Cameron, Fife

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Cameron
Cameron is located in Fife
Cameron
Cameron
Cameron shown within Fife
Population 415 
OS grid reference NO4845011646
Council area
Lieutenancy area
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Leven, St Andrews
Postcode district KY9 and KY16
Police Scottish
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
List of places
UK
Scotland
56°17′40″N 2°50′04″W / 56.294437°N 2.8344780°W / 56.294437; -2.8344780Coordinates: 56°17′40″N 2°50′04″W / 56.294437°N 2.8344780°W / 56.294437; -2.8344780
Cameron Parish Church

Cameron is a parish in east Fife, Scotland, 3½ miles south-west of St Andrews.[1]

It is bounded on the north by the parish of St Andrews, on the east by Dunino, on the south by Carnbee and Kilconquhar, and on the west by Ceres. From east to west it is 5 – 6 miles long and in breadth about 4 miles.[2]

It contains the hamlets of Lathones, Denhead and Radernie.[3]

Parish of Cameron (1900)
Cameron Reservoir

The civil parish has a population of 415[4] and its area is 9325 acres.[1] It is also a Community Council area. The number of community councillors to which each area is entitled is determined by population and Cameron is therefore entitled to eight councillors. [5][6]

Cameron was originally part of the parish of St Andrews, but was erected into a separate parish in 1645 by Act of Parliament and the first minister of the parish, George Nairne, was inducted in 1646.[2] With the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1894 the Parish Council was established. It ceased in 1930 when parish councils in Scotland were abolished,[7] but civil parishes persist for census and other non-administrative purposes.

The church is nearly in the centre of the parish, just north of Cameron Burn as its leaves Cameron Reservoir. It was built in 1808 to a plain design, replacing the old church on the same site which was in a very ruinous state. The church is covered in blue slate, with a belfry on the west gable.[2][8] Ecclesiastically the parish is now linked to the parish of St. Leonards in the town of St Andrews, with the minister covering both churches.[9]

The most significant mansion in the parish is that of Mount Melville, former residence of the Melville family, which lies just inside the northern boundary of the parish.[2] It was acquired in 1698 for General George Melville of Strathkiness [10] and the present house was constructed in 1820-1821.[11] The house and grounds continued in Melville family ownership until 1901.[12] In 1947 Mount Melville house and gardens were acquired by Fife County Council with the mansion becoming a maternity hospital known as Craigtoun Hospital. The gardens were then established as Craigtoun Country Park.

In 1911 the burgh of St Andrews completed the construction of the Cameron reservoir, in the centre of the parish, which supplies water to St Andrews to the present day.[13]

References

  1. ^ a b Gazetteer of Scotland, publ, by W & AK Johnston, Edinburgh, 1937. Article on Cameron. Places are presented alphabetically
  2. ^ a b c d The New Statistical Account of Scotland by the Ministers of the Respective Parishes, Vol. IX Fife-Kinross. Publ. William Blackwood & Sons, Edinburgh, 1845; article on Cameron
  3. ^ Ordnance Gazetteer of Scotland, by Francis Groome, 2nd edition 1896; article on Cameron
  4. ^ Census of Scotland 2011, Table KS101SC – Usually Resident Population, publ. by National Records of Scotland. Web site http://www.scotlandscensus.gov.uk/ retrieved March 2016. See “Standard Outputs”, Table KS101SC, Area type: Civil Parish 1930
  5. ^ Cameron Community Council http://www.cameroncc.org.uk/ retrieved May 2016
  6. ^ Fife Community Council web site showing Cameron community council area www.fifedirect.org.uk/CommunityCouncils retrieved May 2016
  7. ^ Local Government (Scotland) Act 1929
  8. ^ Web site of Historic Environment Scotland (former Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland), Cameron Church canmore.org.uk/site/33012 retrieved Mat 2016
  9. ^ St Andrews Presbytery web site http://www.standrewspresbytery.org.uk/standrewschurches.cfm?ChurchID=18 retrieved May 2016
  10. ^ "Historic Scotland Data Website - Craigtoun". historic-scotland.gov.uk. 
  11. ^ "Dictionary of Scottish Architects - DSA Building/Design Report (May 2, 2015, 9:15 am)". scottisharchitects.org.uk. 
  12. ^ "- Person Page 61648". thepeerage.com. 
  13. ^ Control of Infectious Disease in Fife, by Stephen Patterson, 1989 (PhD Thesis) - St Andrews Research Repository https://research-repository.st-andrews.ac.uk/bitstream/10023/2753/4/StephenPattersonPhDThesisV1.pdf
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