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  (Redirected from Canal +)
Launched 4 November 1984; 33 years ago (1984-11-04)
Network Canal+ Group
Owned by Vivendi
Picture format 576i (SDTV)
1080i (HDTV)
Audience share 2.8% (2013, Médiamétrie)
Slogan (in French) Créateur et original depuis 1984
(Creator and original since 1984)
Country France
Language French
Headquarters Issy-les-Moulineaux, Paris, France
TNT Channel 4 (HD)
Canal Channels 4 & 9 (SD/HD)
Channel 503 (HD)
Channels 703 & 710 (SD)
Canal Channel 4 & 9 (SD/HD)
Channel 503 (HD)

Canal+ ("Canal Plus", "C+", French pronunciation: ​[kanalˈplys], meaning "Channel Plus/Max") is a French premium cable television channel launched in 1984. It is 100% owned by the Canal+ Group, which in turn is owned by Vivendi SA. The channel broadcasts several kinds of programming, mostly encrypted. Unencrypted programming can be viewed free of charge on Canal+ and on satellite on Canal+ Clair (Clear).

Canal+ is a supporter of the Hybrid Broadcast Broadband TV (HbbTV) initiative (a consortium of broadcasting and Internet industry companies including SES, OpenTV and Institut für Rundfunktechnik), which promotes and establishes an open European standard for hybrid set-top boxes for the reception of broadcast TV and broadband multimedia applications with a single user interface.


After the announcement about the launch of the fourth French television channel, Canal+ started broadcasting on 4 November 1984. In 1986, the channel had one million subscribers. It has produced numerous films of auteurs, including David Lynch's The Straight Story, Mulholland Dr., and Inland Empire.

From 2000 to 2002, Virginie Calmels successively held two positions, that of financial director and then CEO.[1][2]

With the launch of the digital satellite channel CanalSatellite on 27 April 1996, Canal+ received two new sister channels: Canal+ Jaune and Canal+ Bleu.[3] A fourth channel, called Canal+ Vert came along on 31 August 1998. The channels changed their names to Canal+ Confort (now known as Canal+ Décalé since 2005), Canal+ Cinéma and Canal+ Sport on 1 November 2003.

In September 2005, Canal+, Canal+ Cinéma and Canal+ Sport started broadcasting in the French digital terrestrial television network. The free-to-air parts of Canal+ had already been broadcasting for a few months by then. In August 2008, Canal+ started broadcasting the encrypted parts of its main channel in high-definition in the terrestrial network. Canal+ announced plans to turn off the analogue terrestrial signals by 2010.[4]

An account of the rise of Canal+ and CanalSatellite, and the establishment of the Canal+ Group as a major satellite broadcaster in Europe is given in the book, High Above, which tells the story of the foundation and development of the leading European satellite operator, Astra.

In February 2013, for €29 million per year, Canal+ bought the TV rights for the FIA Formula One World Championship. The same year, the group bought the rights of the English Premier League, the most watched football league in the world.[5]

In July 2014, the launch of a new pan-African TV channel - A+ - was announced. Based in Abidjan (Ivory Coast), it aims to become the leading television company in French-speaking Africa.[6]

In September 2015, Vincent Bolloré -Chairman of Vivendi- was appointed as chairman of Canal Plus. He changed several former executives and aligned Canal +'s operations with Vivendi's.[7]

Effective November 15, 2017, Quebec cable system Videotron will begin carrying Canal+, marking the first time Canal+ became available in Canada.[8]


Les Chaînes Canal+

Les Chaînes Canal+[9] is the brand name used for all the Canal+-branded channels in France. Prior to 2008 it was called Canal+ Le Bouquet.

Channel Launched Notes Availability Format Broadcast Hours
DTT Satellite IPTV Cable
Canal+ 1984 Yes Yes Yes Yes 16:9 SDTV 24 hours
Canal+ HD 2006 previously known as Canal+ 16/9 then as Canal+ Hi-Tech Yes Yes Yes Yes 16:9 HDTV 24 hours
Canal+ Cinéma 1996 A dedicated movie channel, previously known as Canal+ Jaune Yes Yes Yes Yes 16:9 SDTV 24 hours
Canal+ Cinéma HD 2010 No Yes Yes Yes 1080i HDTV 24 hours
Canal+ Sport 1998 A sports channel, previously known as Canal+ Vert Yes Yes Yes Yes 16:9 SDTV 24 hours
Canal+ Sport HD 2010 No Yes Yes Yes 1080i HDTV 24 hours
Canal+ Family 2007 A channel broadcasting familial programmes, series and cartoons No Yes Yes Yes 16:9 SDTV 24 hours
Canal+ Family HD 2010 No Yes Yes Yes 1080i HDTV 24 hours
Canal+ Séries 2013 A channel broadcasting series No Yes Yes Yes 16:9 SDTV 24 hours
Canal+ Séries HD 2013 No Yes Yes Yes 1080i HDTV 24 hours
Canal+ Décalé 1996 Shows repeats of programs shown on Canal+, previously known as Canal+ Bleu No Yes Yes Yes 16:9 SDTV 24 hours
Canal+ Décalé HD 2010 No Yes Yes Yes 1080i HDTV 24 hours
Canal 8 2013 A channel broadcasting entertainment programmes and films. It is free-to-air. Yes Yes Yes Yes 1080i HDTV 24 hours
Canal Star 2016 A channel broadcasting music videos and reality shows and documentaries. It is free-to-air. Yes Yes Yes Yes 1080i HDTV 24 hours
Canal News 2016 A 24-hour News channel. It is free-to-air Yes Yes Yes Yes 1080i HDTV 24 hours

Sister channels

As Canal+ was launched in new markets the brand has been used in several countries. When launching additional channels the channels were usually given colour-coded names, such as Canal+ Blue, Canal+ Green and Canal+ Yellow. Many of these subsidiaries have been sold and as of 2007, only the Spanish and Polish Canal+ were partially owned by French Canal+.

  • Canal+ Spain, launched in 1990 in Spain by Sogecable as an analogue pay channel, similar to the French version. In 2015 The largest Spanish telecommunications company Telefónica received the approved and closed the acquisition of Canal +, now renamed Movistar+.
  • Canal+ Flanders, became Canal+ when FilmNet was bought. Later sold and is now known as Prime TV (Telenet, a subsidiary of Liberty Global).
  • Canal+ Belgium, now known as BeTV. It shares many common programs with the French channels. It is owned by VOO, a public telco in Wallonia.
  • Canal+ Poland. The channel is called Canal+, the satellite platform nc+
  • Canal+ Scandinavia, launched as Canal+ in 1997 with the integration of the FilmNet channels. The company was sold and renamed C More Entertainment, although the brand Canal+ was still used. It was purchased by the SBS Broadcasting Group in 2005, which was merged with ProSiebenSat.1 Media in 2007. In 2008, an agreement was made to sell the channels to TV4 Group. Since 2012 it is called C-More.
  • Tele+ Digitale, the Italian branch sold in 2003 to News Corp. and fused with Stream TV, the direct competitor. Now, it is called Sky Italia.
  • Premiere, a German premium television channel and platform launched in 1990, was founded by Canal+, Bertelsmann and Kirch. A few years later, Canal+ sold its share of Premiere. It is now known as Sky Deutschland and is owned by the UK's Sky plc.
  • Movie Network, an Australian premium television service launched in 1995, was founded as a partnership between Canal+, HBO (a subsidiary of Time Warner), The Walt Disney Company, MGM/UA and Village Roadshow. A few years later, Canal+ dropped out from the partnership.
  • In May 2009, K+ founded by Canal+ and VTV was launched. K+ serves Digital and Satellite Paid Televisions in Vietnam.
  • Canal+ Horizons, launched as Canal Horizons in 1990, is the channel in Africa.
  • Canal+ Myanmar, Launch in Myanmar On February 1,2018, After Vietnam (K+), Second Countries Launch Canal+ in Southeast Asia.
  • Canal+ Philippines and Indonesia, Will be Launch Later, Replaced Parabola Orange TV, Skynindo (Indonesia).

See also


  1. ^ "Virginie Calmels: Executive Profile & Biography - Bloomberg". Retrieved 2017-09-20. 
  2. ^ "Virginie Calmels joins the Assystem Board of Directors" (PDF). 2016. 
  3. ^ "L'histoire du Groupe Canal+ de 1983 à nos jours". Archived from the original on 4 May 2012. Retrieved 3 April 2009. 
  4. ^ "Canal plans analogue switch-off". broadbandtvnews. 3 April 2009. 
  5. ^ The National Sport.
  6. ^ Le Monde.
  7. ^ Keslassy, Elsa (2015-09-10). "Vincent Bollore Shakes Up Canal Plus Management". Variety. Retrieved 2017-09-20. 
  8. ^
  9. ^ "Les Chaînes Canal+ : Programs for all tastes". Archived from the original on 7 February 2009. Retrieved 25 June 2009. 

External links

  • Official website (in French)
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