Cao Jun (Prince of Chenliu)

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Cao Jun
曹峻
Prince of Chenliu (陳留王)
Tenure 232 – August or September 259
Tenure 222 – 224
Successor Cao Ao
Prince of Xiangyi (襄邑王)
Tenure 224 – 232
Duke of Xiangyi (襄邑公)
Tenure 221 – 222
Marquis of Xiangyi (襄邑侯)
Tenure 217 221
Marquis of Mei (郿侯)
Tenure 216 – 217
Born Unknown
Died August or September 259[a]
Issue Cao Ao
Full name
Family name: Cao (曹)
Given name: Jun (峻)
Courtesy name: Zi'an (子安)
Posthumous name
Prince Ai (哀王)
House House of Cao
Father Cao Cao
Mother Lady Qin

Cao Jun (died August or September 259),[a] courtesy name Zi'an, was a prince of the state of Cao Wei in the Three Kingdoms period of China. He was a son of Cao Cao, a warlord who rose to prominence towards the end of the Han dynasty and laid the foundation for the Cao Wei state. His mother was Lady Qin (秦夫人), a concubine of Cao Cao. She also bore Cao Cao another son, Cao Xuan.[2] Cao Jun was enfeoffed as the Marquis of Mei (郿侯) in 216 during the reign of Emperor Xian in the Eastern Han dynasty. His marquisate was changed to Xiangyi County (襄邑縣; present-day Sui County, Shangqiu, Henan) in the following year. In 221, a year after Cao Jun's elder half-brother Cao Pi ended the Han dynasty and established the state of Cao Wei, Cao Jun was promoted from a marquis to a duke. In 222, he received the title "Prince of Chenliu" (陳留王). Two years later, his princedom was changed from Chenliu (陳留; around present-day Kaifeng, Henan) to Xiangyi County. In 232, during the reign of Cao Pi's son Cao Rui, Cao Jun's princedom was relocated back to Chenliu. Cao Jun died in 259 during the reign of Cao Mao.[3]

Cao Jun was succeeded by his son, Cao Ao (曹澳). The number of taxable households in Cao Ao's princedom increased throughout the reigns of the Wei emperors until it reached 4,700.[4]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b Cao Mao's biography in the Sanguozhi recorded that Cao Jun died in the 7th month of the 4th year of the Ganlu era of Cao Mao's reign.[1] This month corresponds to 6 August to 3 September 259 in the Gregorian calendar.

References

  1. ^ ([甘露四年]秋七月,陳留王峻薨。) Sanguozhi vol. 4.
  2. ^ (武皇帝二十五男: ... 秦夫人生濟陽懷王玹、陳留恭王峻, ...) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  3. ^ (陳留恭王峻字子安,建安二十一年封郿侯。二十二年,徙封襄邑。黃初二年,進爵為公。三年,為陳留王。五年,改封襄邑縣。太和六年,又封陳留。甘露四年薨。) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  4. ^ (子澳嗣。景初、正元、景元中,累增邑,并前四千七百戶。) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
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