Castilian House of Burgundy

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Castilian House of Burgundy
Casa de Borgoña
Royal Coat of Arms of the Crown of Castile (15th Century).svg
Armorial of Castile and León
Parent house House of Ivrea
Country Castile, León
Founded 1126
Founder Raymond of Burgundy
Final ruler Peter of Castile
Titles
Dissolution 1369
Cadet branches

The Castilian House of Burgundy[1] is a cadet brach of the House of Ivrea descended from Raymond of Burgundy. Raymond married Urraca of the House of Himénez. Two years after his death, Urraca succeeded her father and became queen of Castille and Leon; Urraca's and Raymond's offspring ruled the kingdom from 1126 up to Peter of Castile, 1369.

History

Origins

Raymond was the fourth son of William I, Count of Burgundy (from the House of Ivrea) and arrived in the Iberian peninsula probably in 1086 with the army of Odo I, Duke of Burgundy, who siege the city Tudela, Navarre. In April 1087 the army abandoned the siege and returned home, but Odo, Raymond and Henry (Raymond's cousin) went west at the court of Alfonso VI king of Castile and León. There, Odo arranged the marriage of king's first daughter Urraca to Raymond on 1087; the couple received the county of Galicia as dowry.[2] In 1093 Alfonso VI married his second daughter Teresa to Henry and gave them the county of Portugal, which evolved to a kingdom.[3] In 1107 Raymond died; the next year died Sancho, king's only son and in 1109 the king himself. Urraca succeeded him up to her death and then next ruler was her son Alfonso VII, first king of Castile and León from the Castilian House of Ivrea.

Kings of Castile and León

Alfonso VII partitioned the kingdom to his sons: Sancho III received Castile & Toledo and Ferdinand received León & Galicia. The kingdom remained divided by their sons Alfonso VIII of Castile and Alfonso IX of León respectively, but in 1197 the latter married the daughter of the former, so their son Ferdinand III of Castlile and León reunited the two kingdoms. Ferdinand III married Elisabeth of Swabia, the daughter of Irene Angelina, and heir son was Alfonso X.

Alfonso X's eldest son Ferdinand died in 1275 leaving two sons, but king's second son Sancho claimed to be the new heir. The king preferred Ferdinand's sons, but the nobility supported Sancho and a civil war began. The descendants of Ferdinand form the House of la Cerda. Alfonso X died in 1284 and finally succeeded him his second son, as Sancho IV. The grandson of Sancho IV, i.e. Alfonso XI, had legitimate son Peter of Castile and some illegitimate sons: Henry, Fadrique, etc. Since Peter had no legitimate sons, Henry attacked Peter with a host of soldiers of fortune in 1366. The Castilian Civil War followed: Peter was besieged at the fortress of Montiel. During the negotiations, Peter enter the tent of Henry's envoy, where Henry, which was hidden there, attacked Peter and killed him. Henry become the new king as Henry II and was the founder of the House of Trastámara. His brother Fadrique become the founder of the House of Enríquez.

Genealogy of Castilian House of Burgundy

William I
count of Burgundy
HOUSE OF IVREA
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Stephen I
count of Burgundy
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Raymond
CASTILIAN HOUSE OF IVREA
 
Urraca
queen of Castile & León
HOUSE OF JIMENEZ
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Alfonso VII
king of Castile & León
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sancho III
king of Castile
 
 
 
 
 
Ferdinand II
king of León
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Alphonso VIII
king of Castile
 
 
 
 
 
Alfonso IX
king of León
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ferdinand of Castile
heir apparent
 
Henry I
king of Castile
 
Ferdinand of León
heir apparent
 
Ferdinand III
king of Castile & León
 
Elisabeth of Hohenstaufen
(daughter of Irene Angelina)
 
Alfonso
lord of Molina
 
(illeg.) Rodrigo Alfonso
lord of Alexer
 
(illeg.) Martín Alfonso
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1) Alfonso X
king of Castile & León
 
Frederck
prince of Castille
 
Catherine Angelina
(daughter of Nikephoros I
despot of Epirus)
 
Henry the Senator
prince of Castile
 
Philip
archbishop of Seville
 
Sancho
archbishop of Toledo
 
Manuel
lord of Villiena
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
William VII
marquess of Montferrat
HOUSE OF ALERAMICI
 
Beatrice
 
Ferdinand de la Cerda
heir apparent
HOUSE OF LA CERDA
 
 
 
 
 
Sancho IV
king of Castile & León
 
Peter
lord of Ledesma
 
 
 
 
 
John
lord of Valencia de Campos
 
James
lord of Cameros
 
Alfonso Fernández el Niño
lord of Molina
 
Juan Manuel
prince of Villena
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Andronikos II
Roman Emperor
HOUSE OF PALAIOLOGOS
 
(Yolande) Irene
of Montferrat
 
 
 
 
 
Alfonso the disinherited
baron of Lunel
 
Ferdinand
lord of Lara
 
Ferdinand IV
king of Castile-León
 
Peter
lord of Cameros
 
Philip
lord of Cabrera and Ribera
 
Juan
lord of Cuéllar
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Alfonso of Spain
baron of Lunel
 
Luis
admiral of France
 
Juan Alfonso
lord of Gibraleón
 
Juan Núñez
lord of Lara
 
Alfonso XI
king of Castile & León
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Charles
constable of France,
Count of Angoulême
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Peter
king of Castile & León
 
(illeg.) Henry II
count of Trastámara,
king of Castile & León
HOUSE OF TRASTAMARA
 
(illeg.) Fadrique Alfonso
lord of Haro
HOUSE OF ENRIQUEZ
 
(illeg.) Tello Alfonso
lord of Aguilar de Campo
 
(illeg.) Sancho Alfonso
count of Alburquerque
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Alonso
lord of Medina de Rioseco
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fadrique
lord of Medina de Rioseco

Notes

  1. ^ B. F. Reilly, "Burgundy, House of", in Medieval Iberia: An Encyclopedia, ed. E. Michael Gerli (Routledge, 2003), pp. 184–86.
  2. ^ Pallarés Méndez, María del Carmen; Portela, Ermelindo (2006). Η βασίλισσα Magpie . Συντάκτης NEREA. σ. 79. ISBN 9788496431188 .
  3. ^ La formación de Europa: Conquista, colonización y cambio cultural, 950-1350. Universitat de València. p. 67. ISBN 9788437056913.

References

  • Patxot y Ferrer, Fernando; en "Los héroes y las grandezas de la tierra: anales del mundo, formación, revoluciones y guerra de todos los imperios, desde la creación hasta nuestros días" (Tomo VI, Ed. Imprenta de Cervantes, Barcelona, año 1856).

See also

Castilian House of Burgundy
Cadet branch of the House of Ivrea
Preceded by
Jiménez dynasty
Royal Coat of Arms of the Crown of Castile (15th Century).svg
Ruling House of the
Kingdom of Castile and León

1126 – 1369
Succeeded by
House of Trastámara

Gallery

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