California Dreamin'

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"California Dreamin'"
Disco de vinilo - California dreamin'.jpg
Single by The Mamas & the Papas
from the album If You Can Believe Your Eyes and Ears
B-side "Somebody Groovy"
Released December 8, 1965
Format Vinyl record (7") 45 RPM
Recorded November 4, 1965, Western Recorders, Hollywood
Genre
Length 2:38
Label Dunhill Records
Songwriter(s) John Phillips, Michelle Phillips
Producer(s) Lou Adler
The Mamas & the Papas singles chronology
"Go Where You Wanna Go"
(1965)
"California Dreamin'"
(1965)
"Monday, Monday"
(1966)

"Go Where You Wanna Go"
(1965)
"California Dreamin'"
(1965)
"Monday, Monday"
(1966)
Music video
"California Dreamin'" on YouTube

"California Dreamin'" is a song written by John Phillips and Michelle Phillips and was first recorded by Barry McGuire.[3] However, the best-known version is by the Mamas & the Papas, who sang backup on the original version and released it as a single in 1965. The song is No. 89 in Rolling Stone's list of the 500 Greatest Songs of All Time.[4] The lyrics of the song express the narrator's longing for the warmth of Los Angeles during a cold winter in New York City.

The song became a signpost of the California Myth[5] and the arrival of the nascent counterculture era.[6][7]

"California Dreamin'" was certified as a Gold Record (single) by the Recording Industry Association of America in June 1966[8] and was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame in 2001.[9]

History

The song was written in 1963 while John Phillips and Michelle Phillips were living in New York City.[10] He dreamed about the song and woke her up to help him write it.[11][12] At the time, John and Michelle Phillips were members of the folk group the New Journeymen, which evolved into the Mamas & the Papas.

They earned their first record contract after being introduced to Lou Adler, the head of Dunhill Records, by Barry McGuire. In thanks to Adler, they sang the backing vocals to "California Dreamin'" with members of the session band The Wrecking Crew[13] on McGuire's album This Precious Time. The Mamas & the Papas then recorded their own version using the same instrumental and backing vocal tracks to which they added new vocals[14] and an alto flute solo by Bud Shank, which was thought to be the inspiration for the main theme of Andrew Lloyd Webber's tune for "Memory".[citation needed] P. F. Sloan performed the guitar introduction.[15] McGuire's original vocal can be briefly heard on the left channel at the beginning of the record, having not been completely erased.[16]

The single was released in late 1965 but was not an immediate breakthrough. After gaining little attention in Los Angeles upon its release, Michelle Phillips remembers that it took a radio station in Boston to break the song nationwide.[17] After making its chart debut in January 1966,[18] the song peaked at number 4 in March on both the Billboard Hot 100, lasting 17 weeks, and Cashbox, lasting 20 weeks.[19] "California Dreamin'" was the number 1 single of 1966 in Billboard[20] and tied for number 1 with "Ballad of the Green Berets" in Cashbox. "California Dreamin'" also reached number 23 on the UK charts upon its original release and re-charted after its use in a Carling Premier commercial in 1997, peaking at number 9 there.[21]

Cover versions

America version

"California Dreamin'"
Single by America
from the album
California Dreaming soundtrack
B-side "See It My Way" (by F.D.R.)
Released March 1979
Format Vinyl
Recorded Studio 55 (Hollywood) 1978
Genre soft rock
Length 2:44
Label American International
Songwriter(s) John Phillips, Michelle Phillips
Producer(s) Dewey Bunnell, Gerry Beckley
America singles chronology
"Don't Cry Baby"
(1977)
"California Dreamin'"
(1979)
"Only Game in Town"
(1979)

"Don't Cry Baby"
(1977)
"California Dreamin"
(1979)
"Only Game in Town"
(1979)

In the spring of 1979 the band America reached No. 56 on the Billboard Hot 100 with their remake of "California Dreamin'" which was the first studio recording by America as the duo of Gerry Beckley and Dewey Bunnell without third founding member Dan Peek who had departed the group in 1977. Bunnell – who sang lead – and Beckley – who sang background – self-produced the track which featured America's touring musicians: David Dickey, drummer Willie Leacox, guitarist Michael Woods, percussionist Tom Walsh, and Jim Calire who played keyboards and also saxophone.[22][23]

America had performed "California Dreamin'" at least on occasion in concert as early as 1974, [24] "California Dreamin'" being a sentimental favorite of the band's members having been a setlist staple of the cover band in which all three had performed while London Central High School students in the late 1960s.[25][26][27][28] The recording of "California Dreamin'" by America was specifically made for the soundtrack of the American International Pictures (AIP) movie release California Dreaming which had been shot in the final months of 1977:[29] Beckley and Bunnell agreed to record the song after being (at least partially) shown the movie – (Gerry Beckley quote:) "We liked what we saw"[23] – and the track was recorded in the 1978 sessions for the movie's soundtrack at Studio 55 (Hollywood): (Gerry Beckley quote:)"We did it more as a rock thing [compared to the original], [with] a full sound but reliant on the harmonies."[23]

Although the movie California Dreaming had a projected summer 1978 release date,[29] the release of the film – which featured America's "California Dreamin'" under its closing credits[30] – would be postponed until 16 March 1979: factoring into the movie's release was the agreement made by AIP in February 1978 for the California Dreaming soundtrack to be distributed by Casablanca Records which company had recently managed to bolster the modest success of the film Thank God It's Friday through a hit soundtrack album[31][32] and the recording of "California Dreamin'" by America was given parallel release with the movie, another soundtrack item: "See It My Way" by session group F.D.R., serving as B-side. Both the America single and (in April 1978) the soundtrack album were issued by AIP on its own label (distributed by Casablanca): outside the US and Canada, Casablanca acted as label of release.

By the spring of 1979 America were involved in sessions for their Capitol Records debut album Silent Letter[33] and were either unable or uninterested in promoting their version of "California Dreamin'" which single proved unable to buoy its parent film's faltering box office take. However the publicity inherent in the film's release was evidently enough to afford minor hit status to America's soundtrack item (heard in the film's trailer, America's "California Dreamin'" was also cited in the movie's poster), and despite its lowly chart peak America's "California Dreamin'" remake would be more successful than any of their first five Capitol single releases none of which ranked in the Hot 100 (the band's sixth Capitol single release: "You Can Do Magic", would in 1982 afford the band a sole latterday Top Ten hit).[34][35]

"California Dreamin'" continued to be featured in America's live gigs eventually being established as a mandatory America concert title.[36] A live performance of the song by America is featured on In Concert the band's 1996 album release of a 1982 live gig.[37] The band's 1978 recording has been included on the 2000 America retrospective box set Highway: 30 Years Of America[38] also being featured in 2001 onThe Complete Greatest Hits.[39]

Beach Boys version

"California Dreamin'"
California Dreamin' Beach Boys.jpg
Single by The Beach Boys
from the album Made in U.S.A.
B-side "Lady Liberty"
Released 1986
Format Vinyl
Recorded May 1986
Genre Rock
Length 3:10
Label Capitol
Songwriter(s) John Phillips, Michelle Phillips
Producer(s) Terry Melcher
The Beach Boys singles chronology
"Rock 'n' Roll to the Rescue"
(1986)
"California Dreamin'"
(1986)
"Happy Endings"
(1987)

"Rock 'n' Roll to the Rescue"
(1986)
"California Dreamin"
(1986)
"Happy Endings"
(1987)
(With Little Richard)
---
"Kokomo"
(1988)

Background

The Beach Boys recorded a second version of "California Dreamin'" in 1986 for their greatest hits compilation Made in U.S.A.. It was produced by Terry Melcher and featured Roger McGuinn from The Byrds on 12-string guitar. Denny Doherty was on the East coast and declined; Cass Elliot had died in 1974. This version of the song was referenced in the lyrics of the Dead Milkmen's 1988 novelty hit "Punk Rock Girl".

Although the song only charted at a modest number 57 on the Billboard Hot 100, it reached No. 8 on the Billboard Adult Contemporary.[40] and it was supported by a music video that saw heavy rotation on MTV. The video featured the Beach Boys along with John Phillips, Michelle Phillips and Roger McGuinn.

Personnel

Freischwimmer version

A tropical house version by German DJ/remixer Freischwimmer was released in 2015. This version reached number one on the Billboard Dance Club Songs chart in its February 13, 2016 issue.[41][42] "Dreamin" had never before hit No. 1 on any ranking, making this version the first in its nearly 50-year history to reach the top spot on a Billboard chart.[43]

Other versions

Bobby Womack recorded a version of the song for his debut album Fly Me to the Moon in 1968. Released as a single, it reached number 43 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart and number 20 on the Billboard Rhythn & Blues Singles chart.

In 1978, a disco version proved popular in European clubs for the Italian project Colorado, reaching 45 on the British charts,[44][45] and house cover versions have been released by DJ Sammy and Royal Gigolos.

The Liverpool folk quartet River City People recorded a version of "California Dreamin'" as a double A-sided single with "Carry the Blame" in 1990, reaching number 13 on the official UK top 40 singles chart, with the single also charting in Ireland (number 16).

Sia recorded the song for the disaster film San Andreas. The song came out in May 2015 and was featured in the movie's trailers. The song reached the top 20 in Lebanon, peaking at No. 14 and becoming a big airplay gainer there, position no. 92 on the UK Singles Chart, No. 44 on the Scottish Singles Chart,[46] No. 87 on the chart SNEP Singles Chart.[47]

See also

References

  1. ^ Encyclopaedia Universalis (October 27, 2015). Dictionnaire des Musiciens: (Les Dictionnaires d'Universalis). Encyclopaedia Universalis. p. 3635. ISBN 978-2-85229-140-9. 
  2. ^ Fontenot, Robert (October 29, 2015). "What is Folk-Rock Music?". ThoughtCo. About.com. Retrieved March 12, 2017. 
  3. ^ Southern California Public Radio. "Take Two". Southern California Public Radio. 
  4. ^ "The RS 500 Greatest Songs of All Time". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on April 16, 2007. Retrieved April 6, 2012. 
  5. ^ Bisbort, Alan; Puterbaugh, Parke (2009). California Beaches: The Best Places to Swim, Play, Eat, and Stay. Avalon Travel. p. 172. ISBN 978-1-56691-614-1. 
  6. ^ "Eagles, Fleetwood Mac Selected for Hall of Fame | Music News". Rolling Stone. 1997-10-28. Retrieved 2014-02-03. 
  7. ^ Susan Stamberg (2002-07-08). "'California Dreamin,' Present at the Creation (Archived Radio Program)". NPR.org. NPR. Retrieved 2014-04-29. 
  8. ^ "California Dreamin'". RIAA.com. The Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 2014-07-11. The RIAA Database may require user input 
  9. ^ "California Dreamin'". grammy.org. The Recording Academy. Retrieved 2014-07-11. CALIFORNIA DREAMIN' The Mamas And The Papas Dunhill (1966) (Single) Inducted 2001 
  10. ^ 1995 Interview (5) - "California Dreaming" - Scott McKenzie
  11. ^ "TRIBUT Presents: Monday Night Blues". Monday Night Blues. 
  12. ^ "California Dreamin' by The Mamas & the Papas Songfacts". 
  13. ^ Hartman, Kent (2012). The Wrecking Crew. St. Martin's Griffin. pp. 261–263. ISBN 978-1-250-03046-7. 
  14. ^ "Show 33 - Revolt of the Fat Angel: American musicians respond to the British invaders. [Part 1]". The University of North Texas Digital Library. Retrieved April 6, 2012. 
  15. ^ Dan Daily (July 1, 2004). "Classic Tracks: The Mamas & The Papas' "California Dreamin'"". Mix Magazine. Archived from the original on February 4, 2012. Retrieved April 6, 2012. 
  16. ^ Rock Family Trees, BBC, interview with McGuire, 1999. McGuire's original harmonica solo can also just be made out under the flute solo.
  17. ^ "California Dreamin'". npr.org. July 8, 2002. Archived from the original on February 18, 2011. Retrieved April 6, 2012. 
  18. ^ Steve Sullivan (4 October 2013). Encyclopedia of Great Popular Song Recordings. Scarecrow Press. pp. 483–. ISBN 978-0-8108-8296-6. 
  19. ^ Bronson, Fred (1988). The Billboard Book of Number One Hits (Paperback ed.). New York: Billboard Publications, Inc. p. 195. ISBN 0-8230-7545-1. 
  20. ^ "Top Records of 1966" Billboard December 24, 1966: 34
  21. ^ Pringle, Hamish (2004). Celebrity Sells. Chichester UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd. p. 36. ISBN 0-470-86850-3. 
  22. ^ http://labibledelawestcoast.blogspot.ca/2016/11/
  23. ^ a b c http://www.accessbackstage.com/america/song/song157.htm
  24. ^ https://www.setlist.fm/stats/songs/the-mamas-and-the-papas-bd6053e.html?song=California+Dreamin%27
  25. ^ Peak, Dan (2004). An American Band: the America Story. Xulon Press. ISBN 1-594679-29-0. 
  26. ^ http://www.theslateonline.com/article/2018/02/eeoz41m20k5nn0i
  27. ^ http://citizensvoice.com/news/america-brings-sounds-of-summer-to-casino-show-1.1725657
  28. ^ http://ucaecho.net/news/america-performs-hit-a-horse-with-no-name/
  29. ^ a b http://catalog.afi.com/Catalog/MovieDetails/56231
  30. ^ http://hornsection.blogspot.ca/2011/08/film-review-california-dreaming-1979.html
  31. ^ Billboard Vol 91 #9 (3 Mar 1979) "Soundtrack lp for Casablanca" p. 19
  32. ^ Harris, Larry (2009). And Party Every Day: the inside story of Casablanca Records. Milwaukee WI: Backbeat Books. ISBN 9781617133831. 
  33. ^ http://www.accessbackstage.com/america/hist04.htm
  34. ^ http://www.musicvf.com/America.art
  35. ^ http://www.45cat.com/artist/america
  36. ^ http://www.conncerts.com/americareview.html
  37. ^ https://www.allmusic.com/album/king-biscuit-flower-hour-mw0000178321
  38. ^ https://www.allmusic.com/album/highway-30-years-of-america-mw0000086640
  39. ^ https://www.allmusic.com/artist/america-mn0000019297
  40. ^ "AllMusic 'Made in U.S.A' awards". AllMusic. 
  41. ^ "Billboard Dance Club Songs (February 13, 2016)"
  42. ^ Chart history for Freischwimmer from Billboard
  43. ^ "'California Dreamin' Hits No. 1 After 50 Years, Thanks to Dance Remix" from Billboard (February 4, 2016)
  44. ^ "Colorado (2): California Dreaming/Space Lady Love". Discogs. Retrieved September 8, 2012. 
  45. ^ "Colorado". The Official Charts Company. Retrieved September 8, 2012. 
  46. ^ "Sia | The Official Charts Company". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 24 May 2015. 
  47. ^ "Lescharts.com – Sia – California Dreamin'". Les classement single (in French). Retrieved 25 May 2015. 

External links

  • California Dreamin' at Myspace (streamed copy where licensed)
  • NPR's "Present at the Creation" segment on the origins of the song
  • Technical article describing how California Dreamin' was originally mixed
  • Facts and discussion about the song
  • Review Of California Dreaming
  • Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
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