Car shuttle train

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Interior of a Eurotunnel Shuttle train.

A car shuttle train, or (sometimes) car-carrying train, is a shuttle train used to transport accompanied cars (automobiles), and usually also other types of road vehicles, for a relatively short distance.

Car shuttle trains usually operate on lines passing through a rail tunnel and connecting two places not easily accessible to each other by road. On car shuttle train services, the occupants of the road vehicles being carried on the train usually stay with their vehicle throughout the rail journey.

As such, car shuttle train services are to be contrasted with Auto Train or Motorail services. Unlike a car shuttle train, an Auto Train or Motorail train is a passenger train on which, except in France,[1] passengers can take their car or automobile along with them. On Auto Trains or Motorail trains, passengers are carried in normal passenger cars or in sleeping cars on longer journeys, while the cars or automobiles are loaded separately into autoracks, car carriers, or flatcars that normally form part of the same train.

By country

Austria

Autoschleuse wagons in Mallnitz

Böckstein, SalzburgMallnitz-Obervellach, Carinthia: Autoschleuse Tauern Railway Tunnel operated by the Austrian Federal Railways (ÖBB)

Between France and the United Kingdom

Accompanied road vehicles are carried in closed railway wagons through the Channel Tunnel between Sangatte (Pas-de-Calais, France) and Cheriton (Kent, United Kingdom).

Germany

The SyltShuttle operated by DB AutoZug transports road vehicles on railway wagons over the Hindenburgdamm from Niebüll, Schleswig-Holstein to Westerland in Sylt (or in the opposite direction).

Slovenia

Car shuttle trains operate on the Bohinj Railway between Bohinjska Bistrica and Most na Soči through the Bohinj Tunnel to Podbrdo.[2]

Switzerland

Autoverlad in Kandersteg

The following car shuttle trains operate in Switzerland (mostly through tunnels):

Until the opening of the Gotthard Road Tunnel in 1980, there was also a car shuttle train through the Gotthard Rail Tunnel between Göschenen und Airolo. Following the catastrophic fire in the road tunnel on 24 October 2001, this car shuttle train resumed operations for a few weeks.[4]

United Kingdom

The Great Western Railway introduced a car shuttle service in 1924 to transport cars and their passengers through the Severn Tunnel between Pilning and Severn Tunnel Junction, which operated from 1926 until 1966. The service survived until it was made redundant by the Severn Bridge in 1966.[5][6] Motorail also operated on several British Rail routes from 1955 to 2005.

United States

From the 1960s to 2000, the town of Whittier, Alaska could be reached by vehicle by way of a train shuttle through the Whittier tunnel. In 2000, the expanded Anton Anderson Memorial Tunnel opened to shared vehicular and rail traffic.

See also

References

  1. ^ In France, Motorail passengers and their vehicles are transported on two separate trains.
  2. ^ Trains (magazine) February 2009, p75
  3. ^ Matterhorn Gotthard Bahn - Fahrplan Autoverlad Oberalp Archived July 7, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ Media release UVEK: Official reopening of the Gotthard Road Tunnel Archived 2004-08-31 at the Wayback Machine. (in German)
  5. ^ OS Nock (1967). History of the Great Western Railway: 1923-48 v. 3. London: Ian Allan Ltd. p. 42. ISBN 0-7110-0304-1.
  6. ^ Holland, Julian (2012). More Amazing & Extraordinary Railway Facts. David & Charles. ISBN 9781446356838.

External links

Media related to Transport of vehicles by rail at Wikimedia Commons

  • Urban commuter concept: increased range for electric vehicles by using trains
  • BLS Lötschberg Car Transport (in English)
  • DB Autozug SyltShuttle (in German)
  • Eurotunnel (in English)
  • ÖBB Autoschleuse Tauernbahn (in English)
  • RhB Car transporter - Albula / Vereina (in English)
  • SBB Autoverlad Brig – Iselle (in German)
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