Canale Monterano

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Canale Monterano
Comune
Comune di Canale Monterano
Roman aqueduct in Monterano.
Roman aqueduct in Monterano.
Coat of arms of Canale Monterano
Coat of arms
Canale Monterano is located in Italy
Canale Monterano
Canale Monterano
Location of Canale Monterano in Italy
Coordinates: 42°8′N 12°6′E / 42.133°N 12.100°E / 42.133; 12.100
Country Italy
Region Latium
Province / Metropolitan city Rome (RM)
Frazioni La Piana, Montevirginio
Government
 • Mayor Angelo Stefani
Area
 • Total 36.9 km2 (14.2 sq mi)
Elevation 378 m (1,240 ft)
Population (31 December 2014)[1]
 • Total 4,246
 • Density 120/km2 (300/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Canalesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 00060
Dialing code 06
Patron saint St. Bartholomew
Saint day August 24

Canale Monterano is a comune (municipality), former bishopric and Latin titular see in the Metropolitan City of Rome, in the central Italian region of Lazio (Ancient Latium).

Canale Monterano, located about 40 kilometres (25 mi) northwest of Rome, borders the following municipalities : Blera, Manziana, Oriolo Romano, Tolfa and Vejano.

Main sights

  • Giardini Botanici di Stigliano
  • Ruins of the former village of Monterano (seat of a bishopric, see below) which was set on fire, together with its population, by the French army at the end of the 18th century
  • Remains of Roman aqueduct

Ecclesiastical history

The nearby Diocese of Forum Clodii, established circa 300 in Ancient Forum Clodii, a Roman municipium sice the late IIIth century, was a mansion on the Via Claudia on the west bank of lake Bracciano, nowadays the tenuta di San Liberato in the commune of Bracciano. It was a bishopric at least since the 4th century, but Lanzoni starts the apostolic succession with martyr Alexander, buried at nearby Baccano (20th mile of the Via Claudia).

Plausibly due to the Longobard incursions, when the town of Forum Clodii was erased during the sixth century, the bishopric was renamed circa 600 as Diocese of Monterano in Curiate Italian (but still Forum Clodii alongside Middle Latin Manturanum) after its new, easier-defended see.

Its Ancient cathedral, in Monterano, dedicated to the Assumption of Mary, is a mere ruin.

In 900 it was suppressed, its canonical territory being merged into the Diocese of Sutri, which was itself merged in 1435 into the Diocese of Nepi e Sutri, and this ultimately into the Diocese of Civitavecchia-Tarquinia.

Residential Episcopal Ordinaries

(all Roman Rite)

Bishops of Forum Clodii
  • Saint Bishop Alessandro (Alexander) (200? – ?)
  • Domiziano or Donaziano (313? – ?), participant in the Roman synod called in 313 by Pope Miltiades, mentioned in De schismate Donatistarum by Ottato di Milevi
  • Asterio (465? – ?)
  • Gaudenzio (487? – ?), partook in the 487 Lateran council called by Pope Felix III
  • Colonio or Colonico (499? – ?), attended councils under Pope Symmachus from 499 till 502.
Bishops of Monterano
  • Reparato (649? – ?), attended the Lateran synod of 649.
  • Esilarato (680? – ?), parttook in the Roman council of 680 to prepare the Third Council of Constantinople
  • Opportuno (721? – ?), participant in the Roman synod celebrated by Pope Gregory II.

Titular see

In 1966 the diocese was nominally restored as Titular bishopric of Monterano (in Italian) or Forum Clodii in Latin.

It has had the following incumbents, of the fitting episcopal (lowest) rank, with an archiepiscopal exception :

  • Titular Bishop: Emilio Baroncelli (1968.02.15 – death 1972.12.06) as emeritate, previously Bishop of Veroli (Italy) (1943.01.25 – 1955.08.12), Bishop of Recanati (Italy) (1955.08.12 – 1968.02.15)
  • Titular Archbishop: Giovanni Canestri (1975.02.08 – 1984.03.22) as Vicegerent for the Vicariate of Roma (Rome, Italy) (1975.02.08 – 1984.03.22), Metropolitan Archbishop of Cagliari (insular Italy) (1984.03.22 – 1987.07.06), Metropolitan Archbishop of Genova–Bobbio (Italy) (1987.07.06 – 1989.06.16), created Cardinal-Priest of S. Andrea della Valle (1988.06.28 – 2015.04.29), Metropolitan Archbishop of Genova (Italy) (1989.06.16 – 1995.04.20); previously Titular Bishop of Tenedus (1961.07.08 – 1971.01.07) as Auxiliary Bishop of the above Vicariate of Rome (1961.07.08 – 1971.01.07), Bishop of Tortona (Italy) (1971.01.07 – 1975.02.08)
  • Titular Bishop: Angelo Gelmi Bertocchi (1985.04.04 – death 2016.06.17), as Auxiliary Bishop of Cochabamba (Bolivia) (1985.04.04 – 2013.05.31) and on emeritate
  • Titular Bishop: Javier Salinas Viñals (2016.09.08 – ...), as Auxiliary Bishop of Valencia (southern Spain); previously Bishop of Ibiza (Balearic Spain) (1992.05.26 – 1997.09.05), Bishop of Tortosa (Spain) (1997.09.05 – 2012.11.16) and Apostolic Administrator of Lleida (Spain) (2007.03.08 – 2008.07.16), Bishop of Mallorca (Balearic Spain) (2012.11.16 – 2016.09.08).

See also

References

  1. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.

Sources and external links

  • GCatholic - ecclesiastical history of Monterano
Bibliography - ecclesiastical history
  • Ferdinando Ughelli, Italia sacra, vol. X, second edition, Venice 1722, col. 100
  • Giuseppe Cappelletti, Le Chiese d'Italia della loro origine sino ai nostri giorni, vol. VI, Venice 1847, pp. 184–185 (Monterano) e p. 193 (Forum Clodii)
  • Louis Duchesne, Le sedi episcopali nell'antico ducato di Roma, in Archivio della romana società di storia patria, Volume XV, Rome 1892, p. 493
  • Fedele Savio, I vescovi di Manturanum, in Miscellanea di studi storici in onore di Giovanni Sforza, Lucca 1920, pp. 1–9
  • Francesco Lanzoni, Le diocesi d'Italia dalle origini al principio del secolo VII (an. 604), vol. II, Faenza 1927, pp. 528–530
  • Lidio Gasperini, Archeologia e storia del territorio canalese, Canale Monterano 1999
  • AA.VV., Riserva naturale Monterano, Guida ai servizi delle aree naturali e protette del Lazio, Regione Lazio 2005
  • Pius Bonifacius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae Catholicae, Leipzig 1931, p. 738
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