries is the birthplace of Arthur Lewis, winner of the 1979 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics.

History

In 1650, the fort aupres du Petit Cul-de-Sac et de la riviere du Carénage was founded by a group of 40 Frenchmen led by de Rousselan, when St. Lucia was purchased by Capt. du Parquet and Monsieur Houel from the French West India Company. The capital was moved to the south side of the harbor in 1769 by Gov. Baron de Micoud. In 1785, the village of Carénage was renamed Castries, after Charles Eugène Gabriel de La Croix, marquis de Castries, the French Minister of the Navy and Colonies.[5]

In 1835, the British built the western wharf in preparation for the coaling trade and the first steamship arrived in 1841, the RMS Solway.[5]:163,243–244

During World War II on 9 March 1942, the German U-161 sailed into Castries harbor at night and sank two allied ships,[5]:275[6] including the Canadian ocean liner RMS Lady Nelson, which was subsequently refloated in the harbour and taken to Canada to be converted to a hospital ship.

Castries has been rebuilt many times, following major fires on 15 Oct. 1805, 6 April 1813, and most notably on 19 June 19, 1948.[5]:124–125,289

Tourism

CastriesStLucia.JPG

One of the major tourist areas in St. Lucia, Castries is a port of call for cruise ships. They dock at Pointe Seraphine, to the north of the harbour, which is also a duty-free shopping centre. International brand retailers are located at both cruise ship berths, where there is a staggering range of jewellery, perfumes,  luxury apparel  and alcohol products at competitive tax free prices. Close to the Fisheries Complex on the main highway into the city centre is Serenity Park, an aptly-named community space which offers a calm and pretty place to watch the bustle of the day pass by.

A taxi service is readily available to take visitors on tours of the rest of the country or the city. A water taxi takes passengers from there to the city. The greatest concentration of hotels, resorts, and restaurants are near Castries and the island's other main towns: Gros Islet, Soufrière, and Rodney Bay. The city maintains three tourist offices and one at the airport. There are many duty-free shops, several restaurants, and other eating establishments, including Burger King, Domino's pizza, and KFC.

Castries has landmarks, such as the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception, Derek Walcott Square (renamed from Columbus Square to honor the island's Nobel Prize-winning poet, Derek Walcott), the City Library, the Government House, and Fort Charlotte, at the top of Morne Fortune (an 845-foot or 258 m hill). Beaches are a major draw for tourists, and there are several in or very near Castries. Vigie Beach, Malabar Beach, Choc Beach, and La Toc Beach are all within easy reach.

Transport

Fire Station Castries.jpg

Castries is served by George F. L. Charles Airport, also known as Vigie Airport. Passengers on longer flights arrive at Hewanorra International Airport, near Vieux-Fort. The drive between Hewanorra and Castries can take an hour and a half. Helicopter service between the airports shortens travel time.

Ferries run between Castries and Fort-de-France, Martinique. Yachts may dock in Castries, though they must clear customs first. When the customs area is full, yachts must anchor at the quarantine dock to wait; those that do not are fined. Afterward, yachts may anchor in front of Castries Town or Vigie Creek.

Standard bus routes run from Castries to all outlying districts on the island. The buses are private (not subsidized by government) bearing green license plates with numbers that start with an M—for example, M456. The buses line up in designated areas to pick up passengers. The bus fronts displays a route band, a luminescent sign that indicates which part of the island the bus is traveling to. To get to other areas, one can use the buses or the taxi service, which have blue license plates. Private minivan buses offer transportation from bus stops and can be flagged down on the roadside.

Political institutions

As well as being the capital city of Saint Lucia, Castries hosts the secretariat of the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States. Castries also hosts the headquarters of the Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court.

In October 2008, the American Chamber of Commerce, Saint Lucia, was established. The establishment of a chamber was encouraged by the U.S. Embassy, Barbados. Hugh W. Jones was elected and installed as its first president.

A number of international embassies and consulates keep their headquarters in Castries. They include the Organization of American States, British High Commission, Mexican Embassy, embassy of the Republic of China (Taiwan) (in Rodney Bay), Dominican Republic Consulate, French Embassy, Italian Vice Consulate, Jamaican Consulate, Netherlands Consulate, Norwegian Consulate, Brazilian Embassy and Venezuelan Embassy.

Panorama of the Port of Castries from Morne Fortune
Panorama of the Port of Castries

See also

References

  1. ^ "Castries". www.stlucia.org. Retrieved 2017-12-07. 
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-09-28. Retrieved 2009-07-29. 
  3. ^ "Weather in Castries. Current weather | lc.freemeteo.com". Freemeteo.com. Retrieved 2016-08-10. 
  4. ^ "St Lucia Travel Guide and Travel Information". Worldtravelguide.net. Retrieved 2016-08-10. 
  5. ^ a b c d Harmsen, Jolien; Ellis, Guy; Devaux, Robert (2014). A History of St Lucia. Vieux Fort: Lighthouse Road. p. 23,43–44,52,163. ISBN 9789769534001. 
  6. ^ Hubbard, Vincent (2002). A History of St. Kitts. Macmillan Caribbean. p. 117. ISBN 9780333747605. 

External links

  • Official website
  • Interactive tour of St. Lucia's History and Culture: Official site for St. Lucia Tourist Board
  • Worldaware Lesson plan on Castries: site owned by SOS Charity UK
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