California pocket mouse

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California pocket mouse
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Family: Heteromyidae
Genus: Chaetodipus
Species: C. californicus
Binomial name
Chaetodipus californicus
(Merriam, 1889)

The California pocket mouse (Chaetodipus californicus) is a species of rodent in the family Heteromyidae.

Distribution

Chaetodipus californicus is native to California in the Western United States and northern Baja California state in northwest Mexico.[1] It is found in habitats, such as California chaparral and woodlands, in Southern California throughout the Southern Sierra Nevada, Southern California Coast Ranges, and the Transverse Ranges; and in Southern California and northern Baja California in the Peninsular Ranges.[1]

Description

The dental formula of Chaetodipus californicus is 1.0.1.31.0.1.3 × 2 = 20 teeth in total.[2]

Its fur is brown on top and tan underneath with distinct white hairs, or spines, near the rump. The tail is dark on top, light underneath and tufted at the end. Females and males are about the same size, showing no sexual dimorphism. C. californicus is often mistaken for C. fallax (San Diego pocket mouse) which shares some of the same habitat but has smaller and rounder ears.[3] Its total tail length is 190–235 mm, tail length is 102–143 mm, and weight is 18-29 g.[4]

Diet

The California pocket mouse is mainly a granivore, feeding mainly on seeds. However, it also eats insects and leaves. Like all members of the Family Heteromyidae, C. californicus has external cheek pouches which it uses to store seeds.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Linzey, A.V.; Timm, R.; Álvarez-Castañeda, S.T.; Castro-Arellano, I. & Lacher, T. (2008). "Chaetodipus californicus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 17 January 2009. 
  2. ^ "Heteromyidae (kangaroo rats, pocket mice, and relatives)". Animal Diversity Web. Retrieved 2017-11-20. 
  3. ^ "Chaetodipus californicus (California pocket mouse)". Animal Diversity Web. Retrieved 2017-12-04. 
  4. ^ 1971-, Kays, Roland, (2009). Mammals of North America. Wilson, Don E. (2nd ed.). Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 1400833507. OCLC 682621316. 
  • Patton, J. L. 2005. Family Heteromyidae; pp. 844–858 in "Mammal Species of the World, a Taxonomic and Geographic Reference"; D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder eds.; Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.

External links

  • The IUCN Red List: Chaetodipus californicus (California Pocket Mouse)


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