Callington, Cornwall

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Callington
Callington 1.jpg
Fore Street, Callington's main street
Callington is located in Cornwall
Callington
Callington
Callington shown within Cornwall
Population 5,786 (Census 2011)
OS grid reference SX359696
Civil parish
  • Callington
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CALLINGTON
Postcode district PL17
Dialling code 01579
Police Devon and Cornwall
Fire Cornwall
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Cornwall
50°30′11″N 4°18′58″W / 50.503°N 4.316°W / 50.503; -4.316Coordinates: 50°30′11″N 4°18′58″W / 50.503°N 4.316°W / 50.503; -4.316

Callington (Cornish: Kelliwik[1]) is a civil parish and town in south-east Cornwall, England, United Kingdom about 7 miles (11 km) north of Saltash and 9 miles (14 km) south of Launceston.[2]

Callington parish had a population of 4,783 in 2001, according to the 2001 census. This had increased to 5,786 in the 2011 census.[3]

Geography

The town is situated in east Cornwall between Dartmoor to the east and Bodmin Moor to the west. A former agricultural market town, it lies at the intersection of the south-north A388 Saltash to Launceston road and the east-west A390 Tavistock to Liskeard road.

Kit Hill is a mile north-east of the town and rises to 333 metres (1,093 ft) with views of Dartmoor, Bodmin Moor and the River Tamar.

The hamlets of Bowling Green, Kelly Bray, Frogwell and Downgate are in the parish.[4]

Railway station

Callington railway station was the terminus of a branch line from Bere Alston, the junction with the Southern Railway's Tavistock to Plymouth line. The railway line beyond Gunnislake to the Callington terminus was closed in the 1960s, due to low usage and difficult operating conditions on the final sections of the line due to several severe gradients and speed restrictions. One can still travel by rail on the Tamar Valley Line from Plymouth as far as Gunnislake via Bere Alston, where trains reverse. For most of its journey the line follows the River Tamar. Gunnislake is the nearest railway station to Callington, although the nearest mainline station is at Saltash.

Economy

Food manufacturers Ginsters and The Cornwall Bakery (both wholly owned subsidiaries of Samworth Brothers) are the largest employers in the town.[citation needed]

Ginsters uses local produce in many of its products, buying potatoes and other vegetables from local farmers and suppliers.[5]

There is also a Tesco supermarket, opened in 2010, which employs 200 local people.[citation needed]

History and antiquities

St Mary's Church, viewed from the southeast
Tomb and effigy of Robert Willoughby, 1st Baron Willoughby de Broke (d. 1502), St Mary's Church, Callington, north wall of chancel

Callington has been postulated as one of the possible locations of the ancient site of Celliwig, associated with King Arthur.[6] Nearby ancient monuments include Castlewitch Henge with a diameter of 96m[7] and Cadsonbury Iron Age hillfort,[8][9][10] as well as Dupath Well built in 1510 on the site of an ancient sacred spring.

Callington was recorded in the Domesday Book (1086); the manor had four hides of land and land for thirty ploughs. The lord had land for three ploughs with eleven serfs. Twenty-four villeins and fourteen smallholders had land for fifteen ploughs. There were also one and a half square leagues of pasture and a small amount of woodland. The income of the manor was £6 sterling.[11][12]

In 1601 Robert Rolle (died 1633) purchased the manor of Callington, thereby gaining the pocket borough seat of Callington in Parliament,[13] which in future served to promote the careers of many Rolles. He nominated to this seat his brother William Rolle (died 1652) in 1604 and 1614, his son Sir Henry Rolle (1589–1656), of Shapwick, in 1620 and 1624, his son-in-law Thomas Wise (died March 1641) of Sydenham in Devon, in 1625, and another son John Rolle (1598–1648),

In the 19th-century, Callington was one of the most important mining areas in Great Britain.[citation needed] Deposits of silver were found nearby in Silver Valley. Today, the area is marked by mining remains, but there are no active mines. Granite is still quarried on Hingston Down.

The former Callington constituency, a rotten borough, elected two members to the unreformed House of Commons but was abolished by the Reform Act 1832. The town is now in the South East Cornwall constituency.

St Mary's Church was originally a chapel of ease to South Hill; it was consecrated in 1438 and then had two aisles and a buttressed tower; a second north aisle was added in 1882. Unusually for Cornwall there is a clerestory; the wagon roofs are old. The parish church contains the fine brass of Nicholas Assheton and his wife, 1466.[14][15]

In the churchyard there is a Gothic lantern cross. It was first mentioned by the historian William Borlase in 1752. Each of the four faces of the cross head features a carved figure beneath an ogee arch. The heads of these figures have been chiselled off, no doubt in the Commonwealth period.[16]

Governance

Callington is one of a small number of towns to continue to appoint a Portreeve; originally a medieval revenue officer and now an honorary title given to the chairman of the town council.[17] Callington Town Council has twelve members and covers the civil parish of Callington. At the Council elections in 2013 only ten candidates stood, eight Independents and two Mebyon Kernow Councillors.

Development

In recent years, the town has seen much residential development with more, including social housing, planned for the next few years.[citation needed] The neighbouring village of Kelly Bray has almost doubled in size in recent years with houses still being built in the area.

Twinning

Callington is twinned with Guipavas in Brittany, France, and Barsbüttel near Hamburg in Germany.[citation needed] It also has unofficial friendship links with Keila in Estonia and a suburb of Malaga, Spain.

Sport

Callington has both football and cricket teams. Callington Town Football Club (established 1989) has four adult teams playing in the South West Peninsula League, East Cornwall League, Duchy League and South West Regional Women's Football League. They all play at Marshfield Parc. Callington Cricket Club has three teams playing in the Cornwall Cricket League and play their games at Moores Park.

See also

References

  1. ^ "List of Place-names agreed by the MAGA Signage Panel" (PDF). Cornish Language Partnership. May 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 July 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
  2. ^ Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 201 Plymouth & Launceston ISBN 978-0-319-23146-3
  3. ^ 2011 Census for Callington ward
  4. ^ Cornwall; Explore Britain
  5. ^ "Ginsters' pasties 'Cornish through and through' thanks to Objective One". Objective One - Press Release. Retrieved 2009-05-27.
  6. ^ Pearce, Susan M. (1974), "The Cornish Elements in the Arthurian Tradition", Folklore, 85 (3): 147, JSTOR 1260070  – via JSTOR (subscription required)
  7. ^ The Megalithic Portal and Megalith Map. "Castlewitch Henge Henge : The Megalithic Portal and Megalith Map:". Megalithic.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-09-07.
  8. ^ "Flying Past - The Historic Environment of Cornwall: Power and Authority". Historic-cornwall.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-09-07.
  9. ^ The Megalithic Portal and Megalith Map. "Cadson Bury Hillfort : The Megalithic Portal and Megalith Map:". Megalithic.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-09-07.
  10. ^ "Domesday Reloaded: CADSON BURY". BBC. 1970-01-01. Retrieved 2012-09-07.
  11. ^ Thorn, C. et al. (1979) Cornwall. Chichester: Phillimore; entry 1,10
  12. ^ Open Domesday Online: Callington, accessed December 2017.
  13. ^ Hunneyball (2010)
  14. ^ Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall; 2nd ed. Penguin Books; pp. 48-49
  15. ^ Dunkin, E. (1882) Monumental Brasses. London, Spottiswoode; pp. 16-18, pl. XV
  16. ^ Langdon, A. G. (2005) Stone Crosses in East Cornwall; 2nd ed. Federation of Old Cornwall Societies; p. 26
  17. ^ "Portreeve". Callington Town Council. Retrieved 22 June 2017.

External links

  • Callington Town Council website
  • Online Catalogue for Callington at the Cornwall Record Office
  • Callington, Cornwall at Curlie (based on DMOZ)
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