Carla Accardi

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Carla Accardi
Carla Accardi in her studio in Rome.jpg
Carla Accardi in her studio in Rome, 1976
Born (1924-10-09)9 October 1924
Trapani, Sicily, Kingdom of Italy
Died 23 February 2014(2014-02-23) (aged 89)
Rome, Italy
Nationality Italian
Education Accademia di Belle Arti di Palermo
Known for Painter

Carla Accardi (9 October 1924 – 23 February 2014) was an Italian painter; she was among the early participants in the abstract art style.

Biography

Accardi was born in Trapani, Sicily and studied at the Accademia di Belle Arti in Florence before relocating to Rome in 1946, where she would live until her death. Soon after beginning her work in Rome, she became a member of the Art Club and frequented Pietro Consagra's studio.[1] Here she met her future spouse, the fellow-artist Antonio Sanfilippo, and others that would influence her Marxist ideology. In 1947, she co-founded the influential postwar art group Forma 1 [2] with Ugo Attardi, Pietro Consagra, Piero Dorazio, Mino Guerrini, Achille Perilli, Antonio Sanfilippo and Giulio Turcato.

Forma 1 artists: Pietro Consagra, Mino Guerrini, Ugo Attardi, Carla Accardi, Achille Perilli, Carla's husband Antonio Sanfilippo, Giulio Turcato, and Piero Dorazio (sitting below).

Work

Her earliest paintings were self-portraits but after she moved to Rome her work became more experimental, this is also when she joined the Italian avant-garde movement. In the 1960s, Accardi started making her first paintings in black and white, focusing on monochromy, color, and shapes.[3]

She transitioned to vibrant and intense colors in the mid-1960s, with Stella and II Stella (Star I and II) being the first of her paintings with this new focus.[4] At this time she also began using a clear plastic material called Sicofoil, which she describes as "like something luminous, a mixing and a fluidity with the surrounding environment: perhaps in order to take away the totemic value of the painting."[4] She used this material to make Tendas, or tents of clear plastic, which she adorned with painted forms.

During the late 1970s she withdrew from art making to become part of the feminist movement with critic Carla Lonzi. Together the two founded Rivolta femminile in 1970, one of Italy's first feminist groups and publishing houses.[5] She is considered a key member of the Italian Avant-Garde and her artwork influenced the Arte Povera movement in the late 1960s.[6][7] She first exhibited in the United States in 2001 at MoMA PS1.[8][9]

Accardi was first recognized for her work within the art group Forma 1. They had their first exhibition in Rome in 1947. Other prominent artists within Forma 1 include Pietro Consagra a sculptor, Piero Dorado a painter, Giulio Turcato a painter, Achille Perilli an abstract painter. Her husband, Antonio Sanfilippo a prominent Italian painter, and Mino Guerrini an Italian screenwriter, director, actor, and painter. Her work became well known in France where famous art critic Michel Tapie took an interest in her work.[10]

Known works include: 1960 Bianco nero su turchese 1962 Azzurroviolarancio 1964 Bozetto Bronzo 1968 Segni Rosa Verde 1971 Segni Rosa 1987 Per L'Infinito lo Scirocco 1990 Apparenti Tinte 1992 Grigio Rosso 1997 Verde Rosso 2005 Viola Arancio 2007 Blu 2008 Rosso du Grigio 2011 Senza Titulo 2012 L'Enigma dell'ora Melodie Fluvial Mistero en forme [11]

Exhibitions

Solo Exhibitions

2007

  • Galerie Greta Meert; Brussels

2004

  • Macro Museo d’Arte Contemporanea Roma; Rome, Italy
  • Galerie Meert Rihoux; Brussels, Belgium

2003

  • Carla Accardi- Opere recenti, Galleria Astuni; Pietrasanta, Italy

2002

  • Galerie Meert Rioux; Brussels
  • Galleria d’Arte Moderna di Ljubljana; Slovenia
  • Musee d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris; Paris[4]
  • Carla Accardi, Galleria Pecci; Milan, Italy

2001

  • Triplice Tenda, P.S. 1 Contemporary Art Center; New York
  • Carla Accardi. Premio Artista dell’anno, Palazzo Crepadona; Belluno
  • Carla Accardi. Premio Artista dell’anno, Galleria Civica; Cortina d’Ampezzo
  • Carla Accardi Disegni, Galleria Santo Ficara; Florence

2000

  • Carla Accardi: Sicofoil, Galleria Massimo Minini; Brescia
  • Carla Accardi: Opere recenti, Galerie Meert; Rihoux, Brussels
  • Carla Accardi: Pietrose distanze, Galleria Astuni; Fano, Pesaro, Urbino

1999

  • Carla Accardi: Triplice Tenda, Kunstmuseum; Bonn
  • Transparences, Studio Simonis; Paris

1998

  • Carla Accardi: Triplice Tenda, Castello di Rivoli; Turin
  • Ambiente Arancio, Musee d-Art moderne et contemporain; Strasbourg, France
  • Carla Accardi: Opere 1947-1997, Chiesa della Badia Grande e Laboratori Officina; Trapani
  • Carla Accardi, Overbeck Gesellschaft; Lubeck, Germany

1997

  • Galleria Cesare Manso; Pescara, Italy
  • Galleria Vannuci; Pistoia, Italy
  • Atelier del Bosco a Villa Medici, Academie de France; Rome
  • Dove nasce il segno (oeuvres 1953) Studio Simonis; Paris
  • Carla Accardi: Ambiente arancio 1967, Telecarte, Galerie Meert; Rihoux, Brussels

1996

  • Stadtische Galerie; Wolfsburg
  • Galleria Fumagalli; Bergamo

1995

  • Kunstverein; Ludwishafen, Germany
  • Galleria delle Arti; Citta di Castello, Italy
  • Giochi galleggianti e trasparenze, Centro d’Arte Contemporanea Spazio Umano; Milan

1994

  • Una forma d’esistenza, Fumagalli Arte Contemporanea; Bergamo
  • Opere 1954-1993, Galerie Meert; Rihoux, Brussels

1950

  • Carla Accardi. 15 Tempere Galleria Age d’Or; Rome, Italy

Group Exhibitions

2007

  • Carla Accardi meets Lucio Fontana, Martha Herford; Germany

2006

  • Cenni e Barlumi, Galleria Massimo Minini; Brescia
  • Infinite Space, Carla Accardi e Lucio Fontana. Galleria Sperone Westwater; New York
  • Camere Chambers, Sound Art Museum; Rome
  • Italy made in art – Now, MOCA Shanghai; Shanghai
  • Venezia 1948-1986 - :a scena dell’arte, Peggy Guggenheim Collection; Venice
  • Immaginario Femminile, Gall. Biasutti & Biasutti; Torino

2005

  • Pantings 1955-2004, Sperone Westwater Gallery, New York and Casa italiana Zerrilli Marimo; New York University, USA
  • Segnali italiani dalla collezione d’Arte Contemporanea alla Farnesina, Galleria dell Accademia serba delle Scienze e delle Arti; Belgrado
  • Accardi Turcato. Carte, Galleria Santo Picara; Firenze

2004

  • Forma 1 e I suoi artisti, Riga, Casa dellle Terre Nere; Lettonia
  • Capricci, Ex Pinacoteca Comunale; Assisi
  • Accardi castellani Asdruball, Il ritmo dei sedni gall. Santo Picara; Firenze
  • On Paper Carla Accardi, Francesco Impellizzeri, Gall, A.A.M. Architettura Arte Moderna; Rome
  • Da Balla alla Transavanguardia, Triennale; Milan
  • Carla Accardi, Valery Koshlyakov, Sissi, Macro, Rome Italy; Dorf in die Metropole Kunstlerhaus Bethanien, Berlin, Staatliche Kunsthalle Baden-Baden; Baden-Baden, Germany

2003

  • Si adagiarono sparse, Magazzino d’Arte Moderna; Rome
  • Incontri, Galleria Borghese; Rome
  • Galerie Meert Rihoux; Brussels

2002

  • TRE – generazioni a confronto III, L.I. Art Laboratorio Incontri d’Arte; Rome, Italy

2001

  • Camera Italia, Vistamare associazione culturale; Pescara
  • Visita Guidata, Calcografia Nazionale; Rome
  • Artisti italiani del XX Secolo alla Farnesina Ministero degli Affari Esteri; Rome
  • Italiens Klassische Moderne, Carla Accardi, Piero Dorazio, Achille Perilli, Frankfurter Westen Galerie; Frankfurt
  • Belvedere italiano, 1945-2001. Linee di tendenza dell’arte contemporanea; Warsaw
  • 1989- Berliner Mauer Kunst fur ein Europa im Aufbruch, Wallraf-Richartz-Museum/Fondation Corboud Josef-Haubrich, Kunsthalle Koln; Cologne

2000

  • Miracoli a Milano 1955-1965 Artisti Gallerie Tendenze, Comune di Milano, Museo della Permanente; Milan
  • Wollways, Fondation Pistoletto; Paris
  • Novacento Arte e Storia in Italia, Scuderie Papali al Quirinale; Rome
  • Verso Sud, Palazzo Doria Pamphilj; Valmontone, Rome
  • Giganti, Scavi dei Fori Imperiali; Rome
  • Biennale de La Havane
  • Forma 1 e I suoi artisti, Galleria Comunale d’Arte Moderna e Contemporanea; Rome
  • Artisti Collezionisti, Palazzo delle Papesse Centro Arte Contemporanea; Siena

1999

  • L’ultimo Disegno del 1999, Zerynthia Associazione per l’Arte Contemporanea; Rome
  • Minimalia, P.S. 1 Contemporary Art Center; New York
  • Perhe?, presentazione del numero 1 della rivista, Fossa dei serpenti; Milan
  • Fondo Oro, Accardi, Gilardi, Ontani, Paolini, Salvatori, Salvo, Galleria Santo Ficara; Florence
  • Art Club 1945-1964, la linea astratta, Basilica Palladian di Vicenza; Vicenza

1947

  • Arte giovane italiana; Prague, Czech Republic[12]

References

  1. ^ "Carla Accardi". 
  2. ^ Smith, Roberta. "ART IN REVIEW; Carla Accardi". New York Times. Retrieved 15 May 2015. 
  3. ^ Sperone Westwater (Gallery); Beatrice, Luca; Accardi, Carla; Fontana, Lucio (2006-01-01). Infinite space: Carla Accardi and Lucio Fontana. New York, NY: Sperone Westwater. 
  4. ^ a b c Criqui, Jean-Pierre. "Carla Accardi: Musee D'Art Moderne De La Ville De Paris. (Reviews: Focus)." Artforum International 40.8 (2002): 134. Academic OneFile. Web. 5 Mar. 2016.
  5. ^ Cozzi, Leslie (2011-03-01). "Spaces of self-consciousness: Carla Accardi's environments and the rise of Italian feminism". Women & Performance: a journal of feminist theory. 21 (1): 67–88. doi:10.1080/0740770X.2011.563037. ISSN 0740-770X. 
  6. ^ "Carla Accardi Biography". artnet.com. Retrieved 15 May 2015. 
  7. ^ Pancotto, Pier. "Pier Paolo Pancotto discussed Carla Accardi". Artforum.com. Retrieved 15 May 2015. 
  8. ^ MoMA PS1: Exhibitions: Carla Accardi: Triplice Tenda; accessed 15 May 2015.
  9. ^ Artist Carla Accardi dies in Rome Archived 2014-03-03 at the Wayback Machine., WantedinRome.com; accessed 15 May 2015.
  10. ^ https://www.guggenheim.org/artwork/artist/carla-accardi
  11. ^ "Carla Accardi - 21 Artworks, Bio & Shows on Artsy". www.artsy.net. Retrieved 21 August 2017. 
  12. ^ "Carla Accardi Biography". artnet.com. Retrieved 5 March 2015. 
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