Calvert railway station

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Calvert
Calvert Railway Station.jpg
Site of Calvert Station in 2008.
Location
Place Calvert
Area District of Aylesbury Vale
Grid reference SP689247
Operations
Original company Great Central Railway
Pre-grouping Great Central Railway
Post-grouping London and North Eastern Railway
London Midland Region of British Railways
Platforms 2
History
15 March 1899 Opened
4 March 1963 Closed to passengers[1]
4 May 1964 Closed to goods
Disused railway stations in the United Kingdom
Closed railway stations in Britain
A B C D–F G H–J K–L M–O P–R S T–V W–Z
170433 at Edinburgh Waverley.JPG UK Railways portal

Calvert was a railway station at Calvert, Buckinghamshire on the former Great Central Main Line between Manchester Piccadilly and London Marylebone. The station was opened in 1899 and closed to passengers in 1963 and goods in 1964. The line through it remains open for freight, including waste to a landfill site.

History

Calvert was the last station on the Great Central's London Extension before it reached the Metropolitan's station at Quainton Road 4.5 miles (7.2 km) away. The station and line between Brackley and Quainton Junction were constructed by Walter Scott and Company of Newcastle upon Tyne. Although the station was named Calvert, no such place existed at the time and the name was that of the local landowner, Sir Harry Verney, who had been born a Calvert but changed his name upon succeeding to the Verney Baronetcy.[2]

At the time, Calvert was a very rural settlement with the few houses making up the village being situated close to the station and nearby brickworks which was the largest employer in the area. In true Great Central style, the station had a single island platform located below a road overbridge from the centre of which a staircase led down to the platform; the centre piers of the bridge were left hollow to provide lamp rooms. The design was chosen as it would allow the track to be quadrupled if ever required.[3] About 2.5 miles (4.0 km) south of Calvert was Grendon Underwood Junction where "Calvert Cabin" signal box controlled the line as it split into two: one line branching out towards Princes Risborough, the other towards Amersham.[4]

A connecting spur, brought into use on 14 September 1940, linked Calvert with the Oxford to Bletchley line with the Great Central, allowing much of the freight which used the Verney Junction - Quainton Road section to be diverted over the Great Central.[5] Calvert was to remain open a further 23 years before closing to passengers on 4 March 1963, the same day as nearby Quainton Road. Fast passenger trains continued to pass through the station until 1966 when the Great Central Main Line was closed.

Routes

A 1911 Railway Clearing House map of railways in the vicinity of Calvert
Preceding station Disused railways Following station
Quainton Road
Line and station closed
  Great Central Railway
London Extension
  Finmere
Line and station closed
Akeman Street
Line and station closed
   

Present and future

The station platform remains in a dilapidated state, although the station buildings have long since been demolished. The stationmaster's house stands nearby.

Calvert waste transfer station

A single track of the former Great Central alignment through Quainton Road to Calvert remains open as far as the disused Varsity Line for occasional freight and DMU maintenance workings. The line is being kept open as it also serves the waste transfer station at Calvert Landfill Site operated by FCC Environment for the Department of the Environment. Five container trains each day use the site: four from Brentford (known as the "Calvert Binliner", and one from Bath and Bristol (known as the "Avon Binliner"). The containers, each of which contains 14 tons of waste, are unloaded at the transfer station onto lorries awaiting alongside which then transport the waste to the landfill site.[6] The site, dating from 1977 and now one of the largest in the country, stretches to 106 hectares and partly reuses the clay pits dug out by Calvert Brickworks which closed in 1991.[7]

The reopening of Calvert station has been mooted by Buckinghamshire County Council who are partners in the East West Rail Consortium which is seeking to re-connect Oxford, Bedford, Milton Keynes and Aylesbury by reinstating passenger services on disused or freight-only routes, including the Varsity Line and part of the Great Central.[8] This moved closer with the opening of Aylesbury Vale Parkway railway station on the London to Aylesbury Line in 2009.[9] In a separate move Calvert is on the alignment of the proposed High Speed 2 Rail Link announced on 11 March 2010 by Lord Adonis on behalf of the DfT. The line would provisionally pass through the site of the disused station.[10]

External links

  • Great Central Main Line photos, including a sign formerly at Calvert and 1900s / 2006 photos of the station house

References

  1. ^ Butt, R.V.J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations, Patrick Stephens Ltd, Sparkford, ISBN 1-85260-508-1, p. 51.
  2. ^ Dow, George (1962). Great Central: Volume 2 Dominion of Watkin 1864-1899. Shepperton, Surrey: Ian Allen Limited. pp. 322–323. 
  3. ^ Davies, R.; Grant, M.D. (1984). Forgotten Railways: Chilterns and Cotswolds. Newton Abbot, Devon: David St John Thomas. pp. 193–194. ISBN 0-946537-07-0. 
  4. ^ Healy, John M.C. (1987). Great Central Memories. London: Baton Transport. pp. 118–119. ISBN 978-0-85936-193-4. 
  5. ^ Davies, R and Grant M.D., op. cit. p. 89.
  6. ^ Calvert waste transfer station
  7. ^ Calvert Landfill Site
  8. ^ Aylesbury Vale Draft Strategy
  9. ^ "New station". Railfuture. 29 June 2008. 
  10. ^ DfT, "High Speed 2 Route Map 13", 11 March 2010.

Coordinates: 51°55′00″N 0°59′59″W / 51.91657°N 0.99965°W / 51.91657; -0.99965

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