Carew, Pembrokeshire

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Carew
MelinFfrangeg01.jpg
The French Mill
Carew is located in Pembrokeshire
Carew
Carew
Carew shown within Pembrokeshire
Population 1,532 (2011)[1]
OS grid reference SN045038
Community
  • Carew
Principal area
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Tenby
Postcode district SA70
Dialling code 01646
Police Dyfed-Powys
Fire Mid and West Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament
Welsh Assembly
List of places
UK
Wales
Pembrokeshire
51°42′N 4°50′W / 51.70°N 4.83°W / 51.70; -4.83Coordinates: 51°42′N 4°50′W / 51.70°N 4.83°W / 51.70; -4.83

Carew (Welsh: Caeriw) is a village and community on an inlet of Milford Haven in the former Hundred of Narberth, Pembrokeshire, West Wales, 7 km east of Pembroke. The eastern part of the parish is included in the Pembrokeshire Coast National Park.

Description

The meaning of the name is unclear.[2] In Welsh it could mean "fort on a hill" (Caer-rhiw), "fort by yews" (Caer-yw) or simply "forts" (Caerau). It is pronounced /'kε:ru/, or more traditionally /'kε:ri/. The village grew up to serve the nearby Norman castle. The parish includes several other villages and hamlets, including Carew Cheriton (around the parish church), Carew Newton, Milton, West Williamston, Sageston and Whitehill.[3]

Textile mills gave Milton its name. In the 19th century there was a carding mill downstream, a weaving mill by the bridge, and a fulling mill upstream.

West Williamston had an industrial history: limestone was quarried in the area for centuries; stone was cut from slot-shaped flooded quarries communicating with the haven, known locally as "docks". See examples at 51°42′29″N 4°50′35″W / 51.70806°N 4.84306°W / 51.70806; -4.84306. These allowed stone to be dropped from the quarry faces directly into barges at the bottom. From there, stone was shipped to lime kilns all around the coast of North Pembrokeshire and Cardiganshire.[4] A small quarry still operates north of Carew village. Besides limestone, anthracite was mined on a small scale for local consumption at Minnis Pit on the northeastern edge of the parish.

Typical of South Pembrokeshire, the parish has been predominantly English-speaking since the 12th century.

Governance

The village has its own elected community council and gives its name to an electoral ward of Pembrokeshire County Council.

Architectural heritage

The Carew High Cross east face (left) and west face (right)

The 13th century Norman castle is 170 metres (560 ft) west of the village. Carew Cross is at the roadside in the village, and is an important example of an 11th-century memorial Celtic cross, commemorating King Maredudd ab Edwin of Deheubarth (died 1035). The cross, 4 metres (13 ft) tall, is made from the local limestone. Similar to the Nevern cross, it consists of two parts, connected with a tenon joint. It is possibly inscribed, on the west face:[5]

MARGIT
EUT.RE
X.ETG.FILIUS

The parish church of St Mary is a Grade I listed building, dating from the 14th century. In the churchyard is the Old Mortuary Chapel, also Grade I listed.[6]

The French Mill is a rare example of a tidal flour mill on a dam across the Carew inlet. The present building dates from the 18th century, but the French Mill was mentioned in 1476. The mill has not functioned since the 1930s, but its equipment is all still in place. It has two large undershot water wheels, driving seven sets of mill stones.

Sport

In 2017, Carew Cricket Club controversially declared in their final match against local rivals Cresselly to win the Pembroke County Cricket Club championship. Carew were subsequently demoted to a lower division as PCCC decided that they had not broken the rules but had not played within the spirit of cricket.[7][8]

References

  1. ^ "Ward and community population 2011". Retrieved 17 April 2015. 
  2. ^ Charles, B. G, The Placenames of Pembrokeshire, National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth, 1992, ISBN 0-907158-58-7, Vol II, p 476
  3. ^ "GENUKI: Carew, Pembrokeshire, parish map 144". Retrieved 15 April 2018. 
  4. ^ Lewis, Topological Dictionary of Wales,1833
  5. ^ "UCL: Carew1". Retrieved 15 April 2018. 
  6. ^ "British Listed Buildings: Church Of St. Mary, Carew". Retrieved 10 May 2016. 
  7. ^ "Local cricket: Pembroke champions Carew face disrepute charge". BBC News. 13 September 2017. Retrieved 15 April 2018. 
  8. ^ "Carew Cricket Club relegated after 'unfair' win over title rivals". BBC News. 26 September 2017. Retrieved 15 April 2018. 

Further reading

  • Nield, Ted. A legacy of tidal Power: Carew Tidal mill. Country Quest June 1986: 36

External links

  • Carew Castle
  • Pembrokeshire Coast National Park: Carew Castle and Mill
  • Historical information and sources on GENUKI
  • Photographs of Carew and surrounding area on Geograph
  • A Vision of Britain through Time: Carew
  • Dyfed Archaeological Trust; Carew, Milton and Nash - Historic background
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