Canada at the Summer Olympics

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Canada at the
Summer Olympics
Flag of Canada.svg
IOC code CAN
NOC Canadian Olympic Committee
Website www.olympic.ca (in English)
www.olympique.ca(in French)
Medals
Gold
64
Silver
102
Bronze
136
Total
302
Summer appearances
Winter appearances
Other related appearances
1906 Intercalated Games
Flag used from 1900-1920
Flag used from 1924-1956
Flag used from 1960-1964

Canada has competed at 23 Summer Olympic Games, missing only the inaugural 1896 Summer Olympics and the boycotted 1980 Summer Olympics. The nation made its debut at the 1900 Summer Olympics. Canada competes under the IOC country code CAN.

Canada has hosted the Summer Olympic Games once, in 1976 in Montreal, and the Winter Olympic Games twice, in Calgary, Alberta in 1988 and Vancouver, British Columbia in 2010.

Medal tables

Medals by year
   Hosted Summer Games
Games Athletes Gold Silver Bronze Total Rank
Greece 1896 Athens did not participate
France 1900 Paris 2 1 0 1 2 13
United States 1904 St. Louis 52 4 1 1 6 4
United Kingdom 1908 London 87 3 3 10 16 7
Sweden 1912 Stockholm 37 3 2 3 8 9
Belgium 1920 Antwerp 53 3 3 3 9 12
France 1924 Paris 65 0 3 1 4 20
Netherlands 1928 Amsterdam 69 4 4 7 15 10
United States 1932 Los Angeles 102 2 5 8 15 12
Germany 1936 Berlin 97 1 3 5 9 17
United Kingdom 1948 London 118 0 1 2 3 25
Finland 1952 Helsinki 107 1 2 0 3 21
Australia 1956 Melbourne 92 2 1 3 6 15
Italy 1960 Rome 85 0 1 0 1 32
Japan 1964 Tokyo 115 1 2 1 4 22
Mexico 1968 Mexico City 138 1 3 1 5 23
West Germany 1972 Munich 208 0 2 3 5 27
Canada 1976 Montreal (host nation) 385 0 5 6 11 27
Soviet Union 1980 Moscow did not participate
United States 1984 Los Angeles 407 10 18 16 44 6
South Korea 1988 Seoul 328 3 2 5 10 19
Spain 1992 Barcelona 295 7 4 7 18 11
United States 1996 Atlanta 303 3 11 8 22 21
Australia 2000 Sydney 294 3 3 8 14 24
Greece 2004 Athens 263 3 6 3 12 21
China 2008 Beijing 332 3 9 8 20 19
United Kingdom 2012 London 281 2 5 11 18 36
Brazil 2016 Rio de Janeiro 314 4 3 15 22 20
Japan 2020 Tokyo Future event
France 2024 Paris Future event
United States 2028 Los Angeles Future event
Total 64 102 136 302 20

Canada also won 1 gold medal and 1 silver medal at the 1906 Summer Olympics, which the IOC no longer recognizes as an official Olympic games, so those medals are not counted in this table.

Medals by sport
  Leading in that sport
Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total
Athletics 14 15 31 60
Rowing 9 17 15 41
Swimming 8 15 26 49
Canoeing and kayaking (sprint) 4 10 10 24
Shooting 4 3 2 9
Boxing 3 7 7 17
Freestyle wrestling 3 7 7 17
Synchronized swimming 3 4 1 8
Trampoline gymnastics 2 3 2 7
Equestrian (jumping) 2 2 1 5
Lacrosse 2 0 1 3
Diving 1 4 8 13
Track cycling 1 2 5 8
Weightlifting 1 2 1 4
Triathlon 1 1 0 2
Football 1 0 2 3
Artistic gymnastics 1 0 0 1
Golf 1 0 0 1
Rhythmic gymnastics 1 0 0 1
Tennis 1 0 0 1
Sailing 0 3 6 9
Judo 0 2 3 5
Mountain biking 0 2 1 3
Road cycling 0 1 2 3
Taekwondo 0 1 1 2
Basketball 0 1 0 1
Beach volleyball 0 0 1 1
Equestrian (dressage) 0 0 1 1
Equestrian (eventing) 0 0 1 1
Rugby sevens 0 0 1 1
Totals (30 sports) 63 102 136 301

*One of Canada's Ice Hockey gold medals was won during the 1920 Summer Olympics. This table does not include this medal, resulting in the discrepancy between the medals by games and medals by sports tables.

Canada has never won an Olympic medal in the following current summer sports: Archery, Badminton, BMX, Canoeing and kayaking - Slalom, Fencing, Field hockey, Greco-Roman Wrestling, Handball, Indoor Volleyball, Modern pentathlon, Table tennis, and Water polo.

Aquatics

Diving

Canada's only gold medal in diving was won by Sylvie Bernier in Los Angeles. At the 2012 Olympics, Émilie Heymans became the first Canadian Summer Olympian to win a medal in four straight Olympics.[1]

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total
1956 Melbourne 0 0 1 1
1984 Los Angeles 1 0 0 1
1996 Atlanta 0 0 1 1
2000 Sydney 0 1 1 2
2004 Athens 0 1 1 2
2008 Beijing 0 2 0 2
2012 London 0 0 2 2
2016 Rio de Janeiro 0 0 2 2
Totals (8 games) 1 4 8 13

Swimming

After George Hodgson won two gold medals in the 1912 Stockholm games, it would be 72 years before Alex Baumann became the second Canadian swimmer to win Olympic gold, when he won both individual medley events in world record time in the 1984 Los Angeles games. Victor Davis (1984), Anne Ottenbrite (1984), Mark Tewksbury (1992) and Penny Oleksiak (2016) are the only other Canadian swimmers to win gold medals. In 2004, Canada failed to win a medal of any colour in swimming for the first time in 40 years.

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total
1912 Stockholm 2 0 0 2
1920 Antwerp 0 1 1 2
1928 Amsterdam 0 0 1 1
1968 Mexico City 0 3 1 4
1972 Munich 0 2 2 4
1976 Montreal 0 2 6 8
1984 Los Angeles 4 3 3 10
1988 Seoul 0 1 1 2
1992 Barcelona 1 0 1 2
1996 Atlanta 0 1 2 3
2000 Sydney 0 0 1 1
2008 Beijing 0 0 1 1
2012 London 0 1 2 3
2016 Rio de Janeiro 1 1 4 6
Total 8 15 26 49

Synchronized swimming

Canada has been very successful in synchronized swimming at the Olympics, winning medals at every games in which the sport was competed except for 2004 & 2008.

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total
1984 Los Angeles 0 2 0 2
1988 Seoul 2 0 0 2
1992 Barcelona 1 1 0 2
1996 Atlanta 0 1 0 1
2000 Sydney 0 0 1 1
Total 3 4 1 8

Water polo

Canada has never won an Olympic medal in water polo. Their best finish was fifth in the women's tournament at the 2000 games.

Archery

Canada has never won an Olympic medal in archery. Their best finish was fifth in the women's individual competition at the 1976 games.

Athletics

Canada is not traditionally strong in athletics, but the nation has won medals in 15 of 23 games in which it has competed. Some memorable performances are the double gold by Percy Williams in the 100m and 200m in the 1928 Amsterdam games, and the gold medals won in Atlanta (1996) by Donovan Bailey in the 100m (in world record time) and by the men's 4 × 100 m relay team.

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total
1900 Paris 1 0 1 2
1904 St. Louis 1 0 0 1
1908 London 1 1 4 6
1912 Stockholm 1 2 2 5
1920 Antwerp 1 0 0 1
1928 Amsterdam 4 2 2 8
1932 Los Angeles 1 3 5 9
1936 Berlin 0 1 3 4
1948 London 0 0 1 1
1964 Tokyo 0 1 1 2
1976 Montreal 0 1 0 1
1984 Los Angeles 0 2 3 5
1988 Seoul 0 0 1 1
1992 Barcelona 1 1 1 3
1996 Atlanta 2 0 0 2
2008 Beijing 0 0 2 2
2012 London 0 0 1 1
2016 Rio de Janeiro 1 1 4 6
Total 14 15 31 60

Canada also won 1 gold medal and 1 silver medal in Athletics at the 1906 Summer Olympics, which are not counted in this table.

Badminton

Canada has never won an Olympic medal in badminton, since its introduction in 1992. Their best finish was fourth in the women's doubles competition at the 2012 games.

Baseball

Canada has never won an Olympic medal in baseball. Their best finish was fourth at the 2004 games.

Basketball

Canada has only won an Olympic medal in basketball once, a silver in 1936.

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total
1936 Berlin 0 1 0 1
Total 0 1 0 1

Boxing

Canada has enjoyed modest success in Olympic boxing, winning medals in eight games. Lennox Lewis won the super heavyweight gold medal in Seoul, before competing for his native Great Britain as a professional.

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total
1920 Antwerp 1 2 2 5
1924 Paris 0 0 1 1
1928 Amsterdam 0 0 1 1
1932 Los Angeles 1 0 0 1
1984 Los Angeles 0 2 1 3
1988 Seoul 1 1 1 3
1992 Barcelona 0 1 1 2
1996 Atlanta 0 1 0 1
Total 3 7 7 17

Canoeing and kayaking

Slalom

Canada has never won an Olympic medal in a whitewater event. Their best finish was fourth in the men's K-1 competition at the 2004 games.

Sprint

Adam van Koeverden and Caroline Brunet are recent multiple medal winners for Canada.

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total
1936 Berlin 1 1 1 3
1948 London 0 1 1 2
1952 Helsinki 0 1 0 1
1976 Montreal 0 1 0 1
1984 Los Angeles 2 2 2 6
1996 Atlanta 0 1 0 1
2000 Sydney 0 1 1 2
2004 Athens 1 0 2 3
2008 Beijing 0 1 1 2
2012 London 0 1 2 3
Total 4 10 10 24

Cycling

Canada's only gold medal in cycling was won by Lori-Ann Muenzer in Athens. Another Canadian cyclist of note is Clara Hughes, double bronze medalist in Atlanta (1996). She has also won medals in the 2002 and 2006 Winter Olympics in speed skating, and is the only Olympian to win multiple medals in both the summer and winter games.

BMX

Canada has never won an Olympic medal in a BMX event since its introduction to the Olympics in 2008. Its best finish was fifth in the men's competition at the 2016 games.

Mountain Biking

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total
1996 Atlanta 0 1 0 1
2004 Athens 0 1 0 1
2016 Rio de Janeiro 0 0 1 1
Total 0 2 1 3

Road Cycling

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total
1984 Los Angeles 0 1 0 1
1996 Atlanta 0 0 2 2
Total 0 1 2 3

Track Cycling

Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
2004 Athens 1 0 0 1
1996 Atlanta 0 1 1 2
1984 Los Angeles 0 1 0 1
1908 London 0 0 1 1
1992 Barcelona 0 0 1 1
2012 London 0 0 1 1
2016 Rio de Janeiro 0 0 1 1
Totals (7 nations) 1 2 5 8

Equestrian

Canada's first gold medal in equestrian events was won by the show jumping team in Mexico City. A second gold medal, and the first in an individual event, went to Eric Lamaze at the 2008 Beijing Olympics.

Dressage

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total
1988 Seoul 0 0 1 1
Total 0 0 1 1

Eventing

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total
1956 Stockholm 0 0 1 1
Total 0 0 1 1

Jumping

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total
1968 Mexico City 1 0 0 1
1976 Montreal 0 1 0 1
2008 Beijing 1 1 0 2
2016 Rio de Janeiro 0 0 1 1
Total 2 2 1 5

Fencing

Canada has never won an Olympic medal in fencing. Their best finish was fourth in the men's team épée competition at the 1984 games and the women's team épée competition at the 2004 games.

Golf

Golf was only included in the Olympic program for the 1900 and 1904 games, at which George Lyon won the individual gold medal.

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total
1904 St. Louis 1 0 0 1
Total 1 0 0 1

Gymnastics

Canada has only won a single medal in artistic gymnastics, a gold by Kyle Shewfelt in Athens. Lori Fung won a gold in rhythmic gymnastics in Los Angeles and Canadians have also won medals in trampolining.

Artistic

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total
2004 Athens 1 0 0 1
Total 1 0 0 1

Rhythmic

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total
1984 Los Angeles 1 0 0 1
Total 1 0 0 1

Trampoline

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total
2000 Sydney 0 0 2 2
2004 Athens 0 1 0 1
2008 Beijing 0 2 0 2
2012 London 1 0 0 1
2016 Rio de Janeiro 1 0 0 1
Total 2 3 2 7

Handball

Canada has never won an Olympic medal in handball. Their best finish was sixth in the women's tournament at the 1976 games.

Field hockey

Canada has never won an Olympic medal in field hockey. Their best finish was fifth in the women's tournament at the 1984 games.

Ice hockey

Canada won the gold medal when ice hockey was introduced in the program of the 1920 Olympics in Antwerp. The sport was moved to the Winter Olympics program for the first winter games in 1924.

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total
1920 Antwerp 1 0 0 1
Total 1 0 0 1

Judo

Canada has won 5 medals in Judo at the Olympics, most recently a bronze by Antoine Valois-Fortier at the 2012 Summer Olympics in London.

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total
1964 Tokyo 0 1 0 1
1984 Los Angeles 0 0 1 1
1992 Barcelona 0 0 1 1
2000 Sydney 0 1 0 1
2012 London 0 0 1 1
Total 0 2 3 5

Lacrosse

Lacrosse was only part of the Olympic program in the 1904 and 1908 games; Canadian teams won the gold medal each time. In 1904, a second Canadian team, composed only of Mohawk Indians, also won a bronze medal.

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total
1904 St. Louis 1 0 1 2
1908 London 1 0 0 1
Total 2 0 1 3

Modern pentathlon

Canada has never won an Olympic medal in modern pentathlon. Their best finish was eleventh in the men's team competition at the 1988 games and the women's competition at the 2012 games.

Rowing

Rowing is one of Canada's most successful sports at the summer Olympics. The pair of Marnie McBean and Kathleen Heddle won gold in both the Barcelona (1992) and Atlanta (1996) games. Canada has traditionally done well in the coxed eights event, with the men's team winning a medal 9 times and the women's team winning a medal 3 times.

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total
1904 St. Louis 0 1 0 1
1908 London 0 0 3 3
1912 Stockholm 0 0 1 1
1924 Paris 0 2 0 2
1928 Amsterdam 0 1 1 2
1932 Los Angeles 0 0 2 2
1956 Melbourne 1 1 0 2
1960 Rome 0 1 0 1
1964 Tokyo 1 0 0 1
1984 Los Angeles 1 2 3 6
1992 Barcelona 4 0 1 5
1996 Atlanta 1 4 1 6
2000 Sydney 0 0 1 1
2004 Athens 0 1 0 1
2008 Beijing 1 1 2 4
2012 London 0 2 0 2
2016 Rio de Janeiro 0 1 0 1
Total 9 17 15 41

Rugby

Canada never qualified a rugby union team for an Olympic games prior to its removal from the program in 1924. The women's rugby sevens team won a bronze at the 2016 games in the sport's first games on the program.

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total
2016 Rio de Janeiro 0 0 1 1
Total 0 0 1 1

Sailing

Canada's most notable event in Olympic sailing competition was from the 1988 Seoul games, where Lawrence Lemieux was racing towards a certain medal finish, but stopped to help two Singaporean sailors whose boat had capsized during the race. Lemieux was later presented an award from IOC president Juan Antonio Samaranch to honor his act of bravery.

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total
1932 Los Angeles 0 1 1 2
1972 Munich 0 0 1 1
1984 Los Angeles 0 1 2 3
1988 Seoul 0 0 1 1
1992 Barcelona 0 0 1 1
2004 Athens 0 1 0 1
Total 0 3 6 9

Shooting

Linda Thom's gold medal in the 1984 Los Angeles games was the first summer Olympic gold medal for Canada in 16 years, having been shut out in Munich (1972) and Montreal (1976), and boycotting the Moscow (1980) games. Since her victory was unexpected, and the sport is not very popular, the event was not broadcast live and Canadian television crews had to scramble to put taped images on the air.

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total
1908 London 1 2 1 4
1924 Paris 0 1 0 1
1952 Helsinki 1 0 0 1
1956 Melbourne 1 0 1 2
1984 Los Angeles 1 0 0 1
Total 4 3 2 9

Soccer

Canada first competed in Olympic football at the second tournament, 1904. One club team from Canada went to St. Louis to compete against two American teams, winning the gold medal. Canada's men's soccer team is considered unlikely to qualify for the Olympics. The women's national team won the bronze medal in the 2012 and 2016 Olympics.

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total
1904 St. Louis 1 0 0 1
2012 London 0 0 1 1
2016 Rio de Janeiro 0 0 1 1
Total 1 0 2 3

Softball

Canada has never won an Olympic medal in softball. Their best finish was fourth in the women's tournament at the 2008 games.

Table tennis

Canada has never won an Olympic medal in table tennis since its introduction in the 1988 games. Their best finish was fifth in the men's singles tournament at the 1996 games.

Taekwondo

Dominique Bosshart won a bronze medal when the sport of taekwondo was introduced at the 2000 Sydney games. Karine Sergerie won silver in the 67 kilogram event, achieving Canada's best-ever finish in taekwondo at the Olympic Games.

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total
2000 Sydney 0 0 1 1
2008 Beijing 0 1 0 1
Total 0 1 1 2

Tennis

Canada's lone medal in Olympic tennis was the surprising victory by the men's doubles team of Sébastien Lareau and Daniel Nestor, who beat the home favourite Australian team in the 2000 Sydney games.

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total
2000 Sydney 1 0 0 1
Total 1 0 0 1

Triathlon

Simon Whitfield won the gold medal when triathlon was introduced at the 2000 Sydney games. After a disappointing 11th-place finish at the 2004 Athens games, Whitfield returned to take the silver medal at the 2008 Beijing games. Whitfield was nudged out at the end of the race for the gold medal.

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total
2000 Sydney 1 0 0 1
2008 Beijing 0 1 0 1
Total 1 1 0 2

Volleyball

Canada's lone medal in volleyball was won by the beach volleyball team of John Child and Mark Heese when the event was introduced as a medal sport at the 1996 Atlanta games.

Beach

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total
1996 Atlanta 0 0 1 1
Total 0 0 1 1

Indoor

Canada has never won an Olympic medal in indoor volleyball. Their best finish was fourth in the men's tournament at the 1984 games.

Weightlifting

Canada's medals in weightlifting were won by Gerald Gratton in 1952, Jacques Demers in 1984, and Christine Girard in 2008 and 2012. In 2008 Christine Girard originally took fourth place at women's 63 kg weightlifting event. After a positive doping test by the silver medallist the IOC disqualified her,[2] and Girard's fourth place was retroactively upgraded to a bronze.[3] In 2012 Christine Girard originally won the bronze medal at women's 63 kg weightlifting event. After a positive doping tests by the gold and silver medallists the IOC disqualified them,[4][5] and Girard's bronze was retroactively upgraded to a gold.[6]

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total
1952 Helsinki 0 1 0 1
1984 Los Angeles 0 1 0 1
2008 Beijing 0 0 1 1
2012 London 1 0 0 1
Total 1 2 1 4

Wrestling

Canada's two gold medals in wrestling were won by Daniel Igali in the 2000 Sydney games and Carol Huynh in the 2008 Beijing games in freestyle.

Freestyle

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total
1908 London 0 0 1 1
1928 Amsterdam 0 1 2 3
1932 Los Angeles 0 1 0 1
1936 Berlin 0 0 1 1
1984 Los Angeles 0 1 1 2
1992 Barcelona 0 1 0 1
1996 Atlanta 0 1 0 1
2000 Sydney 1 0 0 1
2004 Athens 0 1 0 1
2008 Beijing 1 0 1 2
2012 London 0 1 1 2
2016 Rio de Janeiro 1 0 0 1
Total 3 7 7 17

Greco-Roman

Canada has never won an Olympic medal in Greco-Roman wrestling. Their best finish was fourth in the men's light heavyweight competition at the 1956 games.

References

  1. ^ "Divers Capture Canada's 1st Medal of London 2012". CTV Olympics. 2012-07-29. Retrieved 2012-07-29.
  2. ^ https://www.olympic.org/news/ioc-sanctions-16-athletes-for-failing-anti-doping-tests-at-beijing-2008 IOC sanctions 16 athletes for failing anti-doping tests at Beijing 2008
  3. ^ "Beijing 2008 63kg women". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2018-03-04.
  4. ^ https://www.olympic.org/news/ioc-sanctions-eight-athletes-for-failing-anti-doping-test-at-london-2012 IOC sanctions eight athletes for failing ant-doping test at London 2012
  5. ^ https://www.olympic.org/news/ioc-sanctions-three-athletes-for-failing-anti-doping-test-at-beijing-2008-and-london-2012 IOC sanctions three athletes for failing anti doping test at Beijing 2008 and London 2012
  6. ^ "London 2012 63kg women". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2018-03-04.

See also

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