Cairo Forces Parliament

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The Cairo Forces Parliament was a meeting of British soldiers in Cairo, Egypt in February 1944 which voted for the nationalisation of banks, land, mines, and transport in the United Kingdom. Among those that took part was Leo Abse who later became an MP.

Sam Bardell, a member of the Communist Party of Great Britain was secretary and the parliament attracted political activists from the Common Wealth Party and the Trotskyist movement.[1]

Similar parliaments also took place within the British Army in this period of the war. In the British Army in India such parliaments existed briefly at both Mhow and Deolali transit camp, and perhaps others. The Mhow parliament took place six months after the Cairo parliament, with 70-100 members and official blessing, although was soon shut down from above. The original structure of the Mhow parliament had a government and left wing opposition, but due to a larger number of left-wingers in the parliament the government dissolved and was replaced by the left party, with a centre and right opposition parties.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ Renton, D. K. "Bread and Freedom: British Soldiers and Egyptian Trotskyism". Retrieved 12 March 2014.
  2. ^ Fyrth, Jim. An Indian Landscape 1944-1946. Socialist History Occasional Papers Series No 12. 2001. ISBN 0-9537742-1-X. Page 19.

Bibliography

  • Andy Baker, The Cairo Parliament, 1943-4: An Experiment in Military Democracy, Leigh on Sea, Essex : Partizan Press 1989
  • Gilbert Hall, The Cairo Forces’ Parliament : the inside story, London : C. A. Smith, [ca. 1948].
  • Jim Fyrth, An Indian Landscape 1944-1946, Socialist History Occasional Papers Series No 12. 2001. ISBN 0-9537742-1-X

External links

  • Independent Obituary of Leo Abse, a member of the Cairo Parliament who later became an MP
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