Capital punishment in Hungary

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Capital punishment was completely abolished in Hungary on 24 October 1990 by the Constitutional Court (Decision 23/1990).[1] A month later on 1 December 1990 protocol No. 6 to the ECHR came into force. Hungary later adopted the Second Optional Protocol to the ICCPR as well. The last condemned man to be executed was hanged for the crime of murder on the 31 May 1988.

In April 2015, following the murder of a woman in southern Hungary, Prime Minister Viktor Orbán suggested that Hungary must reinstate capital punishment. This statement caused a strong reaction by EU officials, and Orbán had to retract it.[2]

Public opinion

Year For death penalty (%) In certain / special cases (%) Against death penalty (%) Don't know / Didn't answer (%)
1991[3] 77 23
2001[4] 64 29 7
2002[5] 60 32 8
2007[6] 63 7 28 2
2012[7] 55 11 33 1
2015[8] 58 37 5
2017[9] 24 52 21 3

References

  1. ^ Horváth, Tibor (1992). "A halálbüntetés abolíciója Magyarországon" [The abolishment of the capital punishment in Hungary] (PDF). Acta Universitatis Szegediensis: acta juridica et politica: 231. 
  2. ^ Traynor, Ian (30 April 2015). "EU chief warns Hungary over return of death penalty comments". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 June 2015. 
  3. ^ "Orbán már 2002-ben a halálbüntetéssel jött". HVG. 28 April 2015. 
  4. ^ "The Feeling of Safety among the Poles, Czechs, Hungarians, Lithuanians and Russians" (PDF). Polish Public Opinion: 2. July–August 2001. 
  5. ^ "The Feeling of Safety and the attitude to death penalty in Central and Eastern Europe" (PDF). Polish Public Opinion: 6. July–August 2002. 
  6. ^ "A közvélemény szigorúbban büntetne". Medián Közvélemény- és Piackutató Intézet. 23 May 2007. 
  7. ^ Kovács, János (3 June 2015). "A Halálbüntetés bevezetéséről – életképes vagy halva született ötlet?". Iránytű Intézet. 
  8. ^ "A halálbüntetés társadalmi támogatottsága 2015 júniusában". Iránytű Intézet. June 2015. 
  9. ^ Munk, Veronika (30 October 2017). "Többen akarnak halálbüntetést, mint tíz éve". Index–Závecz Research. 


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