California's 12th congressional district

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California's 12th congressional district
California US Congressional District 12 (since 2013).tif
California's 12th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative Nancy Pelosi (DSan Francisco)
Distribution
  • 100.0% urban
  • 0.0% rural
Median income 48,523[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVI D+37[3]

California's 12th congressional district is a congressional district in the U.S. state of California.

House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi, a Democrat, has represented the district since January 2013.

Currently, the 12th district is entirely within the city of San Francisco.[4]

Prior to redistricting by the California Citizens Redistricting Commission of 2011, the 12th district consisted of portions of both San Mateo County and San Francisco.

History

When the 12th Congressional District was created after the 1930 Census, it was located in Los Angeles County. As California's population grew, however, the district generally shrank in area and progressed northward, eventually reaching the San Francisco peninsula (California political districts are generally numbered from north to south[5]).

Richard Nixon, the 37th President of the United States, represented this district from 1947-1951. Nancy Pelosi, the 52nd Speaker of the House, is the current representative of this district.

Recent election results from statewide races

Year Office Results
1992 U.S. President Clinton 58 - 27%
U.S. Senator Boxer 62 - 31%
U.S. Senator Feinstein 70 - 26%
1994 Governor Brown 53 - 44%
U.S. Senator Feinstein 67 - 27%
1996 U.S. President Clinton 70 - 21%
1998 Governor Davis
U.S. Senator Boxer
2000 U.S. President[6] Gore 67 - 27%
U.S. Senator[7] Feinstein 68 - 25%
2002 Governor[8] Davis 60 - 27%
2003 Governor's Recall[9][10] No 66 - 34%
Bustamante 47 - 32%
2004 U.S. President[11] Kerry 72 - 27%
U.S. Senator[12] Boxer 73 - 24%
2006 Governor[13] Angelides 51 - 44%
U.S. Senator[14] Feinstein 77 - 18%
2008 U.S. President[15] Obama 74 - 24%
2010 Governor Brown 68 - 29%
U.S. Senator Boxer 68 - 28%
2012 U.S. President[16] Obama 84 - 13%
2016 U.S. President[17] Clinton 86 - 9%
U.S. Senator[18] Harris 78 - 22%

List of representatives

Representative Party Dates Notes Counties[19][20][21]
District created March 4, 1933
John H. Hoeppel (California Congressman).jpg John H. Hoeppel Democratic March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1937
Lost re-nomination Eastern Los Angeles
Jerry Voorhis (portrait)rev.jpg Jerry Voorhis Democratic January 3, 1937 –
January 3, 1947
Lost re-election
Nixon while in US Congress.jpg Richard Nixon Republican January 3, 1947 –
November 30, 1950
Elected to the Senate
Vacant November 30, 1950 –
January 3, 1951
PatrickJHillings.jpg Patrick J. Hillings Republican January 3, 1951 –
January 3, 1953
Redistricted to the 25th district
Allan O. Hunter (California Congressman).jpg Allan O. Hunter Republican January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1955
Redistricted from the 9th district

Lost re-election
Fresno, Madera, Merced
BFSisk.png Bernice F. Sisk Democratic January 3, 1955 –
January 3, 1963
Redistricted to the 16th district
Burt L. Talcott.jpg Burt L. Talcott Republican January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1967
Monterey, San Benito, San Luis Obispo, Santa Cruz
January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1973
Kings, Monterey, San Luis Obispo, Santa Cruz
January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1975
Redistricted to the 16th district Monterey, San Benito, northwestern San Luis Obispo, southern Santa Clara, Santa Cruz
Pete McCloskey.jpg Pete McCloskey Republican January 3, 1975 –
January 3, 1983
Redistricted from the 17th district

Retired to run for US Senate
Southern San Mateo, northern Santa Clara
Rep. Ed Zschau.jpg Ed Zschau Republican January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1987
Retired to run for US Senate Southern San Mateo, Santa Clara, northern Santa Cruz
Ernie Leslie Konnyu.JPG Ernie Konnyu Republican January 3, 1987 –
January 3, 1989
Lost re-nomination
Tom Campbell 106th Congress.jpg Tom Campbell Republican January 3, 1989 –
January 3, 1993
Retired to run for US Senate
Tom Lantos.jpg Tom Lantos Democratic January 3, 1993 –
February 11, 2008
Redistricted from the 11th district

Died
Southwestern San Francisco, northern San Mateo
Southwestern San Francisco, northern San Mateo
Ca12 109.png
Vacant February 11, 2008 –
April 8, 2008
Jackie Speier official photo (cropped).jpg Jackie Speier Democratic April 8, 2008 –
January 3, 2013
Redistricted to the 14th district
Nancy Pelosi 113th Congress 2013.jpg Nancy Pelosi Democratic January 3, 2013 –
present
Redistricted from the 8th district most of San Francisco

Election results

1932193419361938194019421944194619481950195219541956195819601962196419661968197019721974197619781980198219841986198819901992199419961998200020022004200620082010201220142016

1932

United States House of Representatives elections, 1932[22]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John H. Hoeppel 43,122 45.8
Republican Frederick F. Houser 40,674 43.2
Prohibition Richard M. Cannon 10,308 11.0
Total votes 94,104 100.0
Voter turnout  %
Democratic win (new seat)

1934

United States House of Representatives elections, 1934[23]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John H. Hoeppel (incumbent) 52,595 50.7
Republican Frederick F. Houser 51,216 49.3
Total votes 103,811 100.0
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1936

United States House of Representatives elections, 1936[24]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jerry Voorhis 62,034 53.7
Republican Frederick F. Houser 53,445 46.3
Total votes 115,479 100.0
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1938

United States House of Representatives elections, 1938[25]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jerry Voorhis (incumbent) 75,003 60.8
Republican Eugene W. Nixon 40,457 32.8
Townsend Russell R. Hand 7,903 6.4
Total votes 123,363 100.0
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1940

United States House of Representatives elections, 1940[26]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jerry Voorhis (incumbent) 99,494 64.0
Republican Eugene W. Nixon 54,731 35.2
Communist Albert Lewis 1,152 0.8
Total votes 155,377 100.0
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1942

United States House of Representatives elections, 1942[27]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jerry Voorhis (incumbent) 53,705 56.8
Republican Robert P. Shuler 40,780 43.2
Total votes 94,485 100.0
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1944

United States House of Representatives elections, 1944[28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jerry Voorhis (incumbent) 77,385 55.3
Republican Roy P. McLaughlin 62,524 44.7
Total votes 139,909 100.0
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1946

United States House of Representatives elections, 1946[29]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Richard Nixon 65,586 56.0
Democratic Jerry Voorhis (incumbent) 49,994 42.7
Prohibition John Henry Hoeppel 1,476 1.3
Total votes 117,056 100.0
Voter turnout  %
Republican gain from Democratic

1948

United States House of Representatives elections, 1948[30]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Richard Nixon (incumbent) 141,509 87.8
Progressive Una W. Rice 19,631 12.2
Total votes 161,140 100.0
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

1950

United States House of Representatives elections, 1950[31]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Patrick J. Hillings 107,933 60.1
Democratic Steve Zetterberg 71,682 39.9
Total votes 179,615 100.0
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

1952

United States House of Representatives elections, 1952[32]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Allan O. Hunter (incumbent) 103,587 100.0
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

1954

United States House of Representatives elections, 1954[33]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Bernice F. Sisk 63,911 53.8
Republican Allan O. Hunter (incumbent) 54,903 46.2
Total votes 118,814 100.0
Voter turnout  %
Democratic gain from Republican

1956

United States House of Representatives elections, 1956[34]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Bernice F. Sisk (incumbent) 109,920 73
Republican Robert B. Moore 40,663 27
Total votes 150,583 100
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1958

United States House of Representatives elections, 1958[35]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Bernice F. Sisk (incumbent) 112,702 81.1
Republican Daniel K. Halpin 26,228 18.9
Total votes 138,930 100
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1960

United States House of Representatives elections, 1960[36]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Bernice F. Sisk (incumbent) 141,974 100.0
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1962

United States House of Representatives elections, 1962[37]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Burt L. Talcott (incumbent) 75,424 61.3
Democratic William K. Steward 47,576 38.7
Total votes 123,000 100.0
Voter turnout  %
Republican win (new seat)

1964

United States House of Representatives elections, 1964[38]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Burt L. Talcott (incumbent) 93,112 61.9
Democratic William K. Steward 57,242 38.1
Total votes 150,354 100.0
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

1966

United States House of Representatives elections, 1966[39]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Burt L. Talcott (incumbent) 108,070 77.3
Democratic Gerald V. Barron 31,787 22.7
Total votes 139,857 100.0
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

1968

United States House of Representatives elections, 1968[40]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Burt L. Talcott (incumbent) 140,713 94.9
American Independent Ann J. Holliday 7,593 5.1
Total votes 148,308 100.0
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

1970

United States House of Representatives elections, 1970[41]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Burt L. Talcott (incumbent) 95,549 63.6
Democratic O'Brien Riordan 50,942 33.9
Peace and Freedom Herbert H. Foster, Jr. 3,682 2.5
Total votes 150,173 100.0
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

1972

United States House of Representatives elections, 1972[42]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Burt L. Talcott (incumbent) 105,555 54.0
Democratic Julian Camacho 84,268 43.1
American Independent Stanley K. Monteith 5,753 2.9
Total votes 195,576 100.0
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

1974

United States House of Representatives elections, 1974[43]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Pete McCloskey (incumbent) 103,228 69.1
Democratic Gary G. Gillmor 46,197 30.9
Total votes 149,425 100.0
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

1976

United States House of Representatives elections, 1976[44]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Pete McCloskey (incumbent) 130,332 66.2
Democratic David T. Harris 61,526 31.3
American Independent Joseph David "Joss" Cooney 4,999 2.5
Total votes 196,857 100.0
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

1978

United States House of Representatives elections, 1978[45]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Pete McCloskey (incumbent) 116,982 73.1
Democratic Kirsten Olsen 34,472 21.5
American Independent Harold R. Boylan 5,609 3.5
Peace and Freedom Adele Fumino 3,022 1.9
Total votes 160,085 100.0
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

1980

United States House of Representatives elections, 1980[46]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Pete McCloskey (incumbent) 143,817 72.2
Democratic Kirsten Olsen 37,009 18.6
Libertarian Bill Evers 15,073 7.6
Peace and Freedom Adele Fumino 3,184 1.6
Total votes 199,083 100.0
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

1982

United States House of Representatives elections, 1982[47]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ed Zschau 115,365 63.0
Democratic Emmett Lynch 61,372 33.5
Libertarian William C. "Bill" White 6,471 3.5
Total votes 183,208 100.0
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

1984

United States House of Representatives elections, 1984[48]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ed Zschau (incumbent) 155,795 61.7
Democratic Martin Carnoy 91,026 36.0
Libertarian William C. "Bill" White 5,872 2.3
Total votes 252,963 100.0
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

1986

United States House of Representatives elections, 1986[49]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ernie Konnyu 111,252 59.5
Democratic Lance T. Weil 69,564 37.2
Libertarian William C. "Bill" White 6,227 3.3
Total votes 187,043 100.0
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

1988

United States House of Representatives elections, 1988[50]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tom Campbell 136,384 51.7
Democratic Anna Eshoo 121,523 46.0
Libertarian Tom Grey 6,023 2.3
Total votes 263,930 100.0
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

1990

United States House of Representatives elections, 1990[51]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tom Campbell (incumbent) 125,157 60.8
Democratic Bob Palmer 69,270 33.7
Libertarian Chuck Olson 11,271 5.5
Total votes 205,698 100.0
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

1992

United States House of Representatives elections, 1992[52]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Tom Lantos (incumbent) 157,205 68.8
Republican Jim R. Tomlin 53,278 23.3
Peace and Freedom Mary Weldon 10,142 4.4
Libertarian George L. O'Brien 7,782 3.4
Total votes 228,407 100.0
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1994

United States House of Representatives elections, 1994[53]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Tom Lantos (incumbent) 118,408 67.42
Republican Deborah Wilder 57,228 32.58
Total votes 175,636 100.0
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1996

United States House of Representatives elections, 1996[54]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Tom Lantos (incumbent) 149,052 71.7
Republican Storm Jenkins 49,278 23.8
Libertarian Christopher Schmidt 6,111 2.9
Natural Law Richard Bong 3,472 1.6
Total votes 207,913 100.0
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

1998

United States House of Representatives elections, 1998[55]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Tom Lantos (incumbent) 128,135 73.98
Republican Robert H. Evans, Jr. 36,562 21.11
Libertarian Michael J. Moloney 8,515 4.92
Total votes 173,212 100.0
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

2000

United States House of Representatives elections, 2000[56]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Tom Lantos (incumbent) 158,404 74.6
Republican Mike Garza 44,162 20.8
Libertarian Barbara J. Less 6,431 3.0
Natural Law Rifkin Young 3,559 1.6
Total votes 212,556 100.0
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

2002

United States House of Representatives elections, 2002[57]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Tom Lantos (incumbent) 105,597 68.1
Republican Michael J. Moloney 38,381 24.8
Libertarian Maad Abu-Ghazalah 11,006 7.1
Total votes 185,216 100.0
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

2004

United States House of Representatives elections, 2004[58]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Tom Lantos (incumbent) 171,852 68.1
Republican Mike Garza 52,593 20.8
Green Pat Green 23,038 9.1
Libertarian Harland Harrison 5,116 2.0
Total votes 252,599 100.0
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

2006

United States House of Representatives elections, 2006[59]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Tom Lantos (incumbent) 138,650 76.1
Republican Mike Moloney 43,674 23.9
Total votes 182,324 100.0
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

2008 (Special)

2008 special election[60]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jackie Speier 66,279 76.90
Republican Greg Conlon 7,990 9.27
Democratic Michelle McMurry 4,546 5.27
Republican Mike Moloney 4,517 5.24
Green Barry Hermanson 1,947 2.26
Libertarian Kevin Peterson (write-in) 2 0.00
Invalid or blank votes 903 1.05
Total votes 86,184 100.00
Voter turnout 25.69%
Democratic hold

2008

United States House of Representatives elections, 2008[61]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jackie Speier (incumbent) 200,442 75.2
Republican Greg Conlon 49,258 18.5
Peace and Freedom Nathalie Hrizi 5,793 2.2
Green Barry Hermanson 5,776 2.1
Libertarian Kevin Dempsey Peterson 5,584 2.0
Total votes 266,853 100
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

2010

United States House of Representatives elections, 2010[62]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jackie Speier (incumbent) 152,044 75.6
Republican Mike Moloney 44,475 22.2
Libertarian Mark Paul Williams 4,611 2.2
Independent Joseph Michael Harding (write-in) 32 0.0
Total votes 201,162 100
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

2012

United States House of Representatives elections, 2012[63]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Nancy Pelosi (incumbent) 253,709 85.1
Republican John Dennis 44,478 14.9
Total votes 298,187 100.0
Democratic hold

2014

United States House of Representatives elections, 2014[64]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Nancy Pelosi (incumbent) 160,067 83.3
Republican John Dennis 32,197 16.7
Total votes 192,264 100.0
Democratic hold

2016

United States House of Representatives elections, 2016
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Nancy Pelosi (incumbent) 274,035 80.9
No party preference Preston Picus 64,810 19.1
Total votes 338,845 100%
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

Living former Members

As of April 2015, there are five living former members of the House of Representatives from this district. The most recent representative to die was Tom Lantos (1993-2008), who died in office on February 11, 2008.

Representative Term in office Date of birth (and age)
Pete McCloskey 1975 - 1983 (1927-09-29) September 29, 1927 (age 90)
Ed Zschau 1983 - 1987 (1940-01-06) January 6, 1940 (age 77)
Ernie Konnyu 1987 - 1989 (1937-05-17) May 17, 1937 (age 80)
Tom Campbell 1989 - 1993 (1952-08-14) August 14, 1952 (age 65)
Jackie Speier 2008 - 2013 (1950-05-14) May 14, 1950 (age 67)

See also

References

  1. ^ "Associated Press News". bigstory.ap.org. 
  2. ^ "California election results - 2012 election". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 24, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017. 
  4. ^ "Maps: Final Congressional Districts". Citizens Redistricting Commission. Retrieved February 24, 2013. 
  5. ^ California Constitution, Article 21, Section 1(c) (congressional districts), Section 2(f) (state government districts).
  6. ^ "Statement of Vote (2000 President)" (PDF). 
  7. ^ "Statement of Vote (2000 Senator)" (PDF). 
  8. ^ "Statement of Vote (2002 Governor)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-11-11. 
  9. ^ "Statement of Vote (2003 Recall Question)" (PDF). 
  10. ^ "Statement of Vote (2003 Governor)" (PDF). 
  11. ^ "Statement of Vote (2004 President)" (PDF). 
  12. ^ "Statement of Vote (2004 Senator)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-08-10. 
  13. ^ "Statement of Vote (2006 Governor)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-08-10. 
  14. ^ "Statement of Vote (2006 Senator)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-08-10. 
  15. ^ "(2008 President)". 
  16. ^ "Daily Kos Elections' presidential results by congressional district for the 2016 and 2012 elections". 
  17. ^ [1]
  18. ^ [2]
  19. ^ Martis, Kenneth C., The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts, 1789-1983. New York: Macmillan Publishing, 1982.
  20. ^ Martis, Kenneth C., The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress, 1789-1989. New York: Macmillan Publishing, 1989.
  21. ^ "Congressional Directory: Browse 105th Congress". Archived from the original on 2011-02-17. 
  22. ^ "1932 election results" (PDF). 
  23. ^ "1934 election results" (PDF). 
  24. ^ "1936 election results" (PDF). 
  25. ^ "1938 election results" (PDF). 
  26. ^ "1940 election results" (PDF). 
  27. ^ "1942 election results" (PDF). 
  28. ^ "1944 election results" (PDF). 
  29. ^ "1946 election results" (PDF). 
  30. ^ "1948 election results" (PDF). 
  31. ^ "1950 election results" (PDF). 
  32. ^ "1952 election results" (PDF). 
  33. ^ "1954 election results" (PDF). 
  34. ^ "1956 election results" (PDF). 
  35. ^ "1958 election results" (PDF). 
  36. ^ "1960 election results" (PDF). 
  37. ^ "1962 election results" (PDF). 
  38. ^ "1964 election results" (PDF). 
  39. ^ "1966 election results" (PDF). 
  40. ^ "1968 election results" (PDF). 
  41. ^ "1970 election results" (PDF). 
  42. ^ "1972 election results" (PDF). 
  43. ^ "1974 election results" (PDF). 
  44. ^ "1976 election results" (PDF). 
  45. ^ "1978 election results" (PDF). 
  46. ^ "1980 election results" (PDF). 
  47. ^ "1982 election results" (PDF). 
  48. ^ "1984 election results" (PDF). 
  49. ^ "1986 election results" (PDF). 
  50. ^ "1988 election results" (PDF). 
  51. ^ "1990 election results" (PDF). 
  52. ^ "1992 election results" (PDF). 
  53. ^ "1994 election results" (PDF). 
  54. ^ "1996 election results" (PDF). 
  55. ^ "1998 election results" (PDF). 
  56. ^ "2000 election results" (PDF). 
  57. ^ 2002 general election results Archived February 3, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  58. ^ "2004 general election results" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-08-21. 
  59. ^ 2006 general election results Archived November 27, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  60. ^ "2008 special election results" (PDF). 
  61. ^ 2008 general election results Archived December 21, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  62. ^ "2010 general election results" (PDF). 
  63. ^ 2012 general election results Archived October 19, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
  64. ^ "2014 general election results". 

External links

  • GovTrack.us: California's 12th congressional district
  • RAND California Election Returns: District Definitions (out of date)
  • California Voter Foundation map - CD12 (out of date)

Coordinates: 37°46′N 122°25′W / 37.77°N 122.42°W / 37.77; -122.42

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