Cao Jun (Duke of Fan)

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Cao Jun
Duke of Fan (樊公)
Successor Cao Kang
Marquis of Fan (樊侯)
Tenure 217 – 219
Born Unknown
Died 219
Spouse Zhang Xiu's daughter
Issue Cao Kang
Full name
Family name: Cao (曹)
Given name: Jun (均)
Posthumous name
Duke An (安公)
House House of Cao
Father Cao Cao
Mother Lady Zhou

Cao Jun (died 219) was a son of Cao Cao, a warlord who rose to power in the late Eastern Han dynasty and laid the foundation for the state of Cao Wei in the Three Kingdoms period of China. His mother was Lady Zhou (周姬), a concubine of Cao Cao.[1] As his uncle Cao Bin (曹彬) had no heir, Cao Jun was adopted as Cao Bin's son. In 217, he was enfeoffed as the Marquis of Fan (樊侯). He died in 219 and was succeeded by his son, Cao Kang (曹抗).[2]

In 220, Cao Jun's half-brother Cao Pi became the first emperor of the Cao Wei state after usurping the throne from Emperor Xian, the last emperor of the Han dynasty. The following year, he honoured Cao Jun with the posthumous title "Duke An of Fan" (樊安公). Cao Jun's son and heir, Cao Kang, became the Duke of Fan. In 222, Cao Kang's title was changed to "Duke of Ji" (薊公), and to "Duke of Tunliu" (屯留公) in 223. Cao Kang died in 237 during the reign of Cao Pi's successor, Cao Rui, and was posthumously honoured as "Duke Ding" (定公). He was succeeded by his son, Cao Chen (曹諶), as the Duke of Tunliu. Throughout the reigns of the subsequent Wei emperors, the number of taxable households in Cao Chen's dukedom increased until it reached 1,900.[3]

See also


  1. ^ (武皇帝二十五男: ... 周姬生樊安公均, ...) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  2. ^ (樊安公均,奉叔父薊恭公彬後。建安二十二年,封樊侯。二十四年薨。子抗嗣。) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  3. ^ (黃初二年,追進公爵,謚曰樊公。三年,徙封抗薊公。四年,徙封屯留公。景初元年薨,謚曰定公。子諶嗣。景初、正元、景元中,累增邑,并前千九百戶。) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
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